1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Synsepalum (A.DC.) Daniell
      1. Synsepalum cerasiferum (Welw.) T.D.Penn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen tree 7–40 m. tall; trunk straight, often unbranched for a considerable distance, with rough, pale to dark grey, scaly or longitudinally fissured bark; slash pale brown or pink, turning orange; lower part of trunk fluted and buttressed.
    Shoots
    Young shoots ± glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf–lamina 3–21 x 1·2–5·5 cm., elliptic to narrowly elliptic–obovate, the apex rounded, the base acuminate; petiole 1–4 cm. long. Upper leaf surface smooth, glabrous, somewhat glossy, with faintly impressed midrib and inconspicuous lateral nerves 7–14 on each side; lower surface glabrous, mat, with fairly prominent main nerves and a faintly visible reticulation; leaves often drying brownish.
    Flowers
    Flowers densely fasciculate in axils of current and fallen leaves; pedicels up to 7 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 2·5 mm. long, comprising 5 hard ovate sepals fused to half their length and forming a firm cylinder constricted at the apex.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellowish–cream to greenish, the lower half forming a narrow tube within the calyx, expanding above into 5 patent to reflexed free lobes c. 2·5 mm. long.
    Anthers
    Anthers c. 1–5 mm. long, apiculate.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes c. 0·5 mm. long, inconspicuous.
    Ovary
    Ovary c. 4 mm. long, narrowly conical.
    Fruits
    Fruit solitary, up to 2·5 x 2 cm., a red ovoid to subglobose berry with persistent style, persistent calyx forming a woody cupule at base, and thick woody stalk 3–10 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seed up to 2 cm. long; scar occupying j or more of surface area.
    [FWTA]

    Sapotaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A large tree, up to 90 ft. high
    Wood
    Very hard wood
    Flowers
    White flowers
    Fruits
    Red fruits, like the last (Afrosersalisia afzelii), but larger.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Medium to tall tree with spreading crown; height up to 40 m.; bole fluted.
    Petiole
    Petioles up to 1.2 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina dark green with yellowish-green midrib and nerves, oblanceolate to obovate, rarely narrowly elliptic, 6–17 (rarely –34) cm. long, 5–6(–14) cm. wide, coriaceous, obtuse, cuneate; midrib and nerves conspicuously raised on lower surface; lateral nerves 9–14 (rarely –20) on each side.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels up to 7 mm. long; pedicels and calyx both reddish-brown, puberulous.
    Calyx
    Sepals connate for about half their length; lobes rounded to subacute, up to 2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla greenish or yellowish-cream; tube up to 3 mm. long; lobes ovate, up to 3 mm. long, reflexed in older flowers.
    Stamens
    Filaments up to 1.5 mm. long; anthers up to 2 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes ± triangular, denticulate.
    Ovary
    Ovary subconical, to 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit a red ovoid to globose berry, up to 2.5 cm. long, 2 cm. in diameter; style persisting at apex; skin thick and tough; pulp soft and milky, edible with tart refreshing flavour. Fruit-stalk thick and woody, up to 1 cm. long; calyx persistent and becoming thick and woody to form a cupule-like structure.
    Seeds
    Seed up to 2 cm. long, 1.5 cm. in diameter.
    Figures
    Fig. 8, p. 43.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest, groundwater forest and riverine forest; 300–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K3 T1 T3 T6 T7 U1 U2 U4 extends from Guinée Republic in the west to the Sudan Republic in the north and southwards to Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Angola

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

    Synsepalum cerasiferum (Welw.) T.D.Penn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2007 Burgt, X.M. van der [884], Cameroon K000460222
    Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [573A], Cameroon 77508.000
    Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [573 A], Cameroon K000746044
    Chevalier, A. [12356], Guinea K000430591
    Chevalier, A. [12309], Guinea K000430592
    Welwitsch [4819], Angola K000430641
    Itoh, N. [NI97-33], Tanzania 62546.000
    Scheffler [172], Tanzania K000430648 isosyntype
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614465
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614512
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614516
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 29266], Cameroon K000029732
    Welwitsch [4812], Angola Sersalisia cerasifera K000430642 isosyntype

    First published in Gen. Sapotac.: 248 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0