Cladium P.Browne

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.


Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Mostly robust perennial herbs with thick rhizomes, sometimes with stolons, up to several meters long
Morphology Culms
Culms hollow except for the nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sheathing; ligule 0 Basal and cauline leaves present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes on short primary and secondary branches, composed of several spikelets Inflorescence a long panicle, sometimes shortly corymbose, never umbellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets composed out of 4–11 spirally arranged, imbricate glumes, perfecting 1–3 (rarely more) nutlets, the lower 3–5 glumes sterile, the next glumes containing reduced and bisexual flowers perfecting a nutlet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments absent, or rarely present, then very small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2(–3)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style linear, branches 2–3, basally thickened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet small, usually bluntly trigonous, the base of the style persistent

Doubtfully present in:


Native to:

Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, California, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Libya, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oman, Ontario, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cook Is., Ethiopia, Hawaii, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Maldives, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Sumatera, Tanzania, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cladium P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 114 (1756)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 484 (1902).
  • Hist. Jam. 114 (1756)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 114 (1756)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.