Euphorbia L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 450 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Cosmopolitan.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Føroyar, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Samoa, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuva, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alaska, Falkland Is., Howland-Baker Is., Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kermadec Is., Line Is., Magadan, Maluku, Marcus I., Newfoundland, Ogasawara-shoto, Phoenix Is., Tasmania, Tristan da Cunha, Wake I., Yukon

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010). The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision: 1-430. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia. Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2022). Euphorbia in Southern Africa 2: 475-985. Springer.
  • Geltman, D. (2008 publ. 2009). Synopsis of Euphorbia L. section Chamaebuxus Lázaro (Euphorbiaceae). Novosti Sistematiki Vysshikh Rastenii 40: 109-158.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 470.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bentham & Hooker, Gen. Pl. 3, 1: 258 (1880).
  • Boissier in de Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 7 (1862).
  • F.C. 5, 2: 222 (1915).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 208 (1754).
  • N.E. Brown in F.T.A. 6, 1: 470 (1911)
  • Pax & K. Hoffmann in Engler, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 19c: 208 (1931).
  • Radcliffe-Smith, Gen. Euphorbiacearum: 405 (2001).
  • S. Carter in F.T.E.A., Euphorbiaceae, part 2: 409 (1988).
  • Sp. Pl.: 450 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Boiss. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 78 (1862)
  • G.P. 3(1): 258 (1800)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 208 (1754)
  • N.E. Br. in F.T.A. 6(1): 470 (1911)
  • Pax in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 19C: 208 (1931)
  • Sp. Pl.: 450 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2023 Flanagan, G.; Everest; Chavez, M., Hodgson, E., Hafferty, R., Ciambrone, M., Swift, C., Hafferty, R., Briggs, M., Yang, Q., Rajaovelona, L., Randrianasolo, V., Monique, Everest [GF010] Madagascar K001598747 No
Feb 27, 2023 Olivieri Humphrey, E.; Randriamanantena, F., Liang, K., Baines, O., Randriamanantena, F., Liang, K., Baines, O., Hodgson, E., Lemboye, B. [EOH004] Madagascar K001598741 No
Mar 1, 2017 Ilias Paie [S.51947] Malaysia K001235187 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [115] Cabo Verde K001080467 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [105] Cabo Verde K001134043 Yes
Jan 1, 2013 Galeotti, H.G. [3741] Mexico K000187399 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2013 Pringle, C. [2545] Mexico K000253787 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 2012 Hinton, G.B. [666] Mexico K000476658 No
Jan 1, 2009 Razakamalala, R. [4425] Madagascar K001322803 No
Jan 1, 2008 Pringle, C.G. [8736] Mexico K000476653 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 2008 Hinton, G.B. [8599] Mexico K000476688 No
Jan 1, 2008 Hinton, G.B. [10184] Mexico K000476649 No
Apr 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1775] Cameroon K000026640 No
Jan 1, 2000 Hinton, G.B. [5251] Mexico K000476720 Yes
Jul 13, 1999 Leedal, P. [7204] Tanzania K000452887 Yes
Jun 1, 1996 Florence, J.; Tahuaitu [11730] French Polynesia K001080190 Isotype Yes
Jun 21, 1991 Bourgeau [1511] K000252766 Lectotype Yes
Nov 9, 1988 Pearson, H.H.W. [4714] South Africa K000253239 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Hinton, G.B. [731] Mexico K000476652 No
Jan 1, 1985 Hinton, G.B. [8237] Mexico K000476646 No
Jan 1, 1985 Hinton, G.B. [3822] Mexico K000476648 Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Hinton, G.B. [3822] Mexico K000476647 Yes
Dec 13, 1984 Gillett, J.B. [17374] Tanzania K000452886 No
Dec 13, 1984 Balslev, H. [399] Tanzania K000452888 No
Dec 13, 1984 Balslev, H. [401] Tanzania K000452889 No
Dec 13, 1984 Thulin, M.; Mhoro, B. [786] Tanzania K000452890 No
