Genus:
Momordica L.

Momordica foetida Schumach.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb with woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems trailing or climbing to 4.5 m., herbaceous and flecked with darker green when young, glabrous to rather densely white-tomentose, when old becoming rather woody and rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate-cordate to triangular-cordate in outline, narrowly decurrent on to the petiole, apiculate, subentire with minute apiculate teeth to distinctly sinuate-dentate, subglabrous above, subglabrous to grey-tomentose beneath especially on the nerves, 13–160 mm. long, 13–170 mm. broad, unlobed, membranous, strongly foetid when crushed; petioles pubescent, 13–170 mm. long.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Dioecious. Female flowers (fig. 2/7, p. 18) on 14–130 mm. long stalks usually bracteate in the lower half; bract 4–16 mm. long; ovary ovoid and beaked, densely and softly papillose-spinose, 10–26 mm. long, 4–11 mm. broad; receptacle-tube broad and shallow, 2–2.5 mm. long; lobes triangular to strap-shaped, acute, obtuse, rounded or somewhat dilated and green at the apex, black at the base, 6–11 mm. long; petals similar to those of ♂ flower, 20–35 mm. long, 18–24 mm. broad, 3 with scales inside at the base; staminodes 3. Male flowers 1–9 (only 1 opening at a time) fasciculate at the apex of a 20–230 mm. long peduncle and immediately subtended by an elliptic, obovate-spathulate or broadly ovate-cordate 3–22 mm. long 1–26 mm. broad bract ± enclosing the buds when large; pedicels glabrous to densely tomentose, 4–55 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly obconic, 2–5 mm. long; lobes ovate or triangular, obtuse or rounded at the apex, convex and often with a few short soft spines in the lower part outside, shortly ciliate near the apex, brown to purplish-black with green margins, 5–9 mm. long; petals caducous, white, cream, yellow or orange, marked with dark green or brown or black at the base, obovate, 17–35 mm. long, 9–27 mm. broad, 3 with orange incurved scales inside at the base; stamens 3; thecae triplicate; anthers coherent in centre of flower.
sex Male
Male flowers 1–9 (only 1 opening at a time) fasciculate at the apex of a 20–230 mm. long peduncle and immediately subtended by an elliptic, obovate-spathulate or broadly ovate-cordate 3–22 mm. long 1–26 mm. broad bract ± enclosing the buds when large; pedicels glabrous to densely tomentose, 4–55 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly obconic, 2–5 mm. long; lobes ovate or triangular, obtuse or rounded at the apex, convex and often with a few short soft spines in the lower part outside, shortly ciliate near the apex, brown to purplish-black with green margins, 5–9 mm. long; petals caducous, white, cream, yellow or orange, marked with dark green or brown or black at the base, obovate, 17–35 mm. long, 9–27 mm. broad, 3 with orange incurved scales inside at the base; stamens 3; thecae triplicate; anthers coherent in centre of flower.
sex Female
Female flowers (fig. 2/7, p. 18) on 14–130 mm. long stalks usually bracteate in the lower half; bract 4–16 mm. long; ovary ovoid and beaked, densely and softly papillose-spinose, 10–26 mm. long, 4–11 mm. broad; receptacle-tube broad and shallow, 2–2.5 mm. long; lobes triangular to strap-shaped, acute, obtuse, rounded or somewhat dilated and green at the apex, black at the base, 6–11 mm. long; petals similar to those of ♂ flower, 20–35 mm. long, 18–24 mm. broad, 3 with scales inside at the base; staminodes 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit long-stalked, fleshy, ellipsoid, orange and dehiscing into 3 valves, 35–68 mm. long, 30–50 mm. broad, densely and softly spiny; spines fleshy, pointed, somewhat recurved, 7–13 mm. long, without an apical bristle; pulp scarlet, surrounding the exposed seeds at maturity with a sticky bright-red, sheath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, oblong, ± 10 × 6 × 3 mm.; testa sculptured, 2-grooved at the margins; cotyledons hypogaeous.
Habitat
Forest edges and clearings; margins of swamp and riverine forest and of secondary thickets, also a weed and colonizer of disturbed ground and of old cultivations; 0–2350 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 widely distributed in tropical Africa and in South Africa

