Potamogeton lucens L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 126 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Philippines. It is a hydrosubshrub and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madagascar, Manchuria, Marianas, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 17: 1-298. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Czerepanov, S.K. (1995). Vascular Plants of Russia and Adjacent States (The Former USSR): 1-516. Cambridge University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2001). Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia 1: 1-411. Science Publishers, Inc. Enfield, USA. Plymouth, U.K.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Ekşi, G., Güner, I. & Çimen, A.Ö. (eds.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Türkiye) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit. Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1985). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 3. revised edition. Sommerfeltia 1: 5-103.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1978). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 1: 1-154. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Jumelle, H. (1950). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 21-22 Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Komiljon, T., Natalya, B., Avazbek, B., Dilnoza, A., Ziyoviddin, Y., Deng, T. & Sun, H. (2020). Flora of the Dzhizak Province, Uzbekistan: 1-523. China Forestry Publishing House.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. (ed.) (2000). Flora of Siberia 1: 1-189. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Maire, R. (1952). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 1: 1-366. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Nikitina, E.V. & Protopopov, G.F. (eds.) (1952). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 1: 1-103. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Nikolin, E.G. (2020). Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii: 1-895. Moskva : Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK Novosibirsk "Nauka".
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2002). Flora Malesiana 16: 1-224. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Rechinger. K.H. (1971). Flora Iranica 78-86 Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sapir, Y., Shmida, A. & Fragman, O. (2003). Constructing Red Numbers for setting conservation priorities of endangered plant species: Israeli flora as a test case. Journal for Nature Conservation 11: 1-17.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Starchenko, V.M., Darman, G.F. & Bolotova, Y.V. (2008). Floristic records in the Amur region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 93: 476-481.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1985). Flora of Iraq 8: 1-440. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Zhao, Y.Z., Zhao, L.Q. & Rui, C. (eds.) (2019). Flora Intramongolica, edition 3, 6: 1-619. Typis Intramongolicae popularis, Huhhot.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 17: 1-298. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2001). Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia 1: 1-411. Science Publishers, Inc. Enfield, USA. Plymouth, U.K.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Ekşi, G., Güner, I. & Çimen, A.Ö. (eds.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Türkiye) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit. Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1985). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 3. revised edition. Sommerfeltia 1: 5-103.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1978). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 1: 1-154. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Jumelle, H. (1950). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 21-22 Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. (ed.) (2000). Flora of Siberia 1: 1-189. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Maire, R. (1952). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 1: 1-366. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Nikitina, E.V. & Protopopov, G.F. (eds.) (1952). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 1: 1-103. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2002). Flora Malesiana 16: 1-224. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Rechinger. K.H. (1971). Flora Iranica 78-86 Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Starchenko, V.M., Darman, G.F. & Bolotova, Y.V. (2008). Floristic records in the Amur region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 93: 476-481.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1985). Flora of Iraq 8: 1-440. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2002 Gorski, S.B. [s.n.] Lithuania K000099854 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Besser [s.n.] Lithuania K000203573 Isolectotype Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Besser [s.n.] Lithuania K000203575 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Besser [s.n.] Lithuania K000203577 Isolectotype Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Besser [s.n.] Lithuania K000203576 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Besser [s.n.] Lithuania K000203578 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Gorski, S.B. [2401] Lithuania K000099853 Type Yes
Mameev, S. [476] K003905587 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088178 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088103 No
[W. L. Nosenell] [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088058 No
Vine, R.S. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088146 No
Tiselius, G. [s.n.] Sweden K003088162 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088135 No
Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088065 No
Clarke, C.B. [781] United Kingdom K003088110 No
Hall, P.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088060 No
[Imment] [390] K003905173 No
Schuette, J.H. [10.5.133] United States K003907710 No
Wallace, E.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088111 No
Wheldon, J.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088131 No
Hubbard, C.E. [11634] United Kingdom K003088085 No
Brenan, J.P.M. [3680] United Kingdom K003088056 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088057 No
Baagoe, J. [s.n.] Denmark K003088154 No
Dybowski, B. [s.n.] Lithuania K003088168 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088120 No
Stapf [s.n.] Austria K003088180 No
Maynard, E. [1227] United Kingdom K003088062 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [2998] United Kingdom K003088063 No
[F. Fettwlp] [s.n.] K003088174 No
Billups, C.R. [1590] United Kingdom K003088122 No
Meikle, R.D. [202] United Kingdom K003088143 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Portugal K003905509 Yes
Thomas [s.n.] K003088184 No
Monttord, H.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088091 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088084 No
