Lobelia giberroa Hemsl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Zambia.

[FZ]

Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Plant 2–9 m. tall in flower, suckering from the base.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, 6–12 cm. thick and woody at the base, terete, hollow, ± pubescent above.
Morphology Leaves
Rosette–leaves of unflowered plant sessile, narrowly oblanceolate to oblong–ovate, 25–90 x 4–15 cm., acute to acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, pubescent beneath especially on the veins or glabrous, weakly pubescent or glabrous above; margin doubly serrate, dentate or denticulate; venation protruding beneath with costae in ± 30–40 pairs arising at an angle of 60–90° to the midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 1–3 m. long, dense, cylindrical, unbranched; pedicels 4–8 mm. long, pubescent, with two minute linear bracteoles; bracts linear to narrowly lanceolate, 25–75 x 2–4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium obovoid, ± truncate at the base, 10–nerved, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx–lobes narrowly triangular to linear, flat, 10–28 mm. long, entire, ± pubescent especially on the outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 25–35 mm. long, greenish or greenish white often tinged with blue or purple, split to the base on the back, ± pubescent on the outside at least at the apex, glabrous inside; two lateral petals linear, ± united with middle petals below; three middle petals united to form a lip with linear lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments linear, connate for most of their length, ± papillose at the margins, free from corolla.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther–tube (6)9–15 mm. long, the two lower anthers apically barbate, otherwise glabrous or occasionally pubescent on connectives.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary subinferior.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ±10 mm. long, 10–nerved, pubescent, crowned by the hardening calyx–lobes and with two short valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds elliptic–oblong in outline, compressed, narrowly winged, ± 0–8 mm. long, finely striate, pale brown.

[FTEA]

Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

Morphology General Habit
Plant 2–9 m. tall in flower, suckering from the base.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, 6–12 cm. thick and woody at the base, terete, hollow, ± pubescent above.
Morphology Leaves
Rosette-leaves of non-flowering plant sessile, narrowly oblanceolate to oblong-ovate, 25–90 cm. long, 4–19 cm. wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, pubescent beneath especially on the veins or glabrous, weakly pubescent or glabrous above; margin doubly serrate, dentate or denticulate; venation protruding beneath with main lateral nerves in ± 30–40 pairs arising at an angle of 60–90° to the midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 1–3 m. long, dense, cylindrical, unbranched; pedicels 4–8 mm. long, pubescent, with 2 minute linear bracteoles; bracts linear to narrowly lanceolate, 25–75 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium obovoid, ± truncate at the base, 10-nerved, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular to linear, 10–28 mm. long, entire, ± pubescent especially on the outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 25–35 mm. long, greenish or greenish white, often tinged with blue or purple, split to the base on the back, pubescent on the outside at least at the apex, glabrous inside; two lateral petals linear, ± united with middle petals below; three middle petals united to form a lip with linear lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments connate for most of their length, ± densely papillose at the margins, free from corolla.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther-tube (6–)9–15 mm. long; 2 lower anthers apically barbate, otherwise glabrous, or occasionally pubescent on connectives.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary subinferior.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 10–15 mm. long, 10-nerved, pubescent, crowned by the hardening calyx-lobes and with 2 short valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds elliptic-oblong in outline, compressed, narrowly winged, ± 0.8 mm. long, finely striate, pale brown.
Habitat
Upland, often secondary, forest, forest edges, stream sides or swamp edges; 1200–3000 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2

Native to:

Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Lobelia giberroa Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2012 Luke, WRQ. [11377], Tanzania K000823755 No
Jan 1, 1988 Whyte, A. [306], Malawi K000228572 Unknown type material Yes
Geilenger, H. [5], Tanzania 11605.000 No
Ash [215], Ethiopia 15077.003 No
Bally, P.R.O. [7986], Kenya 17391.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [11000], Tanzania 28439.000 No
Volkens, G. [1501], Tanzania K000228488 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228497 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228496 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228498 Unknown type material Yes
Volkens, G. [1501], Tanzania K000228489 isotype Yes
Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228495 Unknown type material Yes

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 465 (1877)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 515, fig. (1974).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 86 (1948).
  • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 38, t. 17/3 (1908).
  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 154 (1936).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1057 (1965).
  • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 276 b: 670 (1953).
  • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 276 c: 885 (1968).
  • E.A. Bruce in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1934: 79 (1934).
  • Engl. in Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891: 409 (1892).
  • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 344 (1911).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 73 (1956).
  • Hauman in Mém. Inst. Roy. Col. Belg. 8°, 2: 8, 28, t. 3,4 (1934).
  • Hemsl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 465 (1877).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 267 (1949).
  • Mabberley in Kew Bulletin 29: 565 (1974)
  • R.E. & T.C.E. Fries in Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 16: 397, fig. 3 a–d (1922).
  • R.E. Fries in Karsten & Schenk, Veget. Bild. 16: 37/ A (1925).
  • R.E. Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1: 316 (1916).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 411 (1947).
  • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7 (1): 120, t. 121 (1983).

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