1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum simulans Smook

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Namibia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 60-120 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; glabrous on surface, or hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 1.4 mm long. Leaf-blade base simple, or cordate. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 1-25 cm long; 2-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface papillose; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins smooth to scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; obovate; 8-40 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; 1 -nate. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; acute, or acuminate; 2.6-3 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; acute, or acuminate; 2.6-3 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or prominent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 2.4-3 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; pallid, or purple; without keels; 7-9(-11) -veined. Upper glume hairs 2 mm long, or 3 mm long. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 2.2-2.3 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; pallid, or purple; (7-)9 -veined; without cross-veins, or with cross-veins; scaberulous; rough on midvein; truncate, or acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.4-1.7 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Smook 2003.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Namibia

    Panicum simulans Smook appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 23: 59 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0