Mar 2, 1983 Lobin, W. [2251] Cabo Verde K001105306 No
Oct 23, 1982 Lobin, W. [2391] Cabo Verde K001105620 No
May 1, 1971 Pringle, C.G. [2000] Mexico K000253788 Type Yes
May 12, 1969 Mueller, F.J.H.v. [s.n.] Australia K001080206 Type Yes
May 12, 1969 s.coll. [s.n.] Australia K001080208 Syntype Yes
May 12, 1969 Forster, J.G.A. [s.n.] Vanuatu K001080194 Isotype Yes
May 12, 1969 Mitchell, T.L. [393 388] Australia K001080210 Holotype Yes
May 12, 1969 Mueller, F.J.H.v. [s.n.] Australia K001040200 Type Yes
May 1, 1969 s.coll. [s.n.] Australia K001080209 Type Yes
Aug 1, 1968 Bhattacharya, U.C. [29488] India K000246260 Type Yes
Jan 3, 1964 Fischer [s.n.] K000911841 Unknown Type Material Yes
Madagascar K:SPC-41099.000 No
Bally; Gilbert [14252] Tanzania K000452894 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [15771] Mexico K000476731 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Palestine K000911934 Type Yes
Balslev, H. [375] Tanzania K000452893 No
Somalia K:SPC-51297.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [5897] Mexico K000476724 No
Kotschy [155] Sudan K000252792 Type Yes
Boissier, P.E. [175] Spain K000911849 Type Yes
Glover, P.E. [E. 283] Somalia K:SPC-02034.000 No
Dawkins, H.C. [601] Uganda K:SPC-02604.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Australia K001080207 Syntype Yes
Hinton, G.B. [3112] Mexico K000476722 No
Collenette, J.S. [8436] Oman K:SPC-62841.000 No
Ash, J. [2403] Ethiopia K:SPC-48110.000 No
Carter, S. [866] Somalia K:SPC-45638.000 No
Carter, S. [790] Somalia K:SPC-45643.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [2106] Kenya K:SPC-05201.000 No
Spruce, R. [6531] Ecuador K000201874 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] China K001080151 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] China K001080153 Unknown Type Material Yes
McWhirter, J.H. [135] Madagascar K:SPC-31905.000 No
Tenore, M. [s.n.] Italy K000911883 Unknown Type Material Yes
Brandham, P. [2139] Kenya K:SPC-45975.000 No
Dawkins, H.C. [600] Uganda K:SPC-04133.000 No
Bromfield, Dr. [s.n.] Egypt K000252713 Type Yes
Somalia K:SPC-51993.000 No
Andrieux, G. [104] Mexico K000503083 Yes
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001080251 Unknown Type Material Yes
Boissier, E. [s.n.] Egypt K000252714 Type Yes
Lobin, W. [157(117)] Cabo Verde K001105624 No
Mwangoka, M.A.,, Festo, L.; Mbalo, L. [3908] Tanzania K000743850 No
Nuttall, T. [s.n.] United States K001080343 Unknown Type Material Yes
Collenette, I.S. [5195] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-29047.540 No
Saudi Arabia K:SPC-48189.000 No
Boulos, L.; Rowaished, A.K.; Gifri, A.N.; Saeed, W.A.; Hussein, M.A. [17054] Yemen K001080104 Holotype Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [753] Saudi Arabia K000911939 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [753] Saudi Arabia K000911937 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [753] Saudi Arabia K000911938 Unknown Type Material Yes
Nelson, E.W. [6176] Mexico K000503079 Yes
Palmer, E.W. [499] Mexico K000476716 Yes
Grisebach, A.H.R. [s.n.] K000911856 Unknown Type Material Yes
Palmer, E.W. [122] Mexico K000476719 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United States K001080233 Type Yes
Collenette [4836] K:SPC-29047.500 No
Vogel [17] Cabo Verde K001134045 Yes
McWhirter, J. [148] Madagascar K:SPC-32199.000 No
Hepper, F.N. [5664] Yemen K:SPC-35722.000 No
Collenette [5013] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-29047.556 No
Bally, P.R.O. [5007 (E288)] Kenya K:SPC-16750.000 No
Schomburgk [479] Guyana K001210664 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] South Africa K000253386 Unknown Type Material Yes
Verdcourt, B. [806] Kenya K:SPC-02050.000 No
Palmer, E.W. [462] Mexico K000476711 Yes
Harley, R.M. [28451] Brazil K001210990 Yes
Wilson, J. [1499] Uganda K:SPC-48376.000 No
Spruce, R. [3908] Peru K000201871 Yes
Kenya K:SPC-45471.000 No
Harris, L. [s.n.] Brazil K001210884 Yes
Ash, J. [M. Gilbert 2] Ethiopia K:SPC-40108.000 No
Collenette [1936] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-45084.000 No
