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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa albicoma (Swallen & García-Barr.) Morrone & Zuloaga

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 2000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 160-200 cm long. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; distally hispid. Culm-nodes pubescent, or bearded. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse. Leaf-sheaths 12-19 cm long; longer than adjacent culm internode; hispid; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 1-1.6 mm long. Collar pubescent. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 18-24 cm long; 14-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade surface hispid. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; ascending; unilateral. Central inflorescence axis 22-30 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; hirsute on surface. Rhachis hairs 3-5 mm long. Spikelet packing irregular. Spikelets in pairs, or in threes. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels ciliate; with 3-5 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 4.5-5.1 mm long; 1.6-1.8 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 4.5-5.1 mm long; 1.6-1.8 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.9-2.5 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough at apex. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough at apex. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 3.7-3.8 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; scabrous; rough at apex; glabrous. Fertile lemma ovate; 3.3-3.7 mm long; indurate; yellow, or light brown; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface rugose.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zuloaga 1998.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa albicoma (Swallen & García-Barr.) Morrone & Zuloaga appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Darwiniana 31: 68 (1992)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria albicoma.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0