1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Gaoligongshania D.Z.Li, Hsueh & N.H.Xia
      1. Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa (Hand.-Mazz.) D.Z.Li, Hsueh & N.H.Xia

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (NW. Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 200 cm long; 4 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches suffrutescent. Branch complement one; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; auriculate; with 9 mm wide auricles; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; spreading; 4 cm long. Leaves cauline; 5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 10 cm long; keeled; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 10 mm long; dark. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.5-1 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-30 cm long; 30-57 mm wide; light green and glaucous; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade venation with 18 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface papillose; rough abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; globose; effuse; 40 cm long; 40 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 1 -nate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 10-40 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; subterete; 20-40 mm long; 2-3 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 4 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 1 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; subterete; 20-40 mm long; 2-3 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 4 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 1 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 8 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough above. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 8 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough above. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 4 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 18 mm long; 3 mm wide; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 5 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 2 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Hand.-Mazz. 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa (Hand.-Mazz.) D.Z.Li, Hsueh & N.H.Xia appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33: 600 (1995)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0