Pegler, A. [460] South Africa K000253231 Type Yes
Lobin, W. [2575] Cabo Verde K001105621 No
Smith, L.B. [7315] Brazil K001210993 Yes
Mozambique K:SPC-16749.000 No
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001080247 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kerner, A. [s.n.] Austria K000911871 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kerner, A. [s.n.] Austria K000911869 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lechler [2909] Chile K000254030 Unknown Type Material Yes
Heringer, E.P. [14134] Brazil K001210999 Yes
Kerner, A. [s.n.] Austria K000911870 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hepper, F.N.; Field, D.V. [5075] Kenya K:SPC-34359.000 No
Palmer, E.W. [319] Mexico K000476718 Yes
Lavranos Yemen K:SPC-43329.000 No
Palmer, E.W. [883] Mexico K000476712 No
Sales, M.F. [519] Brazil K001211016 Yes
Gillett, J.B. [13445] Kenya K:SPC-02633.000 Holotype No
Fisher, V.H. [420] Brazil K001211015 Yes
Rambo, B. [46216] Brazil K001210670 Yes
Spain K:SPC-36679.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [5814] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-51287.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Canada K001080338 Unknown Type Material Yes
Nuttall, T. [s.n.] United States K001080286 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bruyns, P. [9972] South Africa K001418309 No
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134040 Yes
Carter, S. [813] Somalia K:SPC-42946.000 No
Kayombo, C.J. [4240] Tanzania K000743846 No
Bally, P.R.O. [B.10426] Ethiopia K:SPC-15744.000 No
Gossweiler, J. [8262] Angola K000776451 No
Dorfler, J. [336] Turkey K000911960 Unknown Type Material Yes
Turczaninow, P.K.N.S. [s.n.] Russia K001080146 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] K001080465 Unknown Type Material Yes
Boissier, E. [s.n.] Egypt K000252711 Type Yes
Sudan K:SPC-01252.000 No
Lobin, W. [430(88)] Cabo Verde K001105619 No
Glaziou, A. [22088] Brazil K001211007 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [1772] Mexico K000476729 Yes
Glaziou, A. [15409] Brazil K001211003 Yes
Spruce, R. [6353] Ecuador K000201867 Yes
Gillett, J.B. [4519] Somalia K:SPC-02024.000 No
Schrenk, A.G. [s.n.] K001080148 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maiato, F.; Rafael, M.; Camôngua, J. [FM1529] Angola K001622936 No
Leandri, J.; Saboureau, P. [4136] Madagascar K001766800 No
Leandri, J.; Chauvet, B. [4533] Madagascar K001766799 No
Pignal, M.; Barthelat, F.; M'Changama, M.; Sifary, A. B. [1897] Mayotte K001766790 No
[eu alcool] [1201] Madagascar K001766817 No
Decary, R. [8971] Madagascar K001766814 No
Capuron, R. [24520_SF] Madagascar K001766830 No
Aedo, C.; Güemes, J.; Muñoz Garmendia, F.; Pedrol, J.; Rico, E.; Sequeira, M. [JGH-1520] Morocco K001581652 Yes
Ekema, S.N. [699] Cameroon K001383681 Yes
Carvalho, M.F.; Casas, J.F. [4336-1] Equatorial Guinea K001516386 Yes
Webster, G.L. [25810] Brazil K001210985 Yes
Taylor [1562] Brazil K001210988 Yes
Welwitsch [646] Cabo Verde K001105476 No
Rodriguez, D.; Galan, P.; Sandoval, M. [6316] El Salvador K001532215 No
Carvalho, M.F.; Fernandez Casas, J. [4582-3] Equatorial Guinea K001532721 Yes
Carvalho, M.F.; Fernandez Casas, J. [11656-2] Equatorial Guinea K001532696 Yes
Osborne, J.; Langa, C.; Matimele, H.; Rokni, S.; Zandamela, J.; Macanzi, B.; Tembe, E.; Munwane, C.; Machuama, B. [JO 1355] Mozambique K001346077 Yes
De Block; Groeninckx; Rakotonasolo [2372] Madagascar K001569692 Yes
Tripp, E.; Dexter, K.; Hasheela, H.; Lanyeni, L. [1998] Namibia K001569700 Yes
Hall, A [454AHAL; PIM3] Spain K001069833 No
Lowry, Porter P. II; Schatz, G.C.; Ratovoson, F. & Randrianaivo, Richard [7015] Madagascar K001567840 Yes
Lowry, Porter P. II; Schatz, G.C.; Ratovoson, F. & Randrianaivo, Richard [7016] Madagascar K001567841 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [6657] K:SPC-04142.000 No
Lobin, W. [732] Cabo Verde K001105623 No
[CBS] [s.n.] South Africa K000253230 Type Yes
Dawkins, H.C. [663] Uganda K:SPC-02053.000 No
Pennington, T.D.; Veloz, L. [13962] Ecuador K:SPC-58765.000 No
