1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne.
      1. Amorphophallus barthlottii Ittenb. & Lobin

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Liberia, SW. Ivory Coast.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic
    Amorphophallus barthlottii is one of the smallest species in the genus and certainly the smallest of the African species. It was erroneously identified as A. staudtii (Engl.) N.E. Br. by Barthlott & Bogner (1981). A. barhlottii belongs to a group of species with a limited distribution in the very humid part of Liberia and the Ivory Coast. It has to be placed into the large African section with hairlike emergences at the base of the spathe tube, and is similar to A. johnsonii, A. calabaricus, A. zenkeri and A. staudtii. Basal inner side of the spathe with hair-like emergences; Spathe with a slight constriction, and tube vase-shaped; spathe limb margin broad and laterally to horizontally erect; staminate zone cylindrical.
    Distribution
    E Liberia, Ivory Coast (Tai Nationalpark and borderland)
    General Description
    Tuber globose or subglobose, 2-4 x 1.5-3 cm, surface whitish, probably not developing offsets. LEAF unknown. INFLORESCENCE: Cataphylls 3, 4-13 cm long, membranous, whitish to green with a touch of pink, the inner one longer than the peduncle. Inflorescence short-peduncled, appearing before the leaf; peduncle 5-9 cm long, half of it subterranean, 1.5-3 mm in diameter, smooth. Spathe erect, forming a conical bag 7-9 cm long and 3.5-4 cm in diameter, tube and limb separated by a shallow constriction; tube oblong-triangular in lateral view, 3.5-5.5 x 2.5-3.5 cm, cross section shape circular, outside whitish to dirty pinkish or greenish, inside purple to purplish brown, with very short (0.4-0.9 mm) loosely dispersed hairlike emergences, surface between emergences rough to papillose, unicoloured dark purple, veins somewhat raised: limb erect. 3-4 cm long, triangular-acute, inside and outside whitish to dirty pinkish, margin smooth to undulate and flushed with purple. Spadix stipitate for 1-3 cm. 8-13 cm long, slightly longer than spathe (1 : 0.7-0.9): pistillate zone cylindrical, l-l .5 cm long, 4-5 mm in diameter, flowers congested or slightly distant: staminate, one cylindrical. 1.3-2 mm long. 2.5-3.5 mm in diameter, flowers congested; appendix elongate-conical, acute. 5-9 cm long, base without constriction, equal in diameter to the staminate zone, surface rough to rugulose: ratio of pistillate to staminate zone length 0.7-0.8: staminodes absent; without sterile zone between staminate and pistillate zone. Staminate flowers l- l .5 mm long, with 2-4 stamens; filaments only 0.5 mm long, free; anthers free, elongate to ovoid; thecae ovoid, yellow, each with one apical circular pore. Pistillate flowers 3-3.5 mm long; ovaries globose to ovoid, 2 mm long and wide, green or greenish white, bilocular; stigma sessile, slightly 2-lobed. 1.5-2 mm in diameter. 1 mm long, circular in cross section. Pollen globular, inaperturate. c. 50 mm in diameter, exine smooth (psilate). INFRUCTESCENCE: unknown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ivory Coast, Liberia

    Amorphophallus barthlottii Ittenb. & Lobin appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1995 Baldwin, J.T. [11474], Liberia K000499377

    First published in Willdenowia 27: 147 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • Ittenbach, S. (2003). Revision der afrikanischen Arten de Gattung Amorphophallus (Araceae) Englera 25: 1-263.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Ittenbach, S. & Lobin, W. 1997. Notes on the gunus Amorphophallus (Araceae), 6: Six new species and two new subspecies from Africa Willdenowia. 27: 147-160

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0