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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Nephrolepis biserrata

[FWTA]

Davalliaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial or epiphytic
Ecology
In secondary forest, plantations and swamps; up to 1, 000 ft. alt.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Pakistan

Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2009 Sasaki, D. [2574], Mato Grosso K000579849
Mar 1, 2003 Lee, B. [S55707], Malaysia K000084200
Mar 1, 2003 Lee, B. [S55707], Malaysia K000084201
Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083916
Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [128], Malaysia K000083918
Jan 1, 2003 Murata, G. [B4529], Indonesia K000084177
Jan 1, 2003 Murata, G. [B4529], Indonesia K000084178
Jan 1, 2003 Kato, M. [B7009], Indonesia K000084181
Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [139], Brunei K000084197
Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [16], Brunei K000084198
Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084202
Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084204
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [4747], Peru K000200107
Jan 1, 2003 Murata, G. [B4529], Indonesia K000084179
Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [33], Brunei K000084199
Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [128], Malaysia K000083919
Jan 1, 2003 Gay, H.J. [401], Papua New Guinea K000084521
Jan 1, 2003 Kato, M. [B7009], Indonesia K000084180
Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084203
Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083917
Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [49], Brunei K000084196
Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084205
Jan 1, 2003 Mjöberg, E. [2], Malaysia K000084193
Aug 21, 2001 Mitchell, B.A. [64], Christmas I. K000115122
Aug 21, 2001 Mitchell, B.A. [64], Christmas I. K000115123
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2748], Cameroon K000109205
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8325], Cameroon K000109176
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2561], Cameroon K000109206
Feb 21, 2001 Hoare, A. [77], Malaysia K000448026
Feb 21, 2001 Hoare, A. [77], Malaysia K000448025
Apr 1, 1998 Acworth, J.M. [207], Cameroon K000360115
Dec 1, 1996 Anarima [1105], Indonesia K000084606
Dec 1, 1996 Ellen, R.F. [665], Indonesia K000084607
Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [5746], Cameroon K000518803
Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [5073], Cameroon K000011758
Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084563
Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084561
Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084562
Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084564
Aug 18, 1987 Du Puy, D.J. [CI8], Christmas I. K000084133
Aug 18, 1987 Du Puy, D.J. [CI8], Christmas I. K000084134
Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [455], Christmas I. K000084136
Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [455], Christmas I. K000084137
Aug 18, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [169a], Christmas I. K000084140
Aug 18, 1987 Andrews, C.W. [85], Christmas I. K000084143
Aug 18, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [169], Christmas I. K000084142
Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [455], Christmas I. K000084138
Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [112], Christmas I. K000084139
Aug 18, 1987 Molesworth Allen, B. [P11], Christmas I. K000084135
Aug 18, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [169], Christmas I. K000084141
Jul 24, 1986 Vore, de [6], Philippines K000084402
Jul 24, 1986 Vore, de [79], Philippines K000084403
Aug 15, 1985 Samat b. Abdullah, A. [116], Malaysia K000083934
Aug 15, 1985 Price, M.G. [1221], Philippines K000084393
Aug 15, 1985 Meijer, W. [213], Indonesia K000084159
Aug 15, 1985 Purseglove, J.W. [4845], Malaysia K000084186
Aug 15, 1985 Foreman, D.B. [NGF45984], Papua New Guinea K000084490
Aug 15, 1985 Price, M.G. [1221], Philippines K000084394
Aug 15, 1985 Leach, G. [NGF34326], Papua New Guinea K000084491
Oct 1, 1976 Sands, M.J.S. [2967], Papua New Guinea K000084544
Oct 1, 1976 Sands, M.J.S. [2967], Papua New Guinea K000084545
Jan 1, 1975 Soenarko, S. [271], Indonesia K000084221
Jan 1, 1968 Abbe, L.B. [10266], Malaysia K000084187
Apr 12, 1967 Ernst, A. [434a], Indonesia K000084161
