1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Hickelia A.Camus
      1. Hickelia africana S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms leaning, or rambling; 300 cm long; 8 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 40 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths 2 times as long as wide; green; puberulous. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; 8.5-13.5 cm long; 12-15 mm wide; glabrous on surface; attenuate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-12 cm long; 7-10 mm wide; light green. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; stellate; 4-8 cm long; with glumaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 4 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 11-12 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 15-23 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; ovate; 11-12 mm long; indurate; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 8 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel; 17 -veined. Lemma lateral veins transversely connected at apex. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex cuspidate. Palea ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus; ciliolate. Rhachilla extension 0.2 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 4 mm long. Anthers 6; 9 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp; ovoid; 3 mm long; hairy at apex.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Hickelia africana S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 6, 1991 Bidgood, S [873], Tanzania K000345523 holotype
    Aug 6, 1991 Bidgood, S [873], Tanzania K000345524
    Croydon, T.C.E. [224], Tanzania 66931.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 49: 440 (1994)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0