Erythroxylum P.Browne

First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.


Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Guinea-Bissau, Kazan-retto, Taiwan


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 273.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Hist. Jam.: 278 (1756).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)
  • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 134 (1907)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 31, 2017 Tredwell; Hahn [109] Peru K001611451 Yes
Jan 1, 2009 Sasaki, D.; Pedroga, J.A.; Corrêa, T.R.; Piva, J.H. [1291] Brazil K000579278 Yes
Jan 1, 1982 Gardner [3056] Brazil K000426842 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1982 Gardner [3056] Brazil K000426843 Type Yes
Dec 19, 1957 Walker, F.S.; White, C.T. [156] Solomon Islands K000700855 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dec 18, 1957 s.coll. [s.n.] K000700862 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dec 18, 1957 s.coll. [s.n.] K000700863 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lucas, E.J. [661] Brazil K001201595 Yes
Ribeiro, R.D. [1308] Brazil K001201645 Yes
Nee, M. [34803] Brazil K001201600 Yes
Burchell [5107] Brazil K001201491 Yes
Hora, M.J. [93] Brazil K001201605 Yes
Marcon, A.B. [146] Brazil K001201587 Yes
Blackburn, J. [s.n.] K000435115 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M.; Pastore, J.F.B.; Suganama, E. [55739] Brazil K001201657 Yes
Plowman, T.; Araujo, D. [13937] Brazil K001201252 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0473] Brazil K001201603 Yes
Neto, S.J.S. [502] Brazil K001201637 Yes
Baron, R. [5832] Madagascar K000435100 Unknown Type Material Yes
Prance, G.T. [59021] Brazil K001201358 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [1576] Brazil K001201643 Yes
Torke, B.M.; Giacomin, L.; Lobato, E.; Oliviera, M.; Martins, A.K.; da Silva, M.S.; Moura, C.P.; local guide Junior [2252] Brazil K001766042 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6851] Mauritius K001124984 Unknown Type Material Yes
Claussen, P. [s.n.] Brazil K001201492 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.] Brazil K001201696 Yes
Burchell [8449] Brazil K001201231 Yes
Ratter, J.A.; Fonseca, S.G.; Castro, R.A. [2421] Brazil K001201650 Yes
Walker, G.W. [s.n.] Sri Lanka K000700873 Unknown Type Material Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [8694] Brazil K001201586 Yes
Glaziou [18921] Brazil K001201354 Yes
Külkamp, J.; Afonso, E.L.; Carvalho, B.58 [78920] Brazil K001639706 Yes
Thomas, D.W. [740] Cameroon K000875982 Yes
Greve, M. [323] Madagascar K000435114 Unknown Type Material Yes
Evrard, C. [4734] Congo, Democratic Republic of the K000435041 Type Yes
Lima, H.C.; Lewis, G.P.; Gomes, J.C.; Morão, L.M.M. [2907] Brazil K001201632 Yes
Thwaites, G.H.K. [s.n.] Sri Lanka K000700871 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gardner [2063] Brazil K001201364 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0026] Brazil K001201614 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0474] Brazil K001201618 Yes
Martinelli, G. [9102] Brazil K001201498 Yes
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8436] Brazil K001201642 Yes
Silva, S.J.; Lima, H.C.; Sylvestre, L.; Silva, W. [1461] Brazil K001201597 Yes
Burchell [3730] Brazil K000407471 Type Yes
Feuillet, C. [4017] French Guiana K001553015 Yes
Soares-Silva, L.H.; Chagas e Silva, F. [338] Brazil K001201651 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0026] Brazil K001201613 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [6035] Brazil K001201629 Yes
Glaziou, A. [14549] Brazil K001201489 Yes
Groppo, M., Jr.; Erbert, C.; Groppo, P.E. [644] Brazil K001201488 Yes
Silva, J.M. [3778] Brazil K001201608 Yes
Saar, E. [5246] Brazil K001201623 Yes
Saint-Hilaire [s.n.] Brazil K001201496 Yes
Rakotonasolo, F.; Ralimanana, H.; Rakotomalala, A. [RNF 1701] Madagascar K000663466 Yes
Schatz, G.E. [921] Brazil K001201625 Yes
Perigolo, N.A.; et al. [261] Brazil K001553778 Yes
Braga, J.M.A.; Couto, R.S.; Pontes, J.A.L.; Rocha, A. [20] Brazil K001905413 No
Torke, B.M.; Mansano, V.; Suemitsu, C. [1317] Brazil K001567093 Yes
Ratter, J.A.; Fonsêca, S.G.; Fonsêca Filho, J.; Ribeiro, J.F.; Silva, J.C.S. [3749] Brazil K001201357 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [999] Brazil K001201592 Yes
R.W.B. [FOX 0214] Brazil K001201658 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0005] Brazil K001201617 Yes
Harley, R.M.; Pastore, J.F.B.; Suganama, E. [55764] Brazil K001201654 Yes
Richards, P.W. [6501] Brazil K001201550 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [9132] Brazil K001201612 Yes
Brazil K:SPC-47709.000 No
Carvalho, A.M. [2138] Brazil K001201497 Yes
Burchell [4496-2] Brazil K001201361 Yes
de Lima, H.C.; Matinelli, G.; Fernandez, E.P.; Kuhn Neto, B. [8808] Brazil K001890405 Yes
Clarke, H.D. [11422] Guyana K001636983 No
