1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Synsepalum (A.DC.) Daniell
      1. Synsepalum passargei (Engl.) T.D.Penn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Shrub or much–branched evergreen tree 2–8 m. tall, with spreading crown and drooping branches.
    Trunk
    Trunk slightly fluted at base, bark smooth, light brown or grey.
    Branches
    Young branchlets densely ferrugineous–pubescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules 5–9 mm. long, subulate, persistent.
    Leaves
    Leaves crowded at branch ends.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina 5-12 x 2·5–5 cm., narrowly obovate with obtuse or rounded apex and acute base; margin slightly revolute and undulate; lateral nerves 7–11 on each side.
    Petiole
    Petiole 6–10 mm. long.
    Indumentum
    Upper leaf surface smooth, glossy, glabrous, drying brownish– or greyish–green, with impressed nerves; lower surface mat, glabrous, greyish–green to pinkish–brown with prominent hirsute to glabrescent pale brown to orange nerves. (Very young leaves may be ephemerally lanate on both sides.)
    Flowers
    Flowers fascicled in axils of current and recently fallen leaves, on slender pedicels 3–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 1·6 mm. long, pubescent, divided almost to the base into narrowly oblong segments.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 3·5 mm. long, greenish–white; petals almost free, narrowly obovate, becoming reflexed at anthesis.
    Stamens
    Filaments slender, c. 3 mm. long; anthers 0–6 mm. long, extrorse.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes a little shorter than to equalling petals, lanceolate in outline, with ± lacerate margin.
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium c. 2·5 mm. long; ovary hemispherical, densely and conspicuously hirsute, crowned with the slender style.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 1·5 cm. long, ellipsoid, yellow or orange, puberulous to ± glabrous, with withered flower parts persisting at base; flesh edible.
    Seeds
    Seed up to 12 x 8 mm.; testa shiny pale greyish–brown with paler ± elliptic lateral scar.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Much branched shrub or small tree, sometimes with straggling habit; height up to 8(–15) m.
    Indumentum
    Young branches and petioles with dense ferrugineous pubescence; old branches glabrous.
    Petiole
    Petiole up to 1 cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules caducous, narrowly subulate, up to 1 cm. long, pilose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina oblanceolate to obovate, up to 12(–19.5) cm. long and 4.5(–6.8) cm. wide, apex shortly acuminate or rounded to emarginate, narrowly to broadly cuneate; upper surface dark green, glabrous, lower surface pale green, sometimes hairy along midrib, otherwise subglabrous; lateral nerves 7–14 on each side; veins reticulate.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 5–10 mm. long, pilose.
    Calyx
    Sepals free to base, broadly ovate, up to 2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla greenish-white; tube very short; lobes oblong-elliptic, up to 3.5 mm. long and 1.5 mm. wide, strongly reflexed in old flowers.
    Filaments
    Filaments up to 3.5 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes narrowly subulate to filiform, up to 3 mm. long, entire or denticulate with ± flattened base (see fig. 7/5).
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, up to 2 mm. long; style up to 3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Mature fruit a yellow or orange-yellow berry, up to 1.5 cm. long, ± glabrous or puberulous; withered flower parts persistent at base; pulp soft and edible.
    Seeds
    Seed up to 12 mm. long, 8 mm. wide; testa shiny pale greyish-brown with paler ± elliptic lateral scar.
    Figures
    Fig. 7.
    Habitat
    Riverine forest and streamside shrub thickets; 900–1400 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T6 T7 T8 extends from Guinée Republic eastwards to the western and southern fringes of Tanganyika and southwards to Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Angola
    [FWTA]

    Sapotaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A tree 15-20 ft. high
    Flowers
    White flowers.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synsepalum passargei (Engl.) T.D.Penn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chevalier, A. [12298], Guinea K000430584 isotype
    Bakshi, T.S. [460], Sierra Leone Vincentella passargei 25101.000
    Aug 1, 1955 Sapin, A. [s.n.], Gabon Vincentella sapini K000430651 isotype

    First published in Gen. Sapotac.: 249 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0