Adamson, J. [Bally 12396] Kenya K:SPC-02022.000 No
Tanzania K:SPC-42524.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [9440] Somalia K:SPC-05207.000 No
Palmer, E.W. [267] Mexico K000476707 Yes
Dyer, R.A. [4038] South Africa K000253426 Type Yes
Balslev, H. [370] Tanzania K000452884 No
Porta, P.; Rigo, G [179 (198)] Spain K000911948 Unknown Type Material Yes
Porta, P.; Rigo, G [179 (198)] Spain K000911949 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mwangulango, N.A. [711] Tanzania K000743849 No
Somalia K:SPC-51996.000 No
K:SPC-05200.000 No
Simon, G.,, Loi, I., Sharishoi,; Loshiliaria, M. [595] Tanzania K000743845 No
Wright, C. [1843] United States K001080274 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000379510 Unknown Type Material Yes
Matthew, K.M.; Charles, M. [RHT46776] India K:SPC-57502.000 No
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001105478 No
Newton, L.E. [3642] Kenya K:SPC-62083.000 Type No
Harley, R.M. [16246] Brazil K001210669 Yes
Moseley [21] Cabo Verde K001134047 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [6509] Tanzania K:SPC-15802.000 No
Glaziou [7817] Brazil K001210663 Yes
Palmer, E.W. [813] Mexico K000476708 Yes
Eggeling, W.J. [4383] Uganda K:SPC-02624.000 No
Pappe, K.W.L. [s.n.] K000913030 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134041 Yes
Mason, L.M. K:SPC-31899.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [8087] Mexico K000476686 No
Ledebour, C.F. [s.n.] K001080140 Unknown Type Material Yes
Leach [10188] Tanzania K:SPC-06049.008 No
s.coll. [5] K000253695 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bally [B11839] Somalia K:SPC-43389.000 Type No
Bruyns, P. [7708] Mozambique K001418321 No
s.coll. [1674] Brazil K001211010 Yes
s.c. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001105480 No
Hinton, G.B. [8623] Mexico K000476726 Yes
[Drege] [4622] South Africa K000253201 Type Yes
Glaziou, A. [8318] Brazil K001211005 Yes
Wild, H. [28202] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04085.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [5628] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-49723.000 No
Ascherson, P. [2190] Libya K000252712 Type Yes
Balslev, H. [371] Tanzania K000452885 No
Schimper [618] Ethiopia K000252793 Type Yes
Mayuranathan, P.V. India K:SPC-15769.000 Type No
K:SPC-04104.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [4580] Mexico K000476728 Yes
Schimper [336] Ethiopia K000252817 Type Yes
Bolus, H. [9444] South Africa K000253267 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lindheimer, F.J. [532] United States K001080287 Unknown Type Material Yes
McWhirter, J. [198] Madagascar K:SPC-32204.000 No
Rovirosa, J.N. [144] Mexico K000478131 No
Anderson, W.R. [9232] Brazil K001210992 Yes
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001105479 No
Spruce, R. [6529] Ecuador K000201873 Yes
Leach [14828] Malawi K:SPC-34792.000 No
Rodin, R.J. [2911] Namibia K000317964 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [5419] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-48192.000 No
Hohenacker, R.F. [1128] India K001080109 Isotype Yes
Burchell [9065] Brazil K001211012 Yes
Leach [14829] Malawi K:SPC-34997.000 No
Kralik, L. [s.n.] Sudan K000252794 Type Yes
Gerrard, W.T. [1171] South Africa K000253202 Type Yes
Pearson [3362] South Africa K000387986 Yes
Vogel [19] Cabo Verde K001134055 Yes
Belker, A. [134] K000911966 Unknown Type Material Yes
Razanatsima, A., et al. [679] Madagascar K001418055 No
Chevallier, A. [44267] Cabo Verde K001134048 Yes
Andrieux, G. [105] Mexico K000503082 Yes
Christenhuiz, M.J.M. [s.n.] Mexico K000696693 No
Bally, P.R.O. [E.313] Nigeria K:SPC-02616.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [5945] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-49737.000 No
K:SPC-66182.000 No
Robert, A. [881] Brazil K001211008 Yes
Egypt K000252715 Type Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [E29] Kenya K:SPC-15784.000 No
Collenette [1748] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-44831.000 No
Bolle, C. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134049 Yes
