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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Euclasta Franch.
      1. Euclasta condylotricha (Hochst. ex Steud.) Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to India, Mexico to W. Central Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms prostrate; 15-200 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-25 cm long; 2-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-15; digitate; drooping; arcuate; 2-5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip transverse. Raceme-bases filiform; dichotomously branched; unequal (the longer measured); stiffly setose; hairy in axils. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; flattened; with a translucent median line (also present in internodes); ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2-6 in number (lower raceme); 2-6 in upper raceme; barren; 4-9 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes pilose. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; oblong; 4-9 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes herbaceous; distinctly veined; 10-17 -veined; pilose; acute. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes; muticous. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2-6 in number (lower raceme); 2-6 in upper raceme; barren; 4-9 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes pilose. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; oblong; 4-9 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes herbaceous; distinctly veined; 10-17 -veined; pilose; acute. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; keel-less except near apex; 5 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume surface flat; pilose. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1.5 mm long; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 20-40 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-tropical: India. North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

    Habit
    Annual; culms up to 150 cm high, geniculately ascending with stilt-roots, barbate at the nodes; leaf sheaths with long tubercle-based hairs at the mouth; ligule membranous with ciliolate to long-ciliate fringe; leaf laminas up to 25 cm × 2–10 mm, linear-lanceolate, somewhat flaccid, contracted at the base and drawn out at the apex into a setaceous point, glabrous on both sides or shortly pilose along the midrib and adjacent nerves; midrib whitish, prominent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of subdigitate racemes.
    Sessile
    Sessile spikelet: inferior glume c. 4 mm long, elliptic-oblong, with 5 nerves ending below the hyaline truncate apex, pilose on the margins and on the back below, scaberulous on the keels; superior glume c. 4 mm long, ovate, strongly carinate, glabrous; inferior floret empty with ovate carinate lemma ciliate on the keel and margins; superior floret bisexual; lemma hyaline, stipitiform; palea present; awn c. 37 mm long, minutely pilose; anthers c. 0.75 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Pedicelled spikelet male; inferior glume c. 5.5 mm long, oblanceolate, 7–10-nerved, pilose in the lower 1/3; superior glume 4–4.5 mm long; superior floret with lemma slightly shorter than the glumes; anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Sessile spikelet: inferior glume c. 4 mm long, elliptic-oblong, with 5 nerves ending below the hyaline truncate apex, pilose on the margins and on the back below, scaberulous on the keels; superior glume c. 4 mm long, ovate, strongly carinate, glabrous; inferior floret empty with ovate carinate lemma ciliate on the keel and margins; superior floret bisexual; lemma hyaline, stipitiform; palea present; awn c. 37 mm long, minutely pilose; anthers c. 0.75 mm long.
    Pedicelled
    Pedicelled spikelet male; inferior glume c. 5.5 mm long, oblanceolate, 7–10-nerved, pilose in the lower 1/3; superior glume 4–4.5 mm long; superior floret with lemma slightly shorter than the glumes; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Erect or rambling annual; culms weak, 15–200 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 5–25 cm. long, 2–10 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Homogamous spikelets resembling the pedicelled. Inflorescence delicate, nodding, composed of 2–15 subdigitate or corymbose racemes, bearded in the axils; racemes 2–5 cm. long, pedunculate.
    Sessile
    Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic, 3–4 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, with raised nerves, ± hairy, obtuse; awn 2–4 cm. long, pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Pedicelled spikelet lanceolate, 4–9 mm long, many-nerved, ± hairy, acute. Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic, 3–4 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, with raised nerves, ± hairy, obtuse; awn 2–4 cm. long, pubescent.
    Pedicelled
    Pedicelled spikelet lanceolate, 4–9 mm long, many-nerved, ± hairy, acute.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and deciduous bushland; 0–1400 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Z tropical Africa and America
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual; culms slender, weak, geniculately ascending, up to 1·5 m. high; nodes strongly bearded
    Ecology
    In partial shade.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Euclasta condylotricha (Hochst. ex Steud.) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1970 Scholz [163], Burkina Faso K000212206
    Hinton, G.B. [6710], Guerrero K000476399
    Hinton, G.B. [5015], México State K000476400
    Hinton, G.B. [2609], México State K000476401
    Schweinfurth, G. [1025], Sudan K000280714 isosyntype
    Burchell [8761-7], Brazil K000643003
    Burchell [8780], Brazil K000643004
    Burchell [9064], Brazil K000643005
    Ule, E. [8013], Brazil K001106133
    Eiten, G. [4224], Brazil K001106134
    Palmer, E. [591], Jalisco K000643006
    Thollon [1079], Gabon K000280713
    Barter, C., Nigeria K000280715
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [2346], Mali K000212205

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 181 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 398.
    • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 13: 861
    • in F.T.A. 9: 181 (1917)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Vigosa-Mercado, J.L. & Fonseca, R.M. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 75: 1-153. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
    • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 471 (1972).
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 100 (1965).
    • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 33 (1960).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 41 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 460 (1956).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 52 (1955).
    • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 1: 107 (1929).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 181 (1917).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0