Jan 1, 1966 Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083933
Jan 1, 1965 Dissing, H. [2022], Papua New Guinea K000084546
Jul 3, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [1a], Philippines K000084395
Sep 1, 1958 Anderson, J.A.R. [8089], Malaysia K000084189
Jan 1, 1958 Borssum Waalkes, J. v. [845], Indonesia K000084152
Dec 16, 1957 Lörzing, J.A. [12512], Indonesia K000084128
Nov 1, 1941 Asdat [3], Indonesia K000084129
Apr 1, 1939 Buwalda, P. [5116], Indonesia K000084217
Jan 1, 1936 Lütjeharms, W.J. [5153], Indonesia K000084126
Jan 1, 1930 Endert, F.H. [1973], Indonesia K000084170
Jan 1, 1929 Endert, F.H. [1713], Indonesia K000084175
Jan 1, 1929 Lam, H.J. [2521], Indonesia K000084218
Jan 1, 1929 Lam, H.J. [3409], Indonesia K000084223
Jan 1, 1929 Lam, H.J. [3409], Indonesia K000084224
Jan 1, 1926 Lütjeharms, W.J. [3855], Indonesia K000084131
Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [7000], Indonesia K000084145
Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [7764], Indonesia K000084149
Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [6804], Indonesia K000084147
[Unknown] [297] K000435700
Korthals, P.W. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084166
Dr. King's Collector [4955], Malaysia K000083910
Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083920
Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083921
Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083922
Edwards, P.J. [1676], Malaysia K000083926
Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083930
Piggott, A.G. [1414], Malaysia K000083937
Piggott, A.G. [1496], Malaysia K000083938
Piggott, A.G. [1496], Malaysia K000083939
Piggott, A.G. [1417], Malaysia K000083940
Piggott, A.G. [1495], Malaysia K000083941
Piggott, A.G. [1495], Malaysia K000083942
Gay, H.J. [676], Papua New Guinea K000084501
Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000084506
Croft, J.R. [458], Papua New Guinea K000084507
Croft, J.R. [458], Papua New Guinea K000084508
Foreman, D [NGF45939A], Papua New Guinea K000084509
Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084510
Amuku, G. [UPNG95], Papua New Guinea K000084514
Albertis, L.M. d' [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000084515
Kanis, A. [1029], Papua New Guinea K000084516
Croft, J.R. [686], Papua New Guinea K000084517
Croft, J.R. [686], Papua New Guinea K000084518
Carr, C.E. [11481], Papua New Guinea K000084519
McDonald [4795], Indonesia K000084368
Cuming, H. [291], Philippines K000084388
Vore, de [86], Philippines K000084390
Iwatsuki, k. [S288], Indonesia K000084125
Bartlett, H.H. [6417], Indonesia K000084127
Everett, A.H. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084144
Kregten, T.O. van [69], Indonesia K000084151
Pleyte, D.R. [13], Indonesia K000084158
Blume, C.L. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084160
McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084162
McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084164
Vriese, W.H. de [55], Indonesia K000084167
Giesen, W. [32], Indonesia K000084169
Amjah [1048], Indonesia K000084176
Iwatsuki, k. [B155], Indonesia K000084182
Clemens [5068], Malaysia K000084188
Richards, P.W. [2649], Malaysia K000084191
Richards, P.W. [2649], Malaysia K000084192
Collman, J.R. [818], Brunei K000084195
Comber, H.F. [4067], Malaysia K000084206
Comber, H.F. [4067], Malaysia K000084208
Clemens, M.S. [9484], Malaysia K000084209
Shea, G. [77189], Malaysia K000084210
Shea, G. [77189], Malaysia K000084211
Hennipman, E. [5540a], Indonesia K000084212
Parris, B.S. [11060], Indonesia K000084215
Elmer, A.D.E. [16597], Philippines K000084396
Cuming, H. [22], Philippines K000084398
Piggott, A.G. [1665], Philippines K000084399
Price, M.G. [2459], Philippines K000084404
Nooteboom, H.P. [5769], Indonesia K000084485
Docters van Leeuwen, W.M. [10968], Indonesia K000084487
Kloss, C.B. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084488
Vink, W. [12055A], Indonesia K000084489
Hoogland, R.D. [8916], Papua New Guinea K000084493
Hoogland, R.D. [8916], Papua New Guinea K000084494
Kerenga, K. [LAE56750], Papua New Guinea K000084498
Parris, B.S. [9207], Papua New Guinea K000084526
Parris, B.S. [9208], Papua New Guinea K000084527
Parris, B.S. [9208], Papua New Guinea K000084528
Parris, B.S. [9208], Papua New Guinea K000084529
Croft, J.R. [1991], Papua New Guinea K000084536
Croft, J.R. [1965], Papua New Guinea K000084538
Croft, J.R. [1965], Papua New Guinea K000084539