Leather, V.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K:SPC-30019.000 No
Richards, H.M. [13772] Zambia K:SPC-37676.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [29501] Kenya K:SPC-34197.000 No
Medley Wood [7933] South Africa K000253204 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] South Africa K000253385 Unknown Type Material Yes
Verdcourt, B. [3702B] Kenya K:SPC-32474.000 No
Collenette, J.S. [8752] Djibouti K:SPC-58728.000 No
Ash [1142] Ethiopia K:SPC-35837.000 No
Harris [4498] Brazil K001210885 Yes
Bally, J. Kenya K:SPC-16761.000 No
Ledebour, C.F. [s.n.] K001080150 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mwangoka, M.A.; Luhamo, D. [2409] Tanzania K000743851 No
Lankaster, C.H. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001105308 No
Wright, C. [1833] United States K001080347 Unknown Type Material Yes
Vogel [122] Cabo Verde K001080466 Unknown Type Material Yes
Aucher-Eloy [2033] Egypt K000252716 Type Yes
Tweedie, E.M. [1749] Kenya K:SPC-02021.000 No
Collenette [6832] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-55955.000 No
Sheahan, M.C. [MCS329] United Kingdom K000696763 No
Dyer, R.A. [4053] South Africa K000253395 Syntype Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [9352] Somalia K:SPC-02051.000 No
Boissier, P., E. [s.n.] K000911888 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [E.4] Kenya K:SPC-02045.000 No
Eggeling, W.J. [4385] Uganda K:SPC-15760.000 No
Lobin, W. [582] Cabo Verde K001105622 No
Alston, G. [2600] South Africa K000387987 Yes
[Zurzenmoffs] [s.n.] Ukraine K000911967 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hepper, F.N. [1386] Cameroon K:SPC-18938.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [16427] Tanzania K000452892 No
Carter, S.; Stannard, B. [560] Kenya K:SPC-44021.000 No
Carvalho, A.M. [1535] Brazil K001210986 Yes
Gilbert, M.G. [1502] Ethiopia K:SPC-13369.016 No
Collenette, I.S. [3784] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-29047.432 No
Lobin, W. [430] Cabo Verde K001105625 No
K:SPC-35844.000 No
Drege [3561] South Africa K000253210 Type Yes
Harley, R.M. [11807] Brazil K:SPC-35138.000 No
Antilahimena, P., et al. [6096] Madagascar K001418058 No
Galeotti, H.G. [3767] Mexico K000503078 Yes
Mlangwa, J.A. [1531] Tanzania K000743842 No
Castellanos, A. [25875] Brazil K001210662 Yes
Bally; Melville [15942] Somalia K:SPC-71389.000 No
Troupin, G. [3290] Rwanda K:SPC-15743.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [E.3] Kenya K:SPC-05213.000 No
Wilson, P. [8082] Bahamas, The K000253819 Type Yes
Bernard, R. [2225] Madagascar K001322802 No
Hinton, G.B. [2715] Mexico K000476723 Yes
Bally [7162] Somalia K:SPC-51298.000 Holotype No
Lowe, R.T. [9] Cabo Verde K001134042 Yes
Yemen K:SPC-50936.000 No
Ash [1777] Ethiopia K:SPC-15077.007 No
Festo, L.,, Bayona, W., Wilbard,; Charles, L.M. [1369] Tanzania K000743847 No
McWhirter, J. [194] Madagascar K:SPC-32228.000 No
Ule, E. [7023] Brazil K000253929 Type Yes
Drege [4614] South Africa K000253383 Type Yes
Porta, P.; Rigo, G. [371] Spain K000911950 Unknown Type Material Yes
Porta, P.; Rigo, G. [371] Spain K000911951 Unknown Type Material Yes
McWhirter, J.H. [166] Madagascar K:SPC-32108.000 No
Hillebrand, W.B. [57] United States K001080227 Unknown Type Material Yes
Spruce, R. [3908] Peru K000201870 Yes
Drege [2942] South Africa K000253266 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bernard, R. [2190] Madagascar K001322805 No
Lobão, A.Q. [172] Brazil K001211018 Yes
Leach [14826] Malawi K:SPC-34815.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [4770] Mexico K000476730 Yes
Leach [10241] Kenya K:SPC-02700.028 No
Wright, C. [1844] United States K001080272 Unknown Type Material Yes
Whellan, J. [33972] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04151.000 No
Taylor [1491] Brazil K001211020 Yes
Burchell [5531] Brazil K001211002 Yes
Glover, P.E. [Bally E282] Somalia K:SPC-15770.000 No
Collenette, J.S. [8736] Djibouti K:SPC-58348.000 No
Simon, G. [292] Tanzania K000743844 No
