1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys shuchengensis S.C.Li & S.H.Wu

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 1000 cm long; 35 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; 35 cm long; distally pruinose. Culm-nodes pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths chartaceous; green; pubescent; hairy at the base; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 2 mm high; purple; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade linear; spreading, or reflexed. Leaves cauline; 1-2 per branch. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; erect, or spreading. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; purple. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate, or oblong; 6-17 cm long; 12-22 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous (on midrib); rough abaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets (1-4 spikelets); prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous, or pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous, or pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; chartaceous. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea chartaceous. Palea surface puberulous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; elliptic; 4 mm long. Anthers 3; 8-10 mm long. Stigmas 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl China 2006.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast

    Phyllostachys shuchengensis S.C.Li & S.H.Wu appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Anhui Agric. Coll. 8: 50 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0