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems prostrate or scandent to 7 m., almost glabrous to densely shortly crispate-pubescent, especially at nodes, flecked with darker green, becoming woody with pallid bark when old, arising from perennial tuberous rootstock; all parts foetid.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 1·3–19·1 × 1·3–18·1 cm., ovate or ovate-triangular to very broadly ovate in outline, broadly and deeply cordate and narrowly decurrent on to petiole, almost plane and minutely denticulate to very strongly sinuate-denticulate, unlobed, acutely-acuminate, apiculate, punctate and almost glabrous to densely shortly crispate-pubescent on veins beneath, shortly scabrid-setulose or punctate above.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 1·3–17 cm. long, green-flecked like the stems.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious. male flowers 1–8 (opening singly) in bracteate, pedunculate, subumbelliform inflorescences; peduncle 2–23 cm. long; bract 3–30 mm. long, oblanceolate to broadly rounded, closely subtending the flower, often cucullate; pedicels 0·2–7 cm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–8 mm. long, lobes 5–10 mm. long, ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or rounded, dark green to black, bearing a number of stiff emergences on the back. Petals 1·7–3·5 cm. long, pale yellow to orange, deeper orange to black at the base, obovate, rounded. Female flowers solitary; peduncle 0·2–6·5 cm. long; bract 3–20 mm. long; pedicel 0·2–18·6 cm. long; ovary 8–26 × 3–11 mm., ellipsoid-rostrate, densely and softly muricate; receptacle-tube 2–2·5 mm. long, lobes 2–11 mm. long, ovate or triangular to oblong-lanceolate, acute to obtuse or rounded; petals 1·5–3·7 cm. long.
sex Male
male flowers 1–8 (opening singly) in bracteate, pedunculate, subumbelliform inflorescences; peduncle 2–23 cm. long; bract 3–30 mm. long, oblanceolate to broadly rounded, closely subtending the flower, often cucullate; pedicels 0·2–7 cm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–8 mm. long, lobes 5–10 mm. long, ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or rounded, dark green to black, bearing a number of stiff emergences on the back. Petals 1·7–3·5 cm. long, pale yellow to orange, deeper orange to black at the base, obovate, rounded.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary; peduncle 0·2–6·5 cm. long; bract 3–20 mm. long; pedicel 0·2–18·6 cm. long; ovary 8–26 × 3–11 mm., ellipsoid-rostrate, densely and softly muricate; receptacle-tube 2–2·5 mm. long, lobes 2–11 mm. long, ovate or triangular to oblong-lanceolate, acute to obtuse or rounded; petals 1·5–3·7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3·5–7·5 × 2·5–5 cm., ovoid or ellipsoid, softly spiny, bright orange, dehiscent into 3 valves; fruit-stalk 5–10(20) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 7·2–12 × 5–7·5 × 2–4·5 mm., enveloped in bright red pulp, ovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong in outline, compressed; faces flattened, slightly warted; margin grooved.

[FWTA]

Cucurbitaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A climber from a stout perennial root
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx blackish-green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, sometimes yellowish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit about 3 in. long, yellow or pale orange when ripe, covered with soft prickles, bursting and exposing seeds in a red pulp.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Momordica foetida Schumach. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2010 Gosline, G. [429], Cameroon K000582253 No
Jan 1, 2009 Nana felicite [138], Cameroon K000580232 No
Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13405], Cameroon K000580254 No
Nov 1, 2003 Ghogue, J.-P. [1003], Cameroon K000746426 No
Nov 1, 2003 Tadjouteu, F. [413], Cameroon K000746425 No
Feb 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [85], Cameroon K000008298 No
Feb 1, 2003 Lane, P. [223], Cameroon K000008299 No
Feb 1, 2003 Cable, S. [1241], Cameroon K000008300 No
Jun 1, 2000 Gosline, G. [204], Cameroon K000338140 No
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [841], Cameroon K000338162 No
Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [3104], Cameroon K000338160 No
Jun 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [2216], Cameroon K000338161 No
Jun 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8654], Cameroon K000338163 No
Jan 1, 1992 Manning, S.D. [1065], Cameroon K000050535 No
Jan 1, 1987 Mambo, P. [70], Cameroon K000050533 No
Dec 1, 1967 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6987], Cameroon K000050534 No
Jan 1, 1965 Mann [627], Bioko K000310652 Yes
Jan 1, 1952 Migeod, F. W. H. [66], Cameroon K000050536 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8434], Tanzania 16150.000 No
Wild, H. [40093], Zimbabwe 1747.000 No
Batty [1154], Tanzania 20462.001 No
Brummitt, R.K. [10778], Malawi 25694.136 No
Faulkner, H. [3276], Tanzania 25730.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8434 & 8435], Tanzania 3264.000 No
Onochie, C.F.A. [33431], Nigeria 3265.000 No
Robson, N.K.B. [248], Malawi 32771.000 No
Ash [387], Ethiopia 33267.000 No
Ash, J. [10911], Ethiopia 35486.000 No
Ash, J. [1103], Ethiopia 35502.000 No
Fuller, K.A.P. 40073.000 No
Chancellor, R.J. [22], Uganda 4648.000 No
Wild, H. [40283], Zimbabwe 4649.000 No
Wild, H. [40094], Zimbabwe 4650.000 No
Onochie, C.F.A. [33358], Nigeria 4995.000 No
Eyles, F. [7951], Zimbabwe 5156.000 No
Ash, J.W. [387], Ethiopia 62947.000 No
Robson, N. [248], Malawi 6516.000 No
Polhill, R. [1344], Tanzania 6948.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [11404], Tanzania 6949.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1265], Tanzania 6952.000 No
Renvoize, S.A. [2050], Tanzania 7347.000 No
Richards, H.M. [23829], Tanzania 7620.000 No
Tweedie [1097], Kenya 8107.000 No
Robson, N.K. [846], Zambia 8108.000 No
Faulkner, H. [969], Tanzania 8109.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [970], Kenya 824.000 No
Gillett, J.B. [12872], Kenya 825.000 No
Drege [s.n.] K000312906 Yes
Krauss [47], South Africa K000312909 Yes
Krauss [47], South Africa K000312907 Yes
Cooper, T. [1078], South Africa K000312908 Yes
Angola K000312932 Yes
Schimper [840] K000310621 Yes
Kotschy [529] K000310622 Yes
Schimper [1466] K000310629 Yes
K000310630 Yes
Vogel [170], Bioko K000310654 Yes
Vogel [170], Bioko K000310656 Yes
Mann [170], Bioko K000310657 Yes
Vogel [33B], Bioko K000310655 Yes
Vogel [33B], Bioko K000310653 Yes
Mann G. [766], Cameroon K000050715 Unknown type material Yes
Harris, T. [33], Mozambique K000545035 No
Harris, T. [44], Mozambique K000545044 No
Dunlap [53], Cameroon K000050537 No
Meurillon, A. [1146], Cameroon K000050714 No
Binuyo, A. [FHI 35568], Cameroon K000050712 No
Brunt, M.A. [571], Cameroon K000050713 No
Dundas J. [20379], Cameroon K000050540 No
Dundas J. [20378], Cameroon K000050539 No

First published in C.F.Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 426 (1827)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • -Cogn. & Harms in Engl. Pflanzenr. Cucurbit. 2: 41, t. 4.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Meeuse in Bothalia 8: 47 (1962), excl. syn. M. angustisepala Harms.
  • A. Zimm., Cucurbitac. 2: 12, 36, 53, 63, 86, 106, 116, 132, figs. 11/3, 25/9–15, 37/7–10, 46, 61/3–4, 64/7, 77/15, 83/11 (1922).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 28 (1948).
  • Burtt Davy, Man. Fl. Pl. Ferns Transv. 1: 227 (1926).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 97, fig. 46 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 181 (1950).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 181 (1927)
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 1: 212 (1954).
  • R. & A. Fernandes in Mem. Junta Invest. Ultram., sér. 2, 34: 77 (1962).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 359 (1949).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 396 (1947).
  • Schumach. in Schumach. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 426 (1827).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0