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  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Cyanthillium Blume
      1. Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to NW. Pacific. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 1000 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Distribution
    Introduced in Colombia.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb 15-150 cm tall; stems erect, simple or branched, longitudinally ribbed, pubescent to scabridulous with short T-shaped hairs and longer flagelliform hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green, ovate, lanceolate to spatulate with an elliptic, obovate or ovate blade, 1-12 cm long, 0.3-5 cm wide, base cuneate or attenuate to rounded or subtruncate and decurrent on to a narrow petioloid base, margins sinuate-serrate or less often subentire, apex obtuse to attenuate, ± thinly scattered-pubescent or scabridulous above, finely rather sparsely pubescent and glandular with sunken glands beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula numerous in lax terminal compound corymbiform cymes 2-20 cm in diameter; involucre cylindrical or ovoid-cylindrical, 3-6 mm long, 2.2-2.5(-3.5) mm in diameter at flowering time; phyllaries 3-4-seriate, appressed but becoming reflexed at fruiting, green, often with purplish tips, lanceolate, 1.5-5 mm long, acute or attenuate, finely ascending-pubescent and slightly glandular.
    Flowers
    Corolla mauve, purple or lilac, 3.3-7.5 mm long, lobes 1-3 mm long, finely pubescent below apex with slender ascending hairs, also with capitate glands.
    Fruits
    Achenes terete or subterete or obscurely 5-ribbed, 1-2.8 mm long, ascending-pubescent; outer pappus of narrow lanceolate scales, 0.2-0.6 mm long, inner pappus white, 3.5-5 mm long.
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect branched herb 1-3 ft. or rarely more high with shortly pubescent striate stems
    Florets
    Mauve or reddish-purple florets in numerous heads about 1/4 in. broad
    Ecology
    A common weed of farms, roadsides and waste places.
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Chagos Archipelago, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Leeward Is., Line Is., Marquesas, Mexico Southeast, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niue, Northern Territory, Panamá, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Socotra, Suriname, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Venezuela, Washington, Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3049], Myanmar Conyza elegantula K001118495
    Sep 1, 2017 Wallich [3062] Vernonia cinerea K000814636 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wallich [7137], Sri Lanka Vernonia cinerea K000373880 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wallich [3008/118H], Burma Vernonia cinerea K000373881 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wight [1385], India Vernonia cinerea K000373879 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wight [1384], India Vernonia cinerea K000373882 isotype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wight [1386], India Vernonia cinerea K000373883 isosyntype
    Oct 1, 1993 Guedes, M.L. [15], Bahia Vernonia cinerea K000068843
    Dec 1, 1991 Hind, D.J.N. [4], Bahia Vernonia cinerea K000068844
    Dec 1, 1991 Hind, D.J.N. [4], Bahia Vernonia cinerea K000068845
    Dec 1, 1991 Hind, D.J.N. [4], Bahia Vernonia cinerea K000068846
    Aug 13, 1981 Lowe, J. [4132], Brazil Vernonia cinerea K001066100
    Apr 30, 1981 Lowe, J. [3976], Brazil Vernonia cinerea K001066101
    Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6899], Cameroon Vernonia cinerea K000051513
    Jan 1, 1959 Morton, J.K. [689], Cameroon Vernonia cinerea K000051514
    Gossweiler, J. [340], Angola Vernonia cinerea K001307281
    Gillespie, J.B. [394], Kenya Vernonia cinerea 25629.000
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Pakistan Vernonia cinerea K000814660
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India Vernonia cinerea K000814664
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Cape Verde Vernonia cinerea K001035624
    Hooker, J.D. [200], Cape Verde Vernonia cinerea K001035623
    Thomson, T. [1132], Uttaranchal Vernonia cinerea K000814628
    Thomson, T. [s.n.] Vernonia cinerea K000814631
    Thomson, T. [s.n.] Vernonia cinerea K000814632
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India Vernonia cinerea K000814662
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India Vernonia cinerea K000814663
    King, R.M. [10204], Brazil Vernonia cinerea K001066103
    Wallich [3048], Uttar Pradesh Vernonia cinerea K000814633
    Wallich [s.n.], Uttar Pradesh Vernonia cinerea K000814634
    Wallich [3063], India Vernonia cinerea K000814658
    Wallich [3063], India Vernonia cinerea K000814659
    Wallich [3049], Karnataka Vernonia cinerea K000814661
    Edgeworth, M.P. [s.n.] Vernonia cinerea K000814635
    Basedow, H. [171], Australia Vernonia cinerea K000357202
    Rakoto, R. [240], Madagascar Vernonia cinerea K000662032
    Sitoni, D. [1129], Tanzania Vernonia cinerea K000662280
    Wight [138D], India Vernonia cinerea K000373876 syntype
    Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India Vernonia cinerea K000814637
    Lombardi, J.A. [2895], Brazil Vernonia cinerea K001066102
    Silva, F. de. [3003], Bangladesh Vernonia cinerea K000814630
    s.coll. [s.n.], India Vernonia cinerea K000814629
    Davey, J.T. [180], Mali Vernonia cinerea K000391766
    Davey, J.T. [256], Mali Vernonia cinerea K000391767
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3047] Conyza bellidifolia K001118493
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118409
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118410
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118411
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118412
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118413
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118414
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118415
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118402
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118403
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118404
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118405
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118406
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118407
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118408
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118416
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118417
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118418
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118419
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3046], Nepal Conyza incana K001118492
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3048], India Conyza abbreviata K001118494
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3062], Nepal Conyza cinerascens K001118519
    Govan, G. [Cat. no. 3062], India Conyza cinerascens K001118520
    Baron, R. [4733], Madagascar Vernonia betonicifolia K000273185 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [4779], Madagascar Vernonia betonicifolia K000273186 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 103: 252 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Robinson, H. & Funk, V. (2018). 190(1). Compositae-Vernonieae Flora of Ecuador 94: 1-128. Gothenburg University.
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Funk, V.A., P.E.Berry, S.Alexander, T.H.Hollowell & C.L.Kelloff (2007). Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 1-584.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae, part 1 Flora of North America North of Mexico 19: 1-579. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Not accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). [Cited as Vernonia cinerea.]

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0