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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia and NW. Pacific.
Trichoglottis atropurpurea

[A-EM]
General Description

Climbing epiphytic herbs. Stem pendent or climbing, internodes elongate. Leaves many, distichously arranged, coriaceous, linear, lorate to elliptic, apex usually unequally bilobed, articulated to a sheathing base. Inflorescence axillary, either fasciculate with one to several flowers in a cluster or a many-flowered raceme or panicle. Flowers opening widely, lasting about a week, resupinate, usually yellowish with light brown or purple markings. Sepals and petals free, petals slightly smaller than sepals. Labellum firmly fused to column, spurred or saccate at base, trilobed, side lobes erect, midlobe sometimes trilobed, often hairy or papillate; sac or spur often thickened, with a hairy ligulate appendage on back wall just below base of column, completely covering the entrance to the nectariferous cavity. Column cylindric, sometimes broadened at base so as to appear to have a foot-like extension, often with hairy stelidia, foot absent; pollinia four, arranged in two pairs, unequal, solid, waxy, attached by a common linear-oblong stipe to an ovate or elliptic viscidium.

Ecology

All species are epiphytes in swamp and other forests at 0–1800 m.

Distribution

There are 85 species of Trichoglottis collectively distributed from India, Sri Lanka, and the Nicobar Islands east to New Guinea, Australia, and the Solomon Islands, north to China, the Ryukyu Islands, and Thailand. The centre of diversity lies in Indonesia and the Philippines.

[A-EM]
Use

No uses have been reported for Trichoglottis. A few species are occasionally cultivated.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Trichoglottis Blume appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2003 Papua New Guinea 44911.000
Borneo 35390.000
Cribb, P.J. [K499], Indonesia 56588.000
de Vogel, E. [9207], Malaysia 56785.000
TCB [183] 77094.000
Staurochilus 28733.000

First published in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 359 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lamb, A. (2008). The genus Trichoglottis in Sabah Malesian Orchid Journal 1: 17-40.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0