Croft, J.R. [1965], Papua New Guinea K000084540
Croft, J.R. [1161A], Papua New Guinea K000084541
Croft, J.R. [1161A], Papua New Guinea K000084542
Croft, J.R. [1161A], Papua New Guinea K000084543
Brass, L.J. [28797], Papua New Guinea K000084547
Lai, S.T. [S77093], Malaysia K000115113
Mitchell, B.A. [53], Christmas I. K000115120
Mitchell, B.A. [53], Christmas I. K000115121
Takeuchi, W. [16815], Papua New Guinea K000475610
Takeuchi, W. [16815], Papua New Guinea K000475612
Takeuchi, W., et. al [22460], Papua New Guinea K000608163
Idjan [330], Indonesia K000084222
Croft, J.R. [1161B], Papua New Guinea K000084548
Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083932
Carr, C.E. [11481], Papua New Guinea K000084520
Henderson, M.R. [20219], Indonesia K000084148
Argent, G. [NGBF1037], Papua New Guinea K000084505
Elmer, A.D.E. [6145], Philippines K000084391
Moseley, H.N. [s.n.], Philippines K000408003
Cuming, H. [22], Philippines K000084392 Unknown type material
McDonald [4795], Indonesia K000084448
Vriese, W.H. de [55], Indonesia K000084165
Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084534
Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084532
Edwards, P.J. [1676], Malaysia K000083925
Kato, M. [B6338], Indonesia K000084173
McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084450
Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084513
Kregten, T.O. van [69], Indonesia K000084150
La Croix, I.F. [5000], Congo K000501442
Smith, E. [1728], Indonesia K000084220
Raddi, G. [29] K000590570 Unknown type material
Dr. King's Collector [165], Malaysia K000083911
Reeve, T.M. [602], Papua New Guinea K000084504
Clemens, J. [22169], Malaysia K000084190
Elmer, A.D.E. [22036], Philippines K000084397
McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084451
Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083927
Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083928
Parris, B.S. [10619], Malaysia K000083923
Gardette, E. [395], Indonesia K000421045
Fryar, D. [4028], Papua New Guinea K000084492
Piggott, A.G. [2256], Philippines K000084389
Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084533
Takeuchi, W. [16815], Papua New Guinea K000475611
Matthew, C.G [s.n.], Malaysia K000083914
Gay, H.J. [676], Papua New Guinea K000084499
Frodin, D.G. [2574], Papua New Guinea K000084497
Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083929
Smith, E. [2727], Indonesia K000084219
Merrill, E.D. [725], Philippines K000084405
Pleyte, D.R. [13], Indonesia K000084153
Iwatsuki, k. [B713], Indonesia K000084184
La Croix, I.F. [4979], Congo K000501446
Smith, E. [832], Malaysia K000083924
Croft, J.R. [1161B], Papua New Guinea K000084549
Mactier, W.F. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083912
Wyatt Smith, J. [76364], Malaysia K000083935
Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084512
Iwatsuki, k. [S288], Indonesia K000084124
Lörzing, J.A. [13031], Indonesia K000084130
Parris, B.S. [9207], Papua New Guinea K000084525
Wiriadinata, H. [275], Indonesia K000084172
Nooteboom, H.P. [5769], Indonesia K000084484
Blume, C.L. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084155
McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084163
Comber, H.F. [4067], Malaysia K000084207
Iwatsuki, k. [B713], Indonesia K000084185
Parris, B.S. [11060], Indonesia K000084216
Edaño, G.E. [35884], Philippines K000084400
Edaño, G.E. [35865], Philippines K000084401
Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [1662], Indonesia K000084146
Gay, H.J. [676], Papua New Guinea K000084500
Collman, J.R. [818], Brunei K000084194
Parris, B.S. [9600], Papua New Guinea K000084522
Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084531
Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083931
Parris, B.S. [4190], Papua New Guinea K000084530
Savinierre, E. de la [1135], Indonesia K000084157
Frodin, D.G. [2574], Papua New Guinea K000084496
Giesen, W. [32], Indonesia K000084168
Hassan [23], Malaysia K000083936
Iwatsuki, k. [B155], Indonesia K000084183
Takeuchi, W., et. al [23250], Papua New Guinea K000608237
Iwatsuki, k. [S173], Indonesia K000084132
Parris, B.S. [9600], Papua New Guinea K000084524
Chipp, T.F. [5957], Singapore K000083944
Hallier, J.G. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084156
Hoogland, R.D. [8916], Papua New Guinea K000084495
McDonald [4795], Indonesia K000084449
Croft, J.R. [1991], Papua New Guinea K000084535
Othman, H. [S55187], Malaysia K000360130
