1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium inhambanense Hilliard

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Mozambique, Nhacoongo (Inhacoongo), 90 km south of Inhambane, 30 m, fl. & fr. x.1935, Gomes e Sousa 1661 (COI, holotype; BR; K; LISC).
    Style
    Style 0.5–0.8 mm long; stigma reaching base or apex of anthers
    Note
    Known with certainty only from the type collection made in clayey sand on land that had been cleared of trees, near sea level; locally common. A specimen (Hall-Martin 794 (K)) from the Lengwe Game Reserve in southern Malawi may prove to be the same species. The plant came from mopane savanna at an altitude of c. 140 m, and in the second half of June only flowerless and fruitless remains of cymules were present.
    Distribution
    MOZ GI Mozambique
    Habit
    Perennial herb with woody caudex, whole plant drying black; stems many tufted from crown, c. 200–350 mm tall, virgately branched from base, strongly ribbed by raised vascular strands terminating in midribs of leaves and bracts, leafy. Perennial herb with woody caudex, whole plant drying black; stems many tufted from crown, c. 200–350 mm tall, virgately branched from base, strongly ribbed by raised vascular strands terminating in midribs of leaves and bracts, leafy
    Leaves
    Leaves ± ascending, main ones c. 25–50 × 1.2–1.8 mm, becoming smaller upwards and passing into bracts, linear-lanceolate to linear, acuminate, apiculate, base slightly narrowed, midrib raised on both surfaces. Leaves ± ascending, main ones c. 25–50 × 1.2–1.8 mm, becoming smaller upwards and passing into bracts, linear-lanceolate to linear, acuminate, apiculate, base slightly narrowed, midrib raised on both surfaces
    Flowers
    Flowers in dichasial cymules, initially c. 6–7 cymules racemosely arranged at branchlet tips, peduncles soon elongating and buds developing to produce very open many-flowered dichasia paniculately arranged. Flowers in dichasial cymules, initially c. 6–7 cymules racemosely arranged at branchlet tips, peduncles soon elongating and buds developing to produce very open many-flowered dichasia paniculately arranged
    Bracts
    Bracts (lowermost) c. 10–25 × 0.8–1.5 mm, linear, leaf-like, adnate to base of peduncle; bracteoles 2, lowermost c. 4.5–15 × 0.7–1.1 mm. Bracts (lowermost) c. 10–25 × 0.8–1.5 mm, linear, leaf-like, adnate to base of peduncle; bracteoles 2, lowermost c. 4.5–15 × 0.7–1.1 mm
    Peduncles
    Peduncles (lowermost) c. 3 mm soon elongating to c. 7–18 mm. Peduncles (lowermost) c. 3 mm soon elongating to c. 7–18 mm
    Perianth
    Perianth colour unknown; tube 0.6–1 mm long, external glands conspicuous, ellipsoid, about equalling tube; lobes 1–1.4 × 0.6–0.8 mm, triangular, very acute, densely white-bearded from apex. Perianth colour unknown; tube 0.6–1 mm long, external glands conspicuous, ellipsoid, about equalling tube; lobes 1–1.4 × 0.6–0.8 mm, triangular, very acute, densely white-bearded from apex
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of lobes; filaments 0.3–0.5 mm long, almost hidden by anthers; anthers 0.5–0.6 mm long. Stamens inserted at base of lobes; filaments 0.3–0.5 mm long, almost hidden by anthers; anthers 0.5–0.6 mm long
    Pistil
    Style 0.5–0.8 mm long; stigma reaching base or apex of anthers.
    Fruits
    Fruit 3 × 3 mm, light red-brown, distinctly ribbed and reticulate. Fruit 3 × 3 mm, light red-brown, distinctly ribbed and reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique

    Thesium inhambanense Hilliard appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Gomes e Sousa, A. [1661], Mozambique K000431518 isotype

    First published in Edinburgh J. Bot. 48: 53 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Edinb. J. Bot. 48: 53 (1991).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0