Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.
Hibiscus diversifolius

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Neotype: Ic. Pl. Rar. 3, t. 551! (1792), chosen by Fryxell, 1988
Morphology General Habit
Small tree, shrub or scrambling perennial herb up to 10 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems stellatetomentose or densely stellate-pubescent and aculeolate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves suborbicular in outline, 4–6 × 5–16 cm, ± distinctly 3–7-palmatilobed or -palmatipartite, apex acute or rounded, base truncate to cordate, usually with a linear or elliptic fissure or a suborbicular to elliptic gland with a central fissure on the lower surface near the base of the midrib, margin irregularly serrate or crenate serrate, stellate-pubescent above, stellate-tomentellous beneath; petiole 2–12 cm long, hairy like the young stems; stipules linear to filiform, 3–4 mm long, hispid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary or in terminal racemes; pedicel 5–7 mm long, densely hispid, articulated near the base; epicalyx of 7–8 free, linear bracts 8–12 × 1–2 mm; calyx lobes lanceolate, 2–3 cm long, 3–6 mm wide, densely setose, fused in the basal quarter, with an elliptic gland on the median vein
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or purplish with dark red or purple centre, 3–6 cm long, stellate-pubescent on the outside, glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 15–20 mm long; filaments 0.3–0.5 mm long; exserted part of style 6–7.5 mm long, glabrous or very sparsely pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid-acute, 2 cm long, 1.5 cm diameter, densely setose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, subreniform, 4 × 2–3 mm, glabrous.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Fiji, Galápagos, Hawaii, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Niue, Norfolk Is., Philippines, Queensland, St.Helena, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Western Australia

Hibiscus diversifolius Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1994 Brunt, M.A. [146], Cameroon K000105063
Jan 1, 1994 Brunt, M.A. [146], Cameroon K000105064
Jan 1, 1981 Brunt, M.A. [964], Cameroon K000105065
Cunningham, A. [38], New South Wales K000659867
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1897] K001114627
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1897] K001114628
Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000659866
Krapovickas, A. [44717], Brazil K001218302
Krapovickas, A. [44741], Brazil K001218301

First published in Collectanea 2: 307 (1789)

Accepted by

  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
  • Badry, M.O. (2015). Macro- and micro-morphological characters of Hibiscus diversifolius Jacq. subsp. diversifolius (Malvaceae): A new record for the flora of Egypt Feddes Repertorium 126: 37-47.
  • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J. & Hallé, N. (1986). Suite du catalogue des plantes a fleurs et Fougères des iles Australes Rapa: 151-158. Direction des centres d'expérimentations nucléaires. Service mixte de contrôle biologique.
  • Flores-Palacios, A., Martínez-Gómez, J.E. & Curry, R.L. (2009). La vegetación de isla Socorro, archipiélago de Revillagigedo, México Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de México 84: 13-23.
  • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Lopes Esteves, G., Duarte, M.C. & Takeuchi, C. (2014). Sinopse de Hibiscus L. (Malvoideae, Malvaceae) do estado de São Paulo, Brasil: espécies nativas e cultivadas ornamentais Hoehnea 41: 529-539.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Badry, M.O. (2015). Macro- and micro-morphological characters of Hibiscus diversifolius Jacq. subsp. diversifolius (Malvaceae): A new record for the flora of Egypt Feddes Repertorium 126: 37-47.
  • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J. & Hallé, N. (1986). Suite du catalogue des plantes a fleurs et Fougères des iles Australes Rapa: 151-158. Direction des centres d'expérimentations nucléaires. Service mixte de contrôle biologique.
  • Flores-Palacios, A., Martínez-Gómez, J.E. & Curry, R.L. (2009). La vegetación de isla Socorro, archipiélago de Revillagigedo, México Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de México 84: 13-23.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
  • Lopes Esteves, G., Duarte, M.C. & Takeuchi, C. (2014). Sinopse de Hibiscus L. (Malvoideae, Malvaceae) do estado de São Paulo, Brasil: espécies nativas e cultivadas ornamentais Hoehnea 41: 529-539.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve, 4 (1900)
  • Bol. Soc. Brot. Ser. 2, 20: 40 (1946)
  • Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Bot.) 29(1): 63 (1999).
  • C.F.A. 1, 1: 173 (1937)
  • Collectanea Botanicum 2: 307 (1789)
  • Edmonds, Distr. Hibiscus Sect. Furcaria Trop. E. Afr.: 17 (1991)
  • Edwards, Bot. Reg. 5: t. 381 (1819)
  • Engl., Pflanzenw. Afr. 3, 2: 402, fig. 187 E-G (1921)
  • F.P.S. 2: 24, fig. 10 (1952)
  • F.T.A. 1: 198 (1868)
  • F.Z. 1: 443 (1961)
  • Fl. Cap. 1: 171 (1860)
  • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 196 (1995)
  • Ic. Pl. Rar. 3: t. 551 (1792)
  • J.L.S. 40: 27 (1914)
  • Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8, 3: 225 (1953)
  • Mendonça & Torre, Contr. Conhec. Fl. Moçamb. 1: 14 (1950)
  • Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 5: 415 (1916)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/