Thwaites, G.H.K. [s.n.] Sri Lanka K000700872 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lima, H.C. [2900] Brazil K001201631 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55764] Brazil K001201633 Yes
Zarucchi, J.L. [1268] Colombia K:SPC-48887.000 No
Harley, R.M. [s.n.] Brazil K001201499 Yes
Lima, H.C. [1375] Brazil K001201500 Yes
Prance, G.T. [15431] Brazil K001201598 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [10353] Brazil K000407392 Type Yes
Souza, V.C. [5338] Brazil K001201626 Yes
Berry, P. [3479] Venezuela K:SPC-46058.000 No
Gardner [2063] Brazil K001201363 Yes
Saar, E. [5246] Brazil K001201622 Yes
Leitman, M. [61] Brazil K001201504 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [430] Brazil K001201596 Yes
Muniz, C.F.S. [135] Brazil K001201351 Yes
Plowman, T. [13939] Brazil K001201253 Yes
Fonseca, M.R. [1294] Brazil K001201591 Yes
Carvalho, A.M. [3043] Brazil K001201628 Yes
Lima, H.C. [6424] Brazil K001201638 Yes
Glaziou, A. [13588] Brazil K001201494 Yes
Burchell [3763] Brazil K000407472 Paralectotype Yes
Plowman, T. [3765] Colombia K:SPC-44456.000 No
Gomez, W. [6849] Bangladesh K000700884 Unknown Type Material Yes
Glaziou, A. [13588] Brazil K001201490 Yes
Bridgewater, S. [S/754] Brazil K001201602 Yes
Amaral, A., Jr. [150293] Brazil K001201486 Yes
Lira, S.S. [167] Brazil K001201588 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [10387] Brazil K000407391 Type Yes
R.W.B. [FOX 0210] Brazil K001201615 Yes
Hamilton, W.D. [213] Brazil K001201599 Yes
Silva, S.J.G. [38] Brazil K001201352 Yes
Silva, F.C.; Soares-Silva, L.H. [1838] Brazil K001201652 Yes
Reitz [5103] Brazil K001201359 Yes
Spruce, R. [3251] Venezuela K001201584 Yes
Inácio, E.; Tschá, M.C.; Oliveira, M. [206] Brazil K001201590 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [R7870v] Brazil K001201601 Yes
Pires, J.M. [1985] Brazil K001201621 Yes
Riedel [349] Brazil K001201501 Yes
Sagra, R., de la [292] Cuba K000407395 Isotype Yes
Ribeiro, R.D. [1309] Brazil K001201646 Yes
Widgren [s.n.] Brazil K001201355 Yes
Harley, R.M.; Giulietti, A.M.; Oliveira, O.; Ribeiro, E. [54683] Brazil K001201640 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [744] Brazil K001201594 Yes
Glaziou [10386] Brazil K001201356 Yes
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8065] Brazil K001201641 Yes
Pessoa, S. [45] Brazil K001201503 Yes
Amaral, A., Jr. [150293] Brazil K001201487 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [9014] Brazil K001201624 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55801] Brazil K001201634 Yes
Lima, H.C. [2875] Brazil K001201630 Yes
Sellow [s.n.] Brazil K001201360 Yes
Pires, M.J. [1985] Brazil K001201620 Yes
Harley, R.M. [27720] Brazil K:SPC-54777.000 No
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0473] Brazil K001201604 Yes
Souza, V.C. [5338] Brazil K001201627 Yes
Leitman, M. [61] Brazil K001201502 Yes
Carmello, S.M. [28] Brazil K001201350 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54653] Brazil K001201639 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C., A. [3932] Brazil K001201585 Yes
Oldenburger, F.H.F. [s.n.] Brazil K001201635 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0022] Brazil K001201616 Yes
Souza, G.M. [96] Brazil K001201606 Yes
Coda, S. [s.n.] Brazil K001201653 Yes
Burchell [4778/A] Brazil K001201362 Yes
Mori, S. [13443] Brazil K001201659 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [9008] Brazil K001201610 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55739] Brazil K001201656 Yes
Burchell [4418] Brazil K001201365 Yes
Sellow [s.n.] Brazil K001201366 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13589] Brazil K000407473 Type Yes
Burchell [3130] Brazil K001201353 Yes
Marcon, A.B. [155] Brazil K001201589 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54792] Brazil K001201636 Yes
Boom, B.M.; Samuels, G.J. [9023] Guyana K000543074 Type Yes
Harley, R.M. [55792] Brazil K001201647 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0472] Brazil K001201619 Yes
Claussen, P. [s.n.] Brazil K001201485 Yes
Harley, R.M. [558008] Brazil K001201644 Yes
Neto, S.J.S. [1467] Brazil K001201611 Yes
Mendonça, J.O.; Amaral, A., Jr. [50] Brazil K001201349 Yes
unknown [1667] Jamaica K000407396 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M. [55730] Brazil K001201655 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [10378] Brazil K001201649 Yes
Lucas, E.J.; Sampaio, D.; Brummitt, N.A.; Campos, O.R.; Flores, T.B.; Jennings, L.V.S. [1075] Brazil K001201593 Yes
Sucre, D. [3683] Brazil K001201254 Yes
s.coll. [1914] Brazil K001201495 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13587] Brazil K000407476 Type Yes
Silva, L.F. [182] Brazil K001201648 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [8940] Brazil K001201609 Yes
Plowman, T. [4767] Peru K:SPC-46044.000 No
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 7519] Malaysia Erythroxylon K001127436 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 9114] Vietnam Erythroxylon K001132232 Unknown Type Material Yes


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