Drege [3561] South Africa K000253211 Type Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [7949] Tanzania K:SPC-27326.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [3208] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-29047.524 No
Schimper [1532] Ethiopia K000252818 Type Yes
Spruce, R. [6528] Peru K000201872 Yes
Lindheimer, F.J. [300] United States K001080289 Unknown Type Material Yes
Cavalcante, T.B. [9691] Brazil K001211019 Yes
Abrams, L. [4097] United States K001080397 Isotype Yes
Leach [11207] Mozambique K:SPC-20462.005 No
Bullock, S.H. [2108] Mexico K000716311 Yes
Palmer, E.W. [428] Mexico K000476710 Yes
Otzen, M. [s.n.] Namibia K000253419 Type Yes
Zahn, H. [1580] Greece K000911941 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gay, J. [s.n.] France K000911892 Unknown Type Material Yes
Besser, W.S.J.G. [s.n.] K001080147 Unknown Type Material Yes
Palmer, E.W. [498] Mexico K000476715 Yes
Menezes, E. [70] Brazil K001210886 Yes
Langalsse [336] Mexico K000478122 No
Kayombo, C.J. [2674] Tanzania K000743843 No
Hinton, G.B. [11285] Mexico K000476725 Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [16422] Tanzania K000452883 No
Hatschbach, G. [64841] Brazil K001211000 Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [102 & 1029] Kenya K:SPC-02032.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [5174] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-49468.000 No
DuPuy, B.; et al. [MB 404] Madagascar K:SPC-63480.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [7731] Mexico K000476651 No
Madagascar K:SPC-59578.000 No
Pickersgill, B. [s.n.] Brazil K001210667 Yes
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134053 Yes
Collenette, J.S. [8751] Djibouti K:SPC-58346.000 No
Collenette [1936] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-45085.000 No
Dyer, R.A. [4074] South Africa K000253397 Syntype Yes
PRO Bally, R.; Melville [15480] Somalia K:SPC-37180.000 No
Pringle, C.G. [s.n.] Mexico K000253706 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wright, C. [1848] United States K001040197 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sudan K:SPC-22017.000 No
Stolba, F. [s.n.] K000911868 Unknown Type Material Yes
Richards, H.M. [13772] Zambia K:SPC-06426.000 No
Anderson, W.R. [37030] Brazil K001210666 Yes
Somalia K:SPC-51980.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [5928] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-51313.000 No
Burchell, W.J. [7667] Brazil K001210660 Yes
[Ambroise] [s.n.] K000911890 Unknown Type Material Yes
Karelin, G., S.; Kiriloff [1946.1955] Kazakhstan K001080141 Unknown Type Material Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [16331] K001211004 Yes
Besser, W.S.J.G. [s.n.] Russia K001080161 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bramwell Spain K:SPC-40534.000 No
Bebb, M.S. [s.n.] United States K001080248 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-04345.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K001080152 Unknown Type Material Yes
Tweedie, J. [s.n.] K001211009 Yes
Gattinger, A. [2500] United States K001080288 Unknown Type Material Yes
Collenette, I.S. [1973] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-46200.000 No
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000253247 Unknown Type Material Yes
Henry, A. [2448] China K001080121 Type Yes
Lavranos; Carter [24578] Somalia K:SPC-55507.000 Holotype No
Irwin, H.S. [20376] Brazil K001211001 Yes
Vogel [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134044 Yes
Adamson, J. [E. 293] Kenya K:SPC-15774.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K001210658 Yes
Galpin, E.E. [4563] South Africa K000913020 Unknown Type Material Yes
Meikle, R.D. [814] Nigeria K:SPC-22166.000 No
s.coll. [122] Cabo Verde K001080468 Unknown Type Material Yes
Moseley [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134050 Yes
V[iave]lin, D. [s.n.] K000911889 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harvey, W.H. [444] South Africa K000913029 Syntype Yes
Silva, B.R. [1440] Brazil K001211017 Yes
Plowes [37259] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04078.000 No
