Genus:
Ipomoea L.

Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst.

This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. U.S.A. to NE. Mexico. It is used as a medicine.

[KBu]

Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D. et al. 2015. Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia. Kew Bulletin 70: 31. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-015-9592-7

Conservation
Least Concern (LC).
Ecology
As generally interpreted this species is amphitropical in the Americas, being found in the United States and Mexico in the northern hemisphere while in the southern hemisphere it is found in Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Brazil, in the last of which it is apparently rare and perhaps limited to Mato Grosso do Sul from where we have seen a handful of specimens, for example, A. Pott et al. 2929 (MBM) from Fazenda Nhumirim, Corumba, 18°59'S 56°39'N. In Bolivia it is common around Santa Cruz but sporadic and uncommon elsewhere but found in the Yungas as well as the Chaco. It is a lowland species not usually found above 1000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Slender twining (occasionally trailing) annual herb, stems to 3 m, glabrous, thinly pilose with long white hairs or densely pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, 2.5 – 8 × 1.5 – 6 cm, ovate-deltoid, or shallowly 3-lobed, narrowly cordate with rounded, entire or dentate auricles, apex shortly acuminate, mucronate, glabrous or thinly pilose on veins and margins or pubescent; petioles 0.5 – 5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, 7 – 8 mm, pilose; seeds brown, hemispherical, 3.5 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of axillary, pedunculate, umbelliform cymes, usually with 1 – 5 (– 9) flowers and more lax than in Ipomoea batatas; peduncles 2 – 9 cm; bracteoles 5 – 7 mm, filiform, pilose, relatively persistent; pedicels 4 – 9 mm; sepals subequal, usually ciliate with stiff spreading hairs, occasionally glabrous, outer sepals 8 – 11 mm, ovate, gradually narrowed to an outwardly curved fine point, the central vein usually distinct, inner sepals 10 – 12 mm, obovate, abruptly or gradually narrowed to a mucronate apex, less hairy; corolla 2.5 – 4 cm, gradually widened from base, pink with a dark centre, glabrous, limb c. 2.5 cm diam., unlobed
Note
Flowers at the end of the rainy season from February to July.

A very variable species in indumentum, leaf shape, shape of outer sepals and corolla length. The sepals are commonly ciliate.Wood et al. 27611 (K, LPB, USZ) from Villamontes, Gran Chaco, appears to be Ipomoea cordatotriloba but the ovary and capsule are glabrous.Specimens from South America have been treated as a var. australis O’Donell but in the uncertain taxonomic status of all taxa in this group it seems premature to recognise this.

Type
Type as for Convolvulus carolinus L.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 450–1100 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Huila, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Climbing.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: artificial - terrestrial.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 450 - 1100 m.; Andes, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mexico Northeast, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas

Introduced into:

Cuba, Jamaica

Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 17, 2012 Ratter, J.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000944352 Yes
Berlandier, J.L. [546], Texas Ipomoea trifida var. berlandieri K000830885 Yes
Berlandier, J.L. [s.n.], Texas Ipomoea trifida var. berlandieri K000830886 Yes

First published in Nomencl. Bot. 1: 246 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Jarvis, C.E. in Jarvis, C.E. (2007). Convolvulaceae Order out of Chaos Linnean Soc. London & Nat. Hist. Museum.
  • Kartesz, J.T. in Kartesz, J.T. (1994). Convolvulaceae A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland: 217-221. Timber Press.
  • Manitz, H. (1983). Zur Nomenklatur einiger Convolvulaceae und Cuscutaceae. I Feddes Repertorium 94: 173-182.
  • Spaulding, D. in Spaulding, D. (2013). Convolvulaceae Checklist of Alabama's vascular flora: 137-139.
  • Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D., Wilkin, P., Williams, B. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 70(31): 1-124.
  • Wood, J.R.I., Muñoz-Rodríguez P., Williams, B.R.M., Scotland, R.W. (2020). A foundation monograph of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the New World PhytoKeys 143: 1-823.

Not accepted by

  • Austin, D.F. (1978). The Ipomoea batatas complex--I. Taxonomy Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 105: 114-129. New York Botanical Garden. [Cited as Ipomoea trichocarpa.]

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Dennstedt 1810: 246.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Adams, C.D. in Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 601-614. University of the West Indies, Mona.
  • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
  • Austin, D.F. (1978). The Ipomoea batatas complex--I. Taxonomy Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 105: 114-129. New York Botanical Garden.
  • Gray, A. in Gray, A. (1878). Convolvulaceae Synoptical Flora of North America, edit. 1 2(2): 207-224, 394.
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela in Long, R. W. & O. Lakela (1976). Convolvulaceae A flora of tropical Florida: 711-724. Banyan Books.
  • Shinners, L. in Correll, D.S. & M.C Johnston (1970). Convolvulaceae Manual of the vascular plants of Texas: 1241-1261. Texas Research Foundation.
  • Spaulding, D. in Spaulding, D. (2013). Convolvulaceae Checklist of Alabama's vascular flora: 137-139.
  • Wood, J.R.I., Muñoz-Rodríguez P., Williams, B.R.M., Scotland, R.W. (2020). A foundation monograph of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the New World PhytoKeys 143: 1-823.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Dempewolf, H., Eastwood, R. J., Guarino, L., Khoury, C. K., Müller, J. V. & Toll, J. (2014). Adapting agriculture to climate change: a global initiative to collect, conserve, and use crop wild relatives. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 38, 369-377.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Bulletin

    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0