Blackwood, B. [205], Papua New Guinea K000084503
Zollinger, H. [146], Indonesia K000084154
Croft, J.R. [1991], Papua New Guinea K000084537
Parris, B.S. [11060], Indonesia K000084214
Matthew, C.G [s.n.], Malaysia K000083915
Parris, B.S. [9600], Papua New Guinea K000084523
Mactier, W.F. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083913
Vink, W. [12055], Indonesia K000084486
Blackwood, B. [205], Papua New Guinea K000084502
Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084511
Wiriadinata, H. [275], Indonesia K000084171
Hennipman, E. [5540a], Indonesia K000084213
Jan 4, 1983 Carr., C.E. [12091], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084755
Jan 4, 1983 Craven, L.A. [1054], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084756
Jan 4, 1983 Craven, L.A. [1054], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084757
Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084760
Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084762
Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084765
Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084763
Jan 4, 1983 Carr., C.E. [12091], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084754
Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084764
Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084761
Jan 1, 1908 Versteeg, G.M. [1017], Indonesia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084752
Jan 1, 1908 Versteeg, G.M. [1017], Indonesia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084749 Unknown type material
Parris, B.S. [5648], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084472
Parris, B.S. [5648], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084473
Elmer, A.D.E. [17700], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084474
Edaño, G.E. [38567], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084475
Lagrimas, M. [37403], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084476
Merrill, E.D. [4028], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084477
Elmer, A.D.E. [9859], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084479
Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084366
Parris, B.S. [4182], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084751
Parris, B.S. [4181], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084753
Croft, J.R. [1094], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084759
Martelino, A. [35513], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084480
Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084367
Croft, J.R. [1094], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084758
Copeland, E.B. [629], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084478
Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084365
Parris, B.S. [4182], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084750
Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084364
s.coll. [Cat. no. 281] Polypodium glabrum K001109702
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 281], Myanmar Polypodium glabrum K001109701
s.coll. [Cat. no. 281], Mauritius Polypodium glabrum K001109703
Veitch, J. [s.n.] Nephrolepis falcata f. furcans K001092490
Veitch, J. [s.n.] Nephrolepis falcata f. furcans K001092491
Jan 1, 1930 Genderen Stort, P. van [542], Indonesia Nephrolepis pilosula K000084370 Unknown type material

First published in Gen. Fil.: t. 3 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2021). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 3: 1-450. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Herrera, K., Lorence, D.H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M.J. (2010). Checklist of the Vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses Allertonia 10: 1-204.
  • Loc, P.K. & al. (2019). A checklist of pteridophytes collected on Cham Chu mountains and adjacent sites Journal of Biology. Hanoi, Vietnam 41: 75-89.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gen. Fil. sub t. 3 (1834)
  • Sim F.S.A. 125 t.35 (1915)
  • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28 : 154.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2021). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 3: 1-450. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Herrera, K., Lorence, D.H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M.J. (2010). Checklist of the Vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses Allertonia 10: 1-204.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/