Airy Shaw, H.K. [4786] United Kingdom K003088128 No
Brotherston, A. [1227] United Kingdom K003088141 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088076 No
Tiselius, G. [s.n.] Sweden K003088161 No
s.coll [5605/4] Afghanistan K001613231 No
Caspary, R. [4267] Germany K003088287 No
Caspary, R. [4274] Germany K001691404 No
Parker, M.; Cubitt, M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088113 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088134 No
Tiselius, G. [s.n.] Sweden K003088165 No
Borel, J.M. [s.n.] K003088156 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088139 No
Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] K003905590 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [s.n] France K003088158 No
Lebrun, J. [s.n.] Belgium K003088175 No
Caspary, R. [4266] K001613228 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088145 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Lithuania K003088171 No
Smith, N.J.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088138 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088169 No
Dandy, J.E. [792] United Kingdom K003088098 No
[W. W. Reeby] [1227a] United Kingdom K003088095 No
Boner [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088105 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088073 No
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088075 No
Potanin, G.N. [s.n.] Mongolia K003905589 Yes
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088124 No
[R. Plinth] [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088130 No
Denny, P. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088071 No
Hobson [s.n.] K003088172 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088170 No
[E. D. Maynard]; Goddard, H.J. [1227] United Kingdom K003088061 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088114 No
Montford, H.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088093 No
Hunt, T.C. [s.n.] Portugal K003905508 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088121 No
Borel, J.M. [s.n.] France K003088155 No
Turrill, W.B. (Dr.) [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088127 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Norway K003088183 No
Shaw, H.K.A.; Jackson, A.K. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088082 No
Berger, E. [s.n.] Switzerland K003088153 No
[Diornede] [s.n.] France K003088159 No
Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088064 No
Dandy, J.E. [1197] United Kingdom K003088087 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088173 No
Fraser, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088106 No
Hall, T.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088102 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088079 No
Whellan, J.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088132 No
Brenan, J.P.M. [6092] United Kingdom K003088070 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088149 No
Sandwith, C.I.; Sandwith, N.Y. [829] United Kingdom K003088118 No
Pearsall, W.H. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088080 No
Granitov [s.n.] K003905591 Yes
Dandy, J.E. [911] United Kingdom K003088101 No
Besser [s.n.] Lithuania K000203574 Type Yes
s.coll. [122] United Kingdom K003088144 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088150 No
Hubbard, C.E. [12290] United Kingdom K003088086 No
Guns, M. [s.n.] K003088157 No
Philcox, D. [2279] United Kingdom K003088072 No
Anderson; [J. E. Wm] [s.n.] K003088167 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5176] K001120057 Unknown Type Material Yes
Tiselius, G. [s.n.] Sweden K003088166 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5176] K001120059 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [12290] United Kingdom K003088088 No
Kruuk, H.; Westra, L.Y.T. [619] Netherlands K003088152 No
Dovaston, H.F. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088133 No
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088074 No
Reddy (Mrs.) [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088147 No
Baber, H. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088112 No
Fr. [L/H]aurs [s.n.] Norway K003088182 No
Hosking, A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088126 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Portugal K003905510 Yes
Hall, P.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088078 No
Reitmayer, J. [s.n.] Czech Republic K003088148 No
Meikle, R.D. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088142 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5176] K001120058 Unknown Type Material Yes
Tiselius, G. [s.n.] Sweden K003088164 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088077 No
Fryer, A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088097 No
Hunt, T.C. [s.n.] Portugal K003905511 Yes
Hunnybun, E.W.; Britton, C.E. [169813] United Kingdom K003088089 No
Smith, N.J.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088137 No
Ley, A. [1698] United Kingdom K003088119 No
Hall, P.M. [1067] United Kingdom K003088067 No
Denny, P. [478] United Kingdom K003088117 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088129 No
Philcox, D. [2304] United Kingdom K003088081 No
Schreuk [s.n.] K003905592 Yes
Melville, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088125 No
Taylor, P.G. [1113] United Kingdom K003088066 No
Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088104 No
[illegible] [s.n.] Kazakhstan K003905593 Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [3741] United Kingdom K003088069 No
Shaw, H.K.A.; Jackson, A.K. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088083 No
[Karalkaff]; [Kranfs] [s.n.] K003905586 Yes
Bambert [s.n.] Switzerland K003088181 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088100 No
s.coll. [1126] United Kingdom K003088107 No
Pin, C. [s.n.] France K003088151 No
Waterfall, W.B. [1227a] United Kingdom K003088096 No
Turrill, W.B. (Dr.) [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088090 No
Gibbons, H.J.; White, J.W. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088109 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003088176 No
[Bryuh Tryfi] [s.n.] Norway K003088177 No
Hall, P.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088068 No
Holmquist, I.; Tiselius, G. [60] Sweden K003088163 No
Melville, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088092 No
Levanto, T. [s.n.] Finland K003088179 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088140 No
Devis, H.F. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088059 No
{Dimitri} [s.d.] K003905585 Yes
Sheldon, F.J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088123 No
Taylor, G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088099 No
Mameev, S. [476] K003905588 Yes
Mann, R.J. [1126] United Kingdom K003088094 No
Bangor [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088136 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003088108 No
Gamble, J.S. [s.n.] France K003088160 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images