1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum stewartii Rajesw., R.R.Rao & Arti Garg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 200-300 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 25-50 cm long; 4-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle hirsute above. Panicle open; oblong; 20 cm long. Racemes 6-7.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on surface. Rhachis hairs 6 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 6.8 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 6.8 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 2-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume surface flat; glabrous, or pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 3 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined; ciliolate on margins; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 3 mm long. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2 mm long; hyaline. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex entire; awned. Principal lemma awn straight; 3 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Rajeshwari 2006.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    West Himalaya

    Saccharum stewartii Rajesw., R.R.Rao & Arti Garg appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sida 16: 33 (1994)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0