Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.

Coptosperma littorale (Hiern) Degreef

This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

[FZ]

Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–9.6 m tall, glabrous; young branches square in section, covered with off- white to very pale grey bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades 3–10 × 1.3–6 cm, ovate to sometimes obovate, occasionally oblanceolate to narrowly oblanceolate, rounded to obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, coriaceous, dark green and shiny above, paler beneath, with recurved margins; lateral nerves in c. 5 main pairs; tertiary nerves rather coarsely reticulate, not raised above, usually raised and/or drying dark below; domatia as conspicuous depressions lined with hairs often prominent on upper surface; petiole 0.4–1.4 cm long; stipules brownish when dry, 0.5–1 cm long, ovate to triangular, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, sessile or pedunculate (i.e. supporting leaves small or fallen), congested, corymbose; primary inflorescence branches 3 or sometimes 1 if lateral pair absent, 1.2–2.5 cm long; pedicels absent or very short; bracteoles subtending the calyx tube, opposite with 2 or 4 small scale-like to shortly subulate lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube not exceeding 0.75(1) mm long; limb up to 0.5 mm long, divided almost to base into rounded teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla whitish; tube narrowly funnel-shaped, 3–4 mm long, glabrous outside, sparsely hairy inside; lobes 1.75–3 × c. 1 mm, ± oblong, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Placenta
Placenta small, bearing 2–3 pendulous ovules.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit black when dry, 5–7 × 4–6 mm, spherical or slightly longer than wide, 1-seeded; calyx limb persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed blackish-brown, spherical, 4 mm in diameter, finely reticulate; hilar cavity small, irregular; endosperm deeply ruminate.

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–9.6 m. tall, glabrous; young branches square, covered with off-white to very pale grey bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate to sometimes obovate, occasionally oblanceolate to narrowly oblanceolate, 3–10 cm. long, 1.3–6 cm. wide, rounded to obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, coriaceous, dark green and shiny above, paler beneath; tertiary nerves not raised above; domatia as conspicuous depressions lined with hairs; petiole 0.4–1.4 cm. long; stipules brownish when dry, ovate to triangular, 0.5–1 cm. long, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, usually sessile, forming a congested corymbose panicle; primary inflorescence-branches 1.2–2.5 cm. long; pedicels absent or very short; bracteoles small, scale-like to shortly subulate, always present at the base of the calyx-tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube not exceeding 0.75(–1) mm. long; limb up to 0.5 mm. long, divided almost to base into rounded teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla whitish; tube narrowly funnel-shaped, 3–4 mm. long, glabrous outside, sparsely hairy inside; lobes ± oblong, 1.75–3 mm. long, ± 1 mm. wide, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Placenta small, bearing 2–3 pendulous ovules. Fruit black when ripe, spherical or slightly longer than wide, 5–7 mm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, 1-locular, 1-seeded; calyx-limb persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed blackish brown, spherical, 4 mm. in diameter, finely reticulate; hilar cavity small, irregular; endosperm deeply ruminate.
Habitat
Coastal bushland or foreshore; 0–105 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 Z

Native to:

Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Coptosperma littorale (Hiern) Degreef appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000411721 lectotype Yes
Forbes [s.n.] K000411722 Yes
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000411723 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1302], Tanzania K000411735 Yes
Tanzania K000411736 Yes
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000411737 Yes

First published in Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71: 376 (2001 publ. 2002)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0