Viscum album L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1023 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Lebanon and Nepal, NE. Algeria. It is a hemiparasitic epiphyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, China South-Central, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

British Columbia, California

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1982). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 7: 1-947. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Gubanov, I.A. & al. (2013). Illiustrirovannyi opredelitel rastenii Srednei Rossii, ed. 2, 2: 1-664. KMK Scientific Press, Moskva.
  • Jonsell, B. (ed.) (2000). Flora Nordica 1: 1-344. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Mathiasen, R.L. & Kenaley, S.C. (2016). The classification of California Viscaceae: an alternative perspective. Madroño 63: 8-33.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rajbhandari, K.R., Rai, S.K. & Chhetri, R. (2021). A Handbook of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-331. Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Rechinger, K.H. (1976). Flora Iranica 116: 1-6. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Vladimirov, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 24. Phytologia Balcanica 20: 99-137.

Kew Species Profiles

  • The Golden Bough. (a newsletter to foster the biosystematics of Loranthaceae and Viscaceae). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Becker, H. (2000). European mistletoe - taxonomy, host trees, parts used, physiology. In: Mistletoe: The Genus Viscum, ed. A. Bussing. Harwood Academic Publishers.
  • Bown, D. (2008). The Royal Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Herbs & Their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • Cooper, M.R. and Johnson, A.W. (1998). Poisonous Plants and Fungi in Britain: Animal and Human Poisoning. 2nd Ed. The Stationery Office, London.
  • Cooper, M.R., Johnson, A.W. & Dauncey, E.A. (2003). Poisonous Plants and Fungi: An Illustrated Guide. 2nd Ed. The Stationery Office, London.
  • Duke, J.A. (2001). Handbook of Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton and London.
  • Kirkup, D.W., Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2000). Viscum in the context of its family Viscaceae and its diversity in Africa. In: Mistletoe: The Genus Viscum, ed. A. Bussing. Harwood Academic Publishers.
  • Prendergast, H.D.V. & Sanderson, H. (2004). Britain's Wild Harvest: The Commercial Uses of Wild Plants and Fungi. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ramm, H., Urech, K., Scheibler, M. & Grazi, G. (2000). Cultivation and development of Viscum album. In: Mistletoe: The Genus Viscum, ed. A. Bussing. Harwood Academic Publishers.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1982). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 7: 1-947. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dogignard, A. (2009). Contributions à la connaissance de la flore du Maroc et de l'Afrique du Nord. Nouvelle série. 2. La flore du Nord-Maroc. Le Journal de Botanique de la Société Botanique de France 46-47: 1-136.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1982). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-226. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Mathiasen, R.L. & Kenaley, S.C. (2016). The classification of California Viscaceae: an alternative perspective. Madroño 63: 8-33.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2011 Wallich, N. [490], Nepal K000780293 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [711], India K000780292 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 468], Great Britain K000914246 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0