Skip to main content
  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora oblongifolia J.B.Gillett

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & SE. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Slender glabrous shrub or small tree up to 5 m. tall, with sparse, short (5–15 mm.) lateral spines, the longer shoots longitudinally ridged when young, not spine-tipped; trunk cylindric; bark smooth, dark green, the outer layer thin, peeling in large translucent flakes; slash smooth, white; exudate copious, oily, faintly scented, clear, without any trace of milkiness; twigs with sparse circular lenticels ± 0.5 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves mainly scattered singly but some rather bunched together around the inflorescences, almost all hetero-3-foliolate; petiole 3–5(–10) mm. long; lateral leaflets suboblong, entire, ± caducous, sometimes absent, 1–5 mm. long, ± 1 mm. wide; lamina oblong or elliptic-oblong, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, rounded or pointed and apiculate at the apex, up to 10 mm. long and 50 mm. wide; midrib prominent beneath; main lateral veins 7–9 on each side, uniting before reaching the margin; ultimate vein network fine but prominent and distinct; margin cartilaginous with 5–15 minute crenate serrations on each side whose steep (adapical) side is only ± 0.3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Only very immature ♂ flowers seen, clustered densely 5–20 together at the tips of leafy or leafless branches on pedicels up to 2 mm. long; calyx ± 2 mm., including broadly triangular lobes 0.4 mm. long; corolla red, ± 4 mm. long. Female flowers dark red, subsessile, 2–4 together in dense clusters at the tips of leafy branchlets; calyx 1.5 mm. including triangular lobes ± 0.5 mm. long; petals linear, recurved and apiculate at the tip, 3 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers dark red, subsessile, 2–4 together in dense clusters at the tips of leafy branchlets; calyx 1.5 mm. including triangular lobes ± 0.5 mm. long; petals linear, recurved and apiculate at the tip, 3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit stalk 1–2 mm. long; drupe subglobose, 8 × 7.5 × (3 + 4.5) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, ± 1 mm. thick; pseudaril covering most of the stone with 2 distinct sutural lobes and a very irregular margin over the faces; stone minutely verrucose, with 2 large apical pits, ± 7 × 7.5 × (2.5 + 3.5) mm., the sterile locule narrowly humped distally so that the stone appears triquetrous when viewed from above.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/12–16, p.10.
    Habitat
    Among rocks in Acacia, Commiphora bushland, usually entangled in the branches of larger bushy trees so that it is inconspicuous, which may account for the fact that it seems to have been collected only once (by Miss Napier in 1931) before 1957; 600–1050 m.; rainfall 500–600 mm.
    Distribution
    K4 K7 not known elsewhere (all localities are between 0°28’N and 3°24’S and from 37°36’ to 38°36’E)

    Images

    Distribution

    Other Data

    Commiphora oblongifolia J.B.Gillett appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 12, 1984 Gilbert, M.G. [5321], Kenya K000353429
    Dec 12, 1984 Gilbert, M.G. [6126], Kenya K000353441
    Aug 3, 1982 Greenway, P.J. [12661], Kenya K000353439
    Aug 3, 1982 Napier, E.R. [1015], Kenya K000353438
    Aug 3, 1982 Verdcourt, B. [3889], Kenya K000353437
    Aug 3, 1982 Lyttle, C.O. [11958], Kenya K000353428
    Gillett, J.B. [19766], Kenya K000353430
    Gillett, J.B. [19616], Kenya K000353431
    Gillett, J.B. [19827], Kenya K000353432
    Gillett, J.B. [19830], Kenya K000353433
    Gillett, J.B. [19765], Kenya K000353434
    Gillett, J.B. [21698], Kenya K000353435
    Gillett, J.B. [17233], Kenya K000353436 holotype
    Gillett, J.B. [19644], Kenya K000353440
    Robertson, S.A. [1740], Kenya K000353427
    Luke, P.A. [7097], Kenya K000353426
    Cheseny, C.M.C. [11], Kenya K000353442

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Burserac.: 27 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0