Pennington, T.D.; Veloz, L. [13986a] Ecuador K:SPC-58759.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [10392] Mexico K000476687 No
Schweinfurth, G.; Riva, D. [612] Eritrea K000252798 Type Yes
Collenette, J.S. [8814] Oman K:SPC-62096.000 No
Cavalerie, J. [3779] China K001080117 Unknown Type Material Yes
Greenway, P.J. [6653] Tanzania K:SPC-02027.000 Holotype No
Anderson, W.R. [6801] Brazil K001210665 Yes
Bally [7861] Tanzania K:SPC-47395.000 No
Leach, L.C.; Brunton, T. [10138] Tanzania K000452891 Isotype No
Taylor [1550] Brazil K001210989 Yes
Palmer, E.W. [292] Mexico K000476714 Yes
Zambia K:SPC-15773.000 No
Ethiopia K000252791 Type Yes
Lobin, W. [2617a] Cabo Verde K001105307 No
Pringle, D. [s.n.] South Africa K:SPC-15797.000 No
Gouan, A. [ K000911858 Type No
Collenette, I.S. [7455] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-56027.000 No
Collenette, I.S. [5031] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-29047.538 No
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina K000911880 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina K000911881 Unknown Type Material Yes
Parker [s.n.] Guyana K001210661 Yes
Nelson, E.W. [6455] Mexico K000503080 Yes
Cunningham, A. [222] Australia K001080211 Paratype Yes
K:SPC-15779.000 No
Zambia K:SPC-15771.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [11839] Somalia K:SPC-06425.000 Type No
Popov, G. [1090] Ethiopia K:SPC-02088.000 Type No
Kuchar, P. [24798] Tanzania K000743848 No
MacArthur, C.G. Kenya K:SPC-15808.000 No
Robert, A. [745] Brazil K001211006 Yes
Wood, J.I. [1545] Yemen K:SPC-29047.245 No
Vogel [57] Cabo Verde K001134054 Yes
South Africa K000253378 Type Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [9946] Somalia K:SPC-04077.000 No
Tweedie [897] Kenya K:SPC-02023.000 No
[4622] South Africa K000253203 Type Yes
André, E. [K/1633] K001211011 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [5563] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-49979.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [E.94] Tanzania K:SPC-16758.000 No
illegible [11433] South Africa K000317963 Yes
Eiten, G. [6557] Brazil K001211013 Yes
Nelson, E.W. [6126] Mexico K000503081 Yes
South Africa K000253379 Type Yes
K:SPC-29954.000 No
Bolle, C. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134046 Yes
Harley, R.M. [16419] Brazil K001210991 Yes
Carter [1903] Sudan K:SPC-52790.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. Eritrea K:SPC-35426.000 No
Eiten, G. [10313] Brazil K001210998 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Kazakhstan K001080139 Unknown Type Material Yes
Heldreich, T.H.H. [1580] Greece K000911942 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ratovoson [1510] Madagascar K001322046 No
Lavranos [Bally 14056] Yemen K:SPC-44033.000 No
Madagascar K:SPC-33208.000 No
s.coll. [29] K001080185 Syntype Yes
Taylor [1578] Brazil K001210987 Yes
Somalia K:SPC-50626.000 No
Coulter [1457] Mexico K000503077 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [6877] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-53235.000 No
Langlassé, E. [512] Mexico K000503084 Yes
Pringle, C.G. [s.n.] United States K001080416 Type Yes
Nelson, E.W. [6249] Mexico K000503076 Yes
Nuttall, T. [s.n.] United States K001080290 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina K000911882 Unknown Type Material Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [5643 B] Tanzania K:SPC-26003.000 No
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001080249 Unknown Type Material Yes
Somalia K:SPC-51974.000 No
Wright, C. [1831] United States K001040195 Unknown Type Material Yes
Fisher, W.H. [345] Brazil K001211014 Yes
Ledebour, C.F. [s.n.] K001080142 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rambo, B. [46215] Brazil K001210671 Yes
Ball, J. [s.n.] Morocco K000252762 Type Yes
Schimper [1532] Ethiopia K000252816 Type Yes
Rico, L.; Siete participantes de la Excursión Congreso: Los [1969] Dominican Republic K000478741 No
Marloth, R. [5111] South Africa K000253384 Type Yes
Harley, R.M. [19170] Brazil K001210668 Yes
