Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa eminii (Mez) Davidse

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ivory Coast to Kenya and Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted annual; culms 40–100 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 5–30 cm. long, 5–17 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–10 racemes on an axis 4–15 cm. long; racemes 3–7 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a flat winged rhachis with ciliate margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 3.5–4.5 mm. long, sparsely and stiffly pubescent, sharply acute; lower glume 1/2–2/3 as long as the spikelet, clasping, acuminate; upper glume membranous, separated from the lower by an internode; upper lemma papillose to obscurely rugulose, subacute, mucronate.
    Habitat
    Old farmland and in deciduous bushland on alluvial soils; 800–1600 m.
    Distribution
    Zaire to Zambia and Malawi T1 T2 T5 T7
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted annual.
    Culms
    Culms 40–100 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 5–18 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–10 racemes, these 3–7 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly on a flat rhachis 1–1.5 mm. wide with tuberculate-ciliate margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3.5–4.5 mm. long, sparsely and stiffly pubescent, sharply acute.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 1/2–2/3 length of spikelet, 7–9-nerved, acuminate, separated from the superior by a short internode.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume 1/2–2/3 length of spikelet, 7–9-nerved, acuminate, separated from the superior by a short internode.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma rugulose to granulose, subacute, mucronate.
    Superior
    Superior lemma rugulose to granulose, subacute, mucronate.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms 40-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 5-17 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 3-7 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-15 cm long. Rhachis broadly winged; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; cuspidate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; cuspidate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; acuminate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface papillose; unwrinkled, or rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical. South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms decumbent; 50-100 cm long; 3-4 mm diam.; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-25 cm long; 11-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (3-)5-7(-9); borne along a central axis; unilateral; 5-10 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-12 cm long. Rhachis broadly winged; foliaceous; with rounded midrib; 2-3.5 mm wide; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; cuspidate; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; cuspidate; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 11-13 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy above. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pilose; hairy above; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 4.5-5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface striate. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-tropical: Malesia and Papuasia. South America: Mesoamericana, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms decumbent; 50-150 cm long; wiry. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-20 cm long; 7-15 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-7; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-8 cm long. Rhachis broadly winged; 1-1.7 mm wide; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute, or acute; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute, or acute; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; obtuse, or acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical. Asia-tropical: India and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: north-central. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Stoloniferous perennial; culms 50–150 cm. high, wiry, decumbent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate, 5–20 cm. long, 7–15 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 2–7 racemes on an axis 1–8 cm. long; racemes mostly 1–5 cm. long; bearing the spikelets singly, these usually in 2 rows; rhachis flat, 1–1.7 mm. wide, ciliate on the margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 4–5 mm. long, usually pubescent, with a slight stipe at the base; lower glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, clasping, acute or obtuse; upper glume membranous, separated from the lower by an internode; upper lemma granulose, subacute.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and forest edges; 600–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 T1 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Hawaii, Honduras, Jawa, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Mexico Southeast, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa eminii (Mez) Davidse appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stuhlman, Tanzania Brachiaria eminii K000282132
    Stuhlman, F. [4663], Tanzania Brachiaria eminii K000282133 isosyntype
    Stuhlman, F. [1815], Tanzania Brachiaria eminii K000282134 Unknown type material
    Germain, R. [8229], Zaire Brachiaria ruziziensis K000282148
    Germain, R. [8229], Zaire Brachiaria ruziziensis K000282149
    Silva, N.T. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria ruziziensis K001102393
    Maldague [513], Zaïre Brachiaria ruziziensis K000282150
    Klein, R.M. [11859], Brazil Brachiaria ruziziensis K001102392
    Ornellas, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria ruziziensis K001102394
    Mori, S.A. [16652], Brazil Brachiaria decumbens K001078386
    Speke [488], Tanzania Brachiaria decumbens K000282131 syntype
    Dummer, R. [1070], Uganda Brachiaria decumbens K000282130 Unknown type material
    Ornellas, S.O.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria decumbens K001078387

    Bibliography

    First published in Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 1258 (1993)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria eminii.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0