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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Ethiopia and S. Africa.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 40–120 cm. high, never rooting at the nodes.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 3–15(30) mm. wide, linear to lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–8(12) racemes, these 1–8 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets as for B. humidicola.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial; culms 40–100 cm. high, never rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to lanceolate, 5–30 cm. long, 3–10(–30) mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–8(–12) racemes on an axis 5–25 cm. long; racemes 1–8 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a triquetrous narrowly winged rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 4–6 mm. long, pubescent, subacute; lower glume 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 11-nerved, obtuse to subacute; upper glume 7–9-nerved, with cross-veins, separated from the lower by a short internode; lower lemma 5-nerved, with prominent cross-veins; upper lemma slightly papillose, subobtuse to apiculate.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and deciduous bushland; 0–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Zaire, Sudan and Ethiopia to Zambia and Mozambique
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons absent. Culms 40-100 cm long; without nodal roots. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-30 cm long; 3-10(-30) mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-8(-12); borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-8 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-25 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.75-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 11 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; with cross-veins; pubescent; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-5.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse, or apiculate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    A stoloniferous perennial up to about 60 cm. high.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 40-100 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 4-20 cm long; 3-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-3(-4); borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-7 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 2-13 cm long. Rhachis wingless, or narrowly winged; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.75-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 11 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; with cross-veins; glabrous, or pubescent; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-5.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south. Asia-tropical: Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Stoloniferous perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 40–150 cm. high, often geniculate and rooting at the nodes.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 2–10 mm. wide, linear to narrowly lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 2–3(4) racemes, these 2–7 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 4–6 mm. long, pubescent or very rarely glabrous, subacute.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 3/4 to as long as spikelet, 11-nerved, separated from the superior by a very brief internode.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume 3/4 to as long as spikelet, 11-nerved, separated from the superior by a very brief internode.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma finely rugulose.
    Superior
    Superior lemma finely rugulose.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Stoloniferous perennial; culms 40–100 cm. high, often geniculate and rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 4–20 cm. long, 3–10 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 2–3(–4) racemes on an axis 2–13 cm. long; racemes 2–7 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis, this sometimes narrowly winged.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets broadly elliptic, 4–6 mm. long, pubescent or very rarely glabrous, subacute; lower glume 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 11-nerved, obtuse; upper glume 5–9-nerved, with cross-veins, separated from the lower by a short internode; lower lemma 5-nerved, with prominent cross-veins; upper lemma slightly papillose, subobtuse to apiculate.
    Habitat
    Seasonally swampy grassland; 0–2100 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 Zaire, Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Laos, New Guinea, Panamá, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Solomon Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Creeping false paspalum, Creeping signal grass

    Other Data

    Urochloa dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hildebrandt [2663], Tanzania Brachiaria dictyoneura K000282139
    Hitchcock, A.S. [24998], Kenya Brachiaria dictyoneura K000282214 isotype
    Holst [4015], Tanzania Brachiaria dictyoneura K000282138
    Kässner [451], Kenya Brachiaria dictyoneura K000282219
    May 1, 1998 Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1310], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078417
    Jan 1, 1994 Nee, M.H. [42704], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078418
    Jan 1, 1989 Balée, W.L. [932], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078414
    May 6, 1988 Valls, J.F.M. [11679], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078413
    Bidgood, S. [5044], Tanzania Brachiaria humidicola K000190272
    Welwitsch [2678], Angola Brachiaria humidicola K000282076 isotype
    Welwitsch [2678], Angola Brachiaria humidicola K000282077
    Eden, M.J. [EM24], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078415
    Eden, M.J. [EM 85], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078416
    Quarín, C.L. [4025], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078411
    Moraes, W.F. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria humidicola K001078412

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 41: 418 (1996)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria dictyoneura.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Franck, A.R., Anderson, L.C., Burkhalter, J.R. & Dickman, S. (2016). Additions to the flora of Florida, U.S.A. (2010-2015) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10: 175-190.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/