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  1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Areca L.
      1. Areca tunku J.Dransf. & C.K.Lim

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to Sumatera.

    Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) and Peninsular Malaysia.
    Ad sectionem Arecellam H. A. Wendl. & Drude pertinens, a ceteris speciebus Sumatranis vel Malayanis Arecae petiolo carenti et rachillis crassis purpureis bene distincta; A. jugahpunya J. Dransf. et A. ahmadii J. Dransf. speciebus borneensibus affinis sed a A. jugahpunya inflorescentia rachillis paucioribus minoribus petalis floris masculi non connatis et a A. ahrnadii habitu caulescenti et inflorescentia infrafoliacea pedunculo brevi distincta.
    General Description
    Solitary, unarmed, monoecious palm to 2.5 m tall. Stem often stilt-rooted at the base, dull green when young, becoming pale brown, 2-6 cm diam., internodes 2- 3 cm, nodal scars ca. 0.5 cm wide. Crown composed of ca. 8 leaves, these sometimes tardily abscissing the whole crown tending io trap leaf litter. Crownshaft to 13-25 cm long, 3-7 cm diam., often partially obscured by the marcescent leaf sheaths. Leaf variably dissected leaf sheaths l3- 20 cm long, dull green to brown, often tinged purple, drying pale brown, striate, bearing thin pale brown scalesi petiole absent to very short, not exceeding 5 cm long; rachis to 1 m long, adaxially channelled near the base, abaxially rounded or angled, pale brownish green, sometimes tinged purple; blade irregularly dissected, leaflets adaxially dark shiny green, slightly paler abaxially, usually borne close together, 5-24 on each side of the rachis, varying from narrow to broad, 22-65 x 0.7-10 cm, composedo f l-6 folds,a cuminate and somewhat sigmoid except for the terminal shallowlyJobed pair, main veins bearing minute brown punctiform scales. Inflorescence sometimes burstine throughm arcescenst heathse. rect, 8.5: 22 cm, almost always branching to I order only, very rarely the basalmost branch bearing a branch of the second order, all axes cream-colored, turning yellowish orange, greenish or deep purple; prophyll 8-22 x 2.5-4 cm, ancipitous, ellipticlanceolate, winged throughout, creamy brown to pale green, tinged with carmine purple, becoming striate on drfng, bearing bands of scattered pale brown scales peduncle 20-30 x 7-10 x 5 mm glabrous, bearing an inconspicuous, incomplete, low ridgeJike peduncular bract ca. I mm high, just above the prophyll scar; rachis to 7 cm long; rachillae 6-12, very stiff and stout. borne in two neat rows on either side ofthe rachis, congested at first, later often widely spreading, 5- I 2 x 0.2- 0.4 cm, sometimes slightly curved, bearing flowers only along one side (the distal side); triads borne only at the very base of the rachillae, l-6 per rachilla, rarely absent, distally the rachillae bearing paired or solitary staminatef lowersoth e flowers creamcolored or greenish tinged, often markedly contrasting with the purplish rachillae. Staminate flowers terete, ca. 4-10 x 1.5-2 mm; calyx cup-shaped, sometimes strongly explanate, to 0.75 mm high, three-lobed, the lobes triangular to I x I mm; petals 3, distinct, 4.5-10 x L.5-2.5, abaxially slightly striate; stamens 6, filaments 0.75- 1.5 mm, anthers 2.5-5.5 x I mm, apically and basally sagittate; pollen monosulcate with finely punctate tectate exine; pistillode minute. Pistillate flowers at anthesis cream-colored, borne on enlarged rachillae; buds varying greatly in size depending on stage of development, just before anthesis to 19 x 9 mm; sepals 3, strongly imbricate, irregularly ovate l0 x 9 mm; petals 3, basally strongly imbricate l0 x 9 mm, with triangular valvate tips to 5 x 5 mm; staminodes 3, irregularly dentiform to strap-shaped; ovary ovoid 14 x 4 mm, stigmas3 , strongly adpressedin bud, expanding and becoming reflexed at anthesis, white, fleshy, triangular ca. 5 x 5 mm. Fruit borne on the enlarged, dark brown or blackened rachillae, up to about 12 fruits developing on a single inflorescence; mature fruit 3-4.5 x 1.5-3 cm, dull purplish green to brown, with blackened stigmatic remains borne on a white ringed beak to 12 x 6 mm; epicarp smooth, becoming striate on dryng; mesocarp thin, pale,i nner fiberso f mesocarpb road,b lack, conspicuous, closely adhering to the endocarp; endocarp thin, closely adhering to the seed. Seed to 25 x l5 mm; endosperm deeply ruminate, embryo basal. Seedling leaf bifid.



    Native to:

    Malaya, Sumatera, Thailand


    Other Data

    Areca tunku J.Dransf. & C.K.Lim appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 16, 1994 Dransfield, J. [JD5178], Peninsular Malaysia K000208016 holotype


    First published in Principes 36: 81 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pooma, R. (ed.) (2005). A preliminary check-list of threatened plants in Thailand: 1-193. National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • J. Dransfield & C. K. Lim, A new species of Areca from Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. 1992


    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet Accessed on 21/04/2013
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