1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anacamptis Rich.
      1. Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central & S. Greece to Aegean Islands.

    [O-EM]
    Biology

    The vegetation cycle follows the rhythm of the Mediterranean climate. If in late winter enough rain has fallen, the plant sprouts and by full spring the flower spikes have developed. It is not found in very dry areas close to coasts because it needs enough humidity during the vegetation period. Optimum development is reached at heights between 500 m and 1,400 m, but definitely not higher. The percentage of flowers setting seed is high, though it is an allogamous species.

    Distribution

    Anacamptis boryi is endemic to southern Greece. The main points of reproduction are found in the mountains of Crete and the Peloponnese with the presence of substantial mass populations. Outposts are to be found on various islands of the Cyclades and on the Sporades. There is a remarkable vicariant behavior of the distribution of Anacamptis moria that excludes the spreading of the species of the section Boryae almost completely. Up to now a common occurrence of Anacamptis boryi and Anacamptis morio is only known from the Sporades, where crossings of both species are also found.

    Ecology

    Anacamptis boryi is a typical species found in the extensive pasture areas in the sunny, warm regions of the Southern Aegean. Within the phrygana it inhabits the small open grassy places. Because animals often graze it, vegetative reproduction is rather common and can be recognised by the establishment of tufts. To grow well it needs a certain amount of humus in the soil, therefore it is mainly absent on stony ground. A superficial acidity above alkaline soil marks most places where plants are found; an especially strong development is observed over serpentine in central Crete.

    Threats

    Its small distribution area potentially endangers the species, the (still big) existing populations need special attention. The nature conservation authorities of Greece carry a special responsibility for the preservation of this species endemic to their country. Above all, the occurrences of small populations at outposts are extremely endangered because they can be destroyed quickly by local human interference. The large populations on the Peleponnese are endangered by the tendency to give up pastural agriculture. Therefore, the existing meadow biotopes are overrun by shrub and are converted over the course of the time by the succession into forest, in which the species cannot survive.Ü

    General Description

    Up to 12 strap-shaped, keeled leaves are predominantly arranged like a rosette at the base of the stem, the uppermost leaves vaginate the lower part of the relatively long pedicle. The flower spike is mainly only a little longer than broad, however it can be longer and more cylindrical in strong specimens. There is a loose arrangement of the individual flowers, which, as a particular sign open from the top downwards. The species can be recognised easily even during the bud phase as the buds are remarkably small, spherical to egg-shaped and coloured in a very dark violet.
    The thin spur of the weakly three lobed lip is approximately as long as the ovary, it points slightly downwards and continuously narrows towards the tip. The petals lean together to form a hood over the column, but those are clearly shorter than the sepals, which on the inside show a green flush along the veins, these however are hardly discernable due to the very dark basic colouring. All sepals are pointed and stand off from the flower leaning slightly back and pointing outwards.
    The diameter of the lip is rather variable and ranges from 7 to 12 mm. It normally shows remarkable colouration: from a very dark edge it becomes brighter and brighter towards the centre and base, which carries some very dark spots that contrast strongly with their bright surroundings.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    East Aegean Is., Greece, Kriti

    Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Greece Orchis boryi var. alba 77220.000
    Orchis boryi 70478.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [135], Greece Orchis boryi 40918.000
    Wood, J.J. [245], Greece Orchis boryi 39443.000
    Cribb, P. [236], Greece Orchis boryi 39993.000

    First published in Lindleyana 12: 120 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved