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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum litoraneum A.E.Gonç.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Type
    Type: Mozambique, Inhaca Is., fl. & fr. 30.ix.1957, Mogg 27597 (K, holotype; PRE; SRGH).
    General
    Small spreading shrub, occasionally climbing, often appearing ± dichotomously branched, 0.2–1 m high; hairs stellate, sessile to shortly stalked, ± regular, with the central ray very short and ± oblique; prickles yellow but sometimes fuscous or brownish upwards and less often so downwards too with age, shining, 1–5 mm long, 0.5–2.5 mm wide at the base, broadly based, laterally compressed, ± recurved, rarely straight and subulate particularly on leaves and calyx, often striate downwards, glabrous
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2.5–7 mm long, slender but thickened distally and very evidently so in fruit, hairy or subglabrous, unarmed or scarcely prickly, in fruit elongated to 15 (or more) mm, recurved
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments 0.5–1 mm long; anthers 3–4 × 0.5–1 mm, oblong to linear-lanceolate in outline, emarginate at both ends Stamen filaments 0.5–1 mm long; anthers 3–4 × 0.5–1 mm, oblong to linear-lanceolate in outline, emarginate at both ends.
    Ovary
    Ovary c.  1 mm in diameter, ± globose or ellipsoid.
    Style
    Style 5–9 mm long, exceeding the stamens, straight but usually ± recurved upwards, with stellate hairs from the base to halfway or more
    Fruits
    Fruit orange or red and shining when ripe, 0.9–1. 2 cm in diameter, globose Fruit orange or red and shining when ripe, 0.9–1.2 cm in diameter, globose.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± numerous, yellowish, shining, 3–3.5 × 2.5–3 mm, very compressed, reniform or lenticular, minutely reticulate all over Seeds ± numerous, yellowish, shining, 3–3.5 × 2.5–3 mm, very compressed, reniform or lenticular, minutely reticulate all over.
    Ecology
    Littoral vegetation of dunes in thicket with Diospyros, Suriana maritima and Pemphis acidula or edge of dense coastal bushland; sandy soils on recent sandstone formations.
    Distribution
    MOZ GI, MOZ M Mozambique Not known elsewhere.
    Habit
    Small spreading shrub, occasionally climbing, often appearing ± dichotomously branched, 0.2–1 m high; hairs stellate, sessile to shortly stalked, ± regular, with the central ray very short and ± oblique; prickles yellow but sometimes fuscous or brownish upwards and less often so downwards too with age, shining, 1–5 mm long, 0.5–2.5 mm wide at the base, broadly based, laterally compressed, ± recurved, rarely straight and subulate particularly on leaves and calyx, often striate downwards, glabrous.
    Branches
    Branches hairy at first, soon glabrescent, with scattered prickles. Branches hairy at first, soon glabrescent, with scattered prickles
    Leaves
    Leaves solitary, rarely appearing geminate, sometimes clustered at the ends of branches; petiole 2–8 mm long; lamina ± membranous, 1–6 × 0.5–4 cm, ovate to ± elliptic or oblong, rarely sub-orbicular or obovate, base from sub-truncate or ± rounded to cuneate and ± unequal-sided, sometimes decurrent into the petiole, apex obtuse or rounded, entire to sinuate-lobed, the few lobes entire and obtuse or rounded, with sparse hairs, rather more numerous beneath but mostly not overlapping on mature leaves, often prickly along the midrib mainly beneath, with 3–5 pairs of curved-ascending to straight lateral nerves. Leaves solitary, rarely appearing geminate, sometimes clustered at the ends of branches; petiole 2–8 mm long; lamina ± membranous, 1–6 × 0.5–4 cm, ovate to ± elliptic or oblong, rarely sub-orbicular or obovate, base from sub-truncate or ± rounded to cuneate and ± unequal-sided, sometimes decurrent into the petiole, apex obtuse or rounded, entire to sinuate-lobed, the few lobes entire and obtuse or rounded, with sparse hairs, rather more numerous beneath but mostly not overlapping on mature leaves, often prickly along the midrib mainly beneath, with 3–5 pairs of curved-ascending to straight lateral nerves
    Inflorescences
    Cymes appearing lateral, leaf-remote, unbranched or occasionally forked, racemiform or sub-umbelliform, 1.5–3 cm across, 2–10(14)-flowered, occasionally flowers solitary, densely to sparsely hairy, often ± prickly; peduncle 0–5 mm long; rhachis 2–25 mm long, with conspicuous scars left by the fallen flowers. Cymes appearing lateral, leaf-remote, unbranched or occasionally forked, racemiform or sub-umbelliform, 1. 5–3 cm across, 2–10(14)-flowered, occasionally flowers solitary, densely to sparsely hairy, often ± prickly; peduncle 0–5 mm long; rhachis 2–25 mm long, with conspicuous scars left by the fallen flowers
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite and fertile, 5-merous, ± erect or nodding; pedicels 2.5–7 mm long, slender but thickened distally and very evidently so in fruit, hairy or subglabrous, unarmed or scarcely prickly, in fruit elongated to 15 (or more) mm, recurved. Flowers hermaphrodite and fertile, 5-merous, ± erect or nodding.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long and 3–4 mm across, somewhat accrescent, campanulate, deeply lobed, hairy or subglabrous and ± prickly; lobes subequal, 1.5–2 × 1–1.2 mm, linear-lanceolate to triangular, acute or acuminate, in fruit enlarged to 6 × 2.5 mm, spreading or reflexed. Calyx 3–4 mm long and 3–4 mm across, somewhat accrescent, campanulate, deeply lobed, hairy or subglabrous and ± prickly; lobes subequal, 1. 5–2 × 1–1. 2 mm, linear-lanceolate to triangular, acute or acuminate, in fruit enlarged to 6 × 2.5 mm, spreading or reflexed
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish or mauve, widely campanulate-stelliform; limb 8–15 mm across; lobes 4–6 × 2–3.5 mm, ± ovate to narrowly triangular or oblong-elliptic, acute or acuminate, occasionally obtuse, ± densely hairy outside except for the interpetaline areas, glabrous or with few stellate hairs along the midrib inside, ± erect or spreading. Corolla whitish or mauve, widely campanulate-stelliform; limb 8–15 mm across; lobes 4–6 × 2–3.5 mm, ± ovate to narrowly triangular or oblong-elliptic, acute or acuminate, occasionally obtuse, ± densely hairy outside except for the interpetaline areas, glabrous or with few stellate hairs along the midrib inside, ± erect or spreading
    Pistil
    Ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, ± globose or ellipsoid; style 5–9 mm long, exceeding the stamens, straight but usually ± recurved upwards, with stellate hairs from the base to halfway or more.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique

    Other Data

    Solanum litoraneum A.E.Gonç. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1995 Mogg, A.O.D. [27597], Mozambique K000414072 holotype
    Dec 1, 1995 Mogg, A.O.D. [30362], Mozambique K000441882
    Dec 1, 1995 Gomes_e_Sousa, A.F. [4913], Mozambique K000441880
    Dec 1, 1995 Gomes_e_Sousa, A.F. [4913], Mozambique K000441881
    Mogg, A.O.D. [30362], Mozambique K000823119

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 52(3): 703 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Kew Bull. 52: 703, fig. 1 (1997).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0