1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Bobgunnia J.H.Kirkbr. & Wiersema
      1. Bobgunnia madagascariensis (Desv.) J.H.Kirkbr. & Wiersema

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Sudanian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by R.K. Brummitt

    Corolla
    Petal 1, 2–3.6 × (1.8)2.2–3 cm including the short claw, white with a yellow patch at the base inside, crinkled, densely covered with appressed brown or greyish hairs outside, glabrous inside. Petal 1, 2–3.6 × (1.8)2.2–3 cm including the short claw, white with a yellow patch at the base inside, crinkled, densely covered with appressed brown or greyish hairs outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Stamens probably 50–60, exceeded by the petal, somewhat unequal, yellow or orange. Stamens probably 50–60, exceeded by the petal, somewhat unequal, yellow or orange.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore 7–12 mm long, bearing the ovary usually largely clear of the stamens. Gynophore 7–12 mm long, bearing the ovary usually largely clear of the stamens.
    Fruits
    Pods (6)8–18(30) × 1–1.7(2.3) cm, roughly cylindrical, usually somewhat bumpy and twisted, hard, dark brown to black, pendent, indehiscent, with several to many seeds. Pods (6)8–18(30) × 1–1.7(2.3) cm, roughly cylindrical, usually somewhat bumpy and twisted, hard, dark brown to black, pendent, indehiscent, with several to many seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds 7–8 × 5–7 × 3 mm, oblong-reniform, compressed, with a small hilum below the radicular lobe, pale brown or greyish, shiny. Seeds 7–8 × 5–7 × 3 mm, oblong-reniform, compressed, with a small hilum below the radicular lobe, pale brown or greyish, shiny.
    Distribution
    Also in West Africa, Congo and Tanzania southwards to N Namibia and the Flora area.
    Ecology
    (Despite the specific epithet, which was given in error, the species does not occur in Madagascar.) In deciduous woodland and wooded grassland, mainly in sandy soils; 150–1740 m.
    Habit
    Small or medium deciduous tree up to 18 m or occasionally a shrub; bark grey or brown, deeply fissured or reticulate. Small or medium deciduous tree up to 18 m or occasionally a shrub; bark grey or brown, deeply fissured or reticulate.
    Indumentum
    Young branches, leaf rachides and inflorescence axes and pedicels rather conspicuously covered with a rusty-brown or greyish dense pubescence or tomentum, but fairly quickly somewhat glabrescent, the indumentum inconspicuous at time of fruiting. Young branches, leaf rachides and inflorescence axes and pedicels rather conspicuously covered with a rusty-brown or greyish dense pubescence or tomentum, but fairly quickly somewhat glabrescent, the indumentum inconspicuous at time of fruiting.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole and rachis together (3)6–15(18) cm long; leaflets (3)5–9(13), alternate or occasionally opposite, each (1)2–6(10) × (0.8)1.2–3(5.7) cm, usually elliptic or broadly elliptic, occasionally ovate- or obovate- or oblong-elliptic, rounded to emarginate at the apex, rounded at the base, usually markedly darker above than beneath (particularly when young), the lower surface densely appressed-pubescent and the upper surface sparsely so when young, tending to be glabrescent with age; petiolules 1–3(4) mm; stipels absent or present at the base of the terminal leaflet only. Leaves: petiole and rachis together (3)6–15(18) cm long; leaflets (3)5–9(13), alternate or occasionally opposite, each (1)2–6(10) × (0.8)1.2–3(5.7) cm, usually elliptic or broadly elliptic, occasionally ovate- or obovate- or oblong-elliptic, rounded to emarginate at the apex, rounded at the base, usually markedly darker above than beneath (particularly when young), the lower surface densely appressed-pubescent and the upper surface sparsely so when young, tending to be glabrescent with age; petiolules 1–3(4) mm; stipels absent or present at the base of the terminal leaflet only.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 5(8) cm long, sometimes appearing branched, with up to 10 flowers but sometimes much reduced so that the flowers appear to be in sessile fascicles of 2 or 3 or solitary in the leaf axil; bracts subtending pedicels triangular, up to 3 mm long, rapidly falling and often leaving two short stipules; pedicels 1–3(4) cm long. Racemes up to 5(8) cm long, sometimes appearing branched, with up to 10 flowers but sometimes much reduced so that the flowers appear to be in sessile fascicles of 2 or 3 or solitary in the leaf axil; bracts subtending pedicels triangular, up to 3 mm long, rapidly falling and often leaving two short stipules; pedicels 1–3(4) cm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx globose and 6–7 mm in diameter before anthesis, then splitting for about half its length into 2–5 lobes and reflexing. Calyx globose and 6–7 mm in diameter before anthesis, then splitting for about half its length into 2–5 lobes and reflexing.
    [FWTA]

    Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, 20–30 ft. high
    Flowers
    Conspicuous white sweetly-scented flowers
    Fruits
    Pods a foot long rather like those of Cassia sieberiana.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree or occasionally a shrub 3–15 m. high, with rough longitudinally fissured or reticulate bark.
    Branches
    Young branchlets densely pubescent to tomentose; indumentum when dry greyish or more usually fawn or rusty.
    Leaves
    Leaflets alternate, rarely opposite, (3–)7–11(–13), elliptic or obovate-elliptic, rarely oblong-elliptic, 2–10 cm. long, 1.2–5(–5.7) cm. wide, rarely more, rounded at both ends and often ± emarginate at apex, much paler beneath than above, and ± densely appressed-hairy or tomentose beneath, rarely subglabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 2–10-flowered or more, axillary, solitary or up to 3 together; axis to 5(–8) cm. long, sometimes very short or absent so that the flowers appear fascicled; pedicels l.2–5(–7) cm. long, usually shortly tomentose like the axis and outside of calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx at first globose and ± 7 mm. in diameter, then rupturing irregularly into 2–5 lobes and reflexing.
    Corolla
    Petal 1, white, crinkled, densely rusty-pilose outside, glabrous inside, clawed, 2–3.6 cm. long, (1.8–)2.2–3 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens orange-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods hard, sausage-shaped, deep chestnut to black, indehiscent, (6–)8–30 cm. long, 1–2.3 cm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds 7–8 mm. long, 5–7 mm. wide, 3 mm. thick, pale brown, without aril or endosperm.
    Figures
    Fig. 50, p. 220.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland (Julbernardia-Brachystegia) and wooded grassland; 450–1280 m.
    Distribution
    Gambia to the Cameroun Republic, Congo Republic and Tanganyika, southwards to Mozambique, Rhodesia and South West Africa T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Bobgunnia madagascariensis (Desv.) J.H.Kirkbr. & Wiersema appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Gossweiler, J. [1394], Angola K001276252
    Jan 1, 1995 Gossweiler, J. [13659], Angola K000508682
    Smith, P.P. [1725], Zambia K000556953
    Sep 16, 1986 Aubréville, M. [s.n.], Mali Swartzia madagascariensis K000386661
    Cameroon Swartzia madagascariensis 48091.000
    Bullock, A.A. [1015], Zambia Swartzia madagascariensis 15506.000
    Welwitsch [586], Angola Swartzia madagascariensis K000555214
    Welwitsch [587], Angola Swartzia madagascariensis K000555215
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi Swartzia madagascariensis K000614836

    First published in Brittonia 49: 7 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Kirkbride, J. H. & Wiersema, J. H. (1997). Brittonia 49(1) :1-23. Bobgunnia, a new African genus...
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Aubreville, A. (1965). 9. Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora du Cameroun. Aubreville & Leroy
    • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
    • White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/