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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum torreanum A.E.Gonç.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to Mpulamanga.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Type
    Type: Mozambique, Boane, fl. & fr. 27.iv.1969, Balsinhas 1466 (LISC, holotype; LMA).
    General
    Climbing perennial herb to small shrub 0.5–3 m high, often ± sub-dichotomously branched, armed; hairs stellate, small, sessile or shortly stalked, regular or irregular, shortly and thinly radiate, occasionally with a longer central ray; prickles yellowish to fuscous, sometimes somewhat rusty-red, shining, 2–7 mm long, 0.7–4 mm wide at the base, broad based, laterally compressed or only so downwards, strongly recurved to ± straight, striate downwards, smooth upwards, often quite glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves solitary, drying blackish; petiole 0.2–2.5 cm long; lamina membranous, 1–6 × 0.5–3.5 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, base truncate, sub-rounded or sub-cordate, rarely ± cuneate, unequal-sided, apex acute or obtuse, sinuate to deeply lobed, the lobes ovate or sub-triangular to nearly oblong, obtuse or sub-acute, entire to shortly lobulate, the terminal one longer, both surfaces with ± sparse stellate hairs and rarely also few minute, sessile glands, sometimes quite glabrous above, lower surface paler and more densely hairy when young, very often with a few straight or slightly curved prickles scattered along the nerves, mainly on the midrib beneath, with 3–4 pairs of curved-ascending lateral nerves Leaves solitary, drying blackish; petiole 0.2–2.5 cm long; lamina membranous, 1–6 × 0.5–3.5 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, base truncate, sub-rounded or sub-cordate, rarely ± cuneate, unequal-sided, apex acute or obtuse, sinuate to deeply lobed, the lobes ovate or sub-triangular to nearly oblong, obtuse or sub-acute, entire to shortly lobulate, the terminal one longer, both surfaces with ± sparse stellate hairs and rarely also few minute, sessile glands, sometimes quite glabrous above, lower surface paler and more densely hairy when young, very often with a few straight or slightly curved prickles scattered along the nerves, mainly on the midrib beneath, with 3–4 pairs of curved-ascending lateral nerves.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 7–16 mm long, filiform but thickened distally, with ± sparse hairs and a few short prickles, suberect, in fruit elongated to 18 mm, deflexed
    Corolla
    Corolla violet to lilacineous, 12–15 mm long, campanulate-stelliform or stelliform; limb 15–25(30) mm across; lobes 8–12 × 3–5.5 mm, oblong to ovate or narrowly triangular or lanceolate, acuminate, ± tomentose or hairy outside and glabrous or with a few stellate hairs along the midrib inside, recurved Corolla violet to lilacineous, 12–15 mm long, campanulate-stelliform or stelliform; limb 15–25(30) mm across; lobes 8–12 × 3–5.5 mm, oblong to ovate or narrowly triangular or lanceolate, acuminate, ± tomentose or hairy outside and glabrous or with a few stellate hairs along the midrib inside, recurved.
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments 0.7–1 mm long; anthers 6–8 × 1–1. 5 mm, oblong-linear or elliptic-lanceolate in outline, emarginate at both ends Stamen filaments 0.7–1 mm long; anthers 6–8 × 1–1.5 mm, oblong-linear or elliptic-lanceolate in outline, emarginate at both ends.
    Ovary
    Ovary 1–1. 3 mm in diameter or length, subglobose, glabrous.
    Style
    Style 12–16 mm long, exceeding the stamens, straight but recurved at the apex
    Fruits
    Fruit very shining, olivaceous or yellowish to deep red, drying blackish, 8–12 mm in diameter, globose Fruit very shining, olivaceous or yellowish to deep red, drying blackish, 8–12 mm in diameter, globose.
    Seeds
    Seeds shining, pale yellowish, ± numerous, 2.5–3.5 × 2–3 mm, very compressed, reniform or lenticular, minutely reticulate all over Seeds shining, pale yellowish, ± numerous, 2.5–3.5 × 2–3 mm, very compressed, reniform or lenticular, minutely reticulate all over.
    Ecology
    Acacia woodland and ruderal places on sandy or sandy-clayey soils; low altitudes.
    Distribution
    Also in South Africa (Mpumalanga). MOZ M Mozambique
    Habit
    Climbing perennial herb to small shrub 0.5–3 m high, often ± sub-dichotomously branched, armed; hairs stellate, small, sessile or shortly stalked, regular or irregular, shortly and thinly radiate, occasionally with a longer central ray; prickles yellowish to fuscous, sometimes somewhat rusty-red, shining, 2–7 mm long, 0.7–4 mm wide at the base, broad based, laterally compressed or only so downwards, strongly recurved to ± straight, striate downwards, smooth upwards, often quite glabrous.
    Branches
    Branches with a few stellate hairs, more abundant at the tips when young, occasionally reduced to the persistent stalk base when older, soon glabrescent, with scattered prickles. Branches with a few stellate hairs, more abundant at the tips when young, occasionally reduced to the persistent stalk base when older, soon glabrescent, with scattered prickles
    Inflorescences
    Cymes lateral, leaf-remote, unbranched, racemiform, 1.5–3.5 cm across, 2–8-flowered, occasionally the flowers solitary, with a few hairs and usually also some recurved prickles; peduncle 0–5(10) mm long; rhachis 3–20 mm long. Cymes lateral, leaf-remote, unbranched, racemiform, 1. 5–3.5 cm across, 2–8-flowered, occasionally the flowers solitary, with a few hairs and usually also some recurved prickles; peduncle 0–5(10) mm long; rhachis 3–20 mm long
    Flowers
    Flowers usually all hermaphrodite and fertile, 5-merous, laxly disposed; pedicels 7–16 mm long, filiform but thickened distally, with ± sparse hairs and a few short prickles, suberect, in fruit elongated to 18 mm, deflexed. Flowers usually all hermaphrodite and fertile, 5-merous, laxly disposed.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long and 4–7 mm across, ± campanulate, somewhat accrescent, deeply lobed, ± hairy to subglabrous and usually ± prickly; lobes ± unequal, 3–4 × 0.7–1 mm, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate and acuminate, in fruit enlarged to 7 × 2 mm. Calyx 4–5 mm long and 4–7 mm across, ± campanulate, somewhat accrescent, deeply lobed, ± hairy to subglabrous and usually ± prickly; lobes ± unequal, 3–4 × 0.7–1 mm, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate and acuminate, in fruit enlarged to 7 × 2 mm
    Pistil
    Ovary 1–1.3 mm in diameter or length, subglobose, glabrous; style 12–16 mm long, exceeding the stamens, straight but recurved at the apex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Northern Provinces

    Other Data

    Solanum torreanum A.E.Gonç. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 18, 2011 Pooley, E.S. [1672], South Africa K000441773
    Sep 1, 2010 Wyk, E. van [EVW157], South Africa K000441772
    Sep 1, 2010 Corbett, E.A. [s.n.], Swaziland K000441770
    Sep 1, 2010 Corbett, E.A. [s.n.], Swaziland K000441771
    Dec 1, 1995 Schäfer, P.A. [7270], Mozambique K000414071 paratype

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 52(3): 706 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Kew Bull. 52: 706, fig. 2 (1997).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0