Small, J.K.; Carter, J.J. [s.n.] United States K001080398 Unknown Type Material Yes
Stone, B. [s.n.] South Africa K000379544 Type Yes
Burchell, W.J. [s.n.] Brazil K001210659 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [5130] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-48188.000 No
Smith, A.R.; Lavranos, J. [696] K:SPC-30377.000 No
Bally, J. [E188] Tanzania K:SPC-04138.000 No
Whellan [s.n.] Zambia K:SPC-40571.000 No
Palmer, E.W. [806] Mexico K000476709 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [4315] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-48073.000 No
Knoche, H. [194] Spain K000911845 Unknown Type Material Yes
Carcasson, R.H. [E.444] Uganda K:SPC-05238.000 No
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001105477 No
Palmer, E.W. [296] Mexico K000476713 Yes
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001080250 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.c. [s.n.] Cabo Verde K001134039 Yes
Antilahimena, P., et al. [6039] Madagascar K001418054 No
Hooker, J.D.; Gray, A. [s.n.] United States K001080262 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mayaravathan, G.A. India K:SPC-22289.000 No
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001040198 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [E. 180] Tanzania K:SPC-02090.000 No
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001080253 Lectotype Yes
Lorentz [s.n.] K000254034 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-30537.000 No
Palmer, E.W. [121] Mexico K000476717 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K001080149 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bally, J. [E186] Kenya K:SPC-15795.000 No
Spruce, R. [6353] Ecuador K000201866 Yes
McWhinter, J.H. K:SPC-34617.000 No
Hinton, G.B. [7731] Mexico K000476650 No
Hinton, G.B. [1637] Mexico K000476727 Yes
France K:SPC-38083.000 No
Wight, C. [1821] United States K001080389 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wight, C. [1821] United States K001080391 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wight, C. [1821] United States K001080390 Unknown Type Material Yes
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] United States K001080252 Unknown Type Material Yes
Greene, E.L. [s.n.] United States K001080284 Unknown Type Material Yes
Leach [10183] Tanzania K:SPC-38876.000 No
Kirkwood [2] Kenya K:SPC-02063.000 No
Chapman, J.D. [5846] Malawi K:SPC-29047.364 No
Wild, H.; Drummond, R.B. [7259] Botswana K000317960 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [4979] Saudi Arabia K:SPC-48184.000 No
Heringer, E.P. [6349] Brazil K001211021 Yes
Eyles, F. [8433] Zimbabwe K:SPC-05230.000 No
s.coll. [647] China K001080122 Type Yes
Razakamalala, R.; Rakotovao, C. [5635] Madagascar K001418057 No
Mason, L.M. Pedilanthus K:SPC-07530.000 No
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [3759] Kenya Synadenium K:SPC-05281.000 No
Gilbert, M.G.; Gilbert, S.B. [1489] Ethiopia Monadenium K:SPC-07443.000 No
Fanshawe, D.B. Monadenium K:SPC-23985.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [4833] Tanzania Monadenium K:SPC-05266.000 No
Congdon [275] Tanzania Monadenium K:SPC-62085.000 No
Kenya Monadenium K:SPC-32412.000 No
Malaisse [7442] Congo, Democratic Republic of the Monadenium K:SPC-49714.000 No
Gilbert, M.G.ýS.B. [1489] Ethiopia Monadenium K:SPC-07444.000 No
Specks [301] Tanzania Monadenium K:SPC-62092.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [E. 45] Tanzania Monadenium K:SPC-16768.000 No
Maclaughlin [E. 179 a.] Kenya Monadenium K:SPC-11724.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [E. 26, C.M.] Kenya Monadenium K:SPC-16765.000 No
Richards, H.M. Zambia Monadenium K:SPC-26034.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [E. 179] Kenya Monadenium K:SPC-04175.000 No
Richards, M. [21021] Tanzania Monadenium K:SPC-32471.000 No
Tanzania Euphorbium K:SPC-21969.011 Holotype No
Richards, H.M. [18176] Zambia Euphorbium K:SPC-34818.000 No

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Trees of New Guinea

    • Trees of New Guinea
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0