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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa fusiformis (Reeder) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan), Malesia to New Guinea.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 15-40 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; glabrous on surface to pubescent; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.6 mm long. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate; 1.5-3.5 cm long; 3-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous. Leaf-blade margins undulate; scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 0.5-2 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; puberulous on surface; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.5-1 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: Malesia and Papuasia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Reeder 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku, New Guinea, Philippines

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa fusiformis (Reeder) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1965 Merrill, E.D. [11606], Philippines Brachiaria fusiformis K000290248 isotype
    Mar 1, 1965 Merrill, E.D. [11606], Philippines Brachiaria fusiformis K000290247 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 41: 420 (1996)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria fusiformis.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0