1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cortaderia Stapf
      1. Cortaderia boliviensis M.Lyle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30-150 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent, or deciduous with part of sheath attached; flat, or involute; (25-)60-90 cm long; 2.5-6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; oblong; 10-25(-35) cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male inflorescence bisexual, similar to female.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3(-4) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1.3-1.5 mm long; bearded. Floret callus hairs 2 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3(-4) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1.3-1.5 mm long; bearded. Floret callus hairs 2 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 7-11 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-11 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma ovate; 7-10 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy at base. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 3-4 mm long; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 8-10 mm long overall. Palea 5-6 mm long. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3. Staminodes present; 0.2-0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Male
    Male inflorescence bisexual, similar to female.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Gr Bolivia 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia

    Cortaderia boliviensis M.Lyle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Renvoize, S.A. [5342], Bolivia K000709687
    Jan 1, 2008 Hensen, I. [1146], Bolivia K000709684
    Jan 1, 1991 Beck, St. G. [11273], Bolivia K000709686
    Jan 1, 1991 Solomon, J.C. [15382], Bolivia K000709691
    Jan 1, 1991 Lyle, M. [162], Bolivia K000709688
    Jan 1, 1991 Lyle, M. [159], Bolivia K000709689
    Jan 1, 1991 Lyle, M. [159], Bolivia K000709690
    Beck, St. G. [14564], Bolivia K000709685

    First published in Novon 6: 72 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0