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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa arrecta (Hack.) Morrone & Zuloaga

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 2000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms rambling; 30-130 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-25 cm long; 5-15 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 4-15; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-10 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-25 cm long. Rhachis broadly winged; 0.5-1.5 mm wide; scabrous on margins; glabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3-4.3 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3-4.3 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5-4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; muticous, or mucronate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Sprawling perennial; culms 50–130 cm. high, prostrate and rooting at the nodes below.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 5–25 cm. long, 5–15 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 4–15 racemes on an axis 5–25 cm. long; racemes 1–10 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly in 2 regular rows on a narrow (0.5–1.5 mm. wide) winged rhachis with scabrid margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 3–4.3 mm. long, glabrous, acute; lower glume 1/3–1/2 as long as the spikelet; upper glume not separated from the lower by an internode; upper lemma rugulose, obtuse, ± an obscure mucro.
    Habitat
    In swamps and by water; 600–1800 m.
    Distribution
    tropical and South Africaintroduced to tropical America K4 K5 T1 T2 T3 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Sprawling perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 50–130 cm. high, prostrate and rooting at the nodes below.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 5–15 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 4–15 racemes, these 1–10 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly in two neat rows on a flat rhachis 0.5–1.5 mm. wide with scabrid margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–4.5 mm. long, glabrous, acute.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 1/3–1/2 length of spikelet, arising immediately below the superior.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume 1/3–1/2 length of spikelet, arising immediately below the superior.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma rugulose.
    Superior
    Superior lemma rugulose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Florida, Honduras, Peru, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa arrecta (Hack.) Morrone & Zuloaga appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk, Malawi Brachiaria arrecta K000282075 holotype
    Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1242], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102406
    Zeyher, South Africa Brachiaria arrecta K000282185
    Gerrard, W.T. [686], South Africa Brachiaria arrecta K000282186
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria arrecta K000282183 isosyntype
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria arrecta K000282184 isosyntype
    Harker, K.W. [727], Uganda Brachiaria arrecta K000282137 isotype
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102399
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102400
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102401
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102404
    Silva, R.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102395
    Ornellas, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102396
    Ornellas, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102402
    Ornellas, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102403
    Ornellas, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102405
    Ornellas, S.O.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102397
    Ornellas, S.O.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102398
    Ornellas, S.O.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria arrecta K001102407

    Bibliography

    First published in Darwiniana 31: 69 (1992)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria arrecta.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0