Genus:
Brosimum Sw.

Brosimum lactescens (S.Moore) C.C.Berg

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Central & S. Tropical America. It is used as a medicine and for food.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 90 - 1600 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Arbolito, árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
árbol vaca, cajeto, chichirimico, cuero de sapo, granadillo rojo, guáimaro, leche de chiva, lecheperra, lechero, pepa de pava

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 90–1600 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Caquetá, Casanare, Chocó, Guaviare, Meta, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Small tree, Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Cajeto, Costillo, Cuero de sapo, Guáimaro, Lechero

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Brosimum lactescens (S.Moore) C.C.Berg appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [1632], Mato Grosso K000447609 No
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1488], Mato Grosso K000578798 No
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1426], Mato Grosso K000578797 No
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1356], Mato Grosso K000578800 No
Nov 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1545], Mato Grosso K000447604 No
Nov 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1550], Mato Grosso K000447605 No
Nov 1, 2007 Henicka, G.S. [123], Mato Grosso K000447951 No
Mar 1, 2007 Projeto Flora Cristalino [526], Mato Grosso K000447588 No
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1115], Mato Grosso K000447581 No
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1124], Mato Grosso K000447582 No
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1265], Mato Grosso K000447563 No
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1262], Mato Grosso K000447586 No
Sep 8, 2004 Cruz, A. [102], Bolivia K000035558 No
Sep 4, 2004 Meneces, E. [2209], Bolivia K000035572 No
Sep 4, 2004 Dominguez, R. [36], Bolivia K000035557 No
Jan 1, 1989 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [8142], Brazil K000947708 Yes
Nov 1, 1986 Vasconcelos, R.T.P. [456], Brazil K000947711 Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, W.W. [4132], Brazil K000947713 Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Prance, G.T. [6701], Brazil K000947701 Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Prance, G.T. [59231], Brazil K000947692 Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Prance, G.T. [2335], Brazil K000947702 Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Prance, G.T. [59265], Brazil K000947693 Yes
Jan 1, 1972 Steward, W.C. [13306], Brazil K000947710 Yes
Jan 1, 1971 Maguire, B. [56619], Brazil K000947707 Yes
Jan 1, 1970 Silva, M. [2421], Brazil K000947705 Yes
Jan 1, 1970 Silva, N.T. [1172], Brazil K000947706 Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Prance, G.T. [59327], Brazil K000947703 Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Prance, G.T. [3226], Brazil K000947704 Yes
Meneces, E. [475], Bolivia K000035575 No
Moore, S. [677], Mato Grosso K000512042 lectotype Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [6563], Brazil K000947694 Yes
Ducke, A. [106], Brazil K000947691 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [8420], Brazil K000947698 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [5857], Brazil K000947709 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5377], Brazil K000947697 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [6133], Brazil K000947696 Yes
Kuhlmann, J.G. [106], Brazil K000947690 Yes
Fróes, R.L. [155], Brazil K000947760 Yes
Reitz [8293], Brazil K000947699 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [4458], Brazil K000947712 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [6563], Brazil K000947695 Yes
Ducke, A. [18260], Para K000512040 holotype Yes
Gentle, P.H. [1737], Belize K000512030 holotype Yes
Kuhlmann, J.G. [s.n.], Brazil K000947700 Yes
Ducke, A. [12720], Para K000512041 lectotype Yes

First published in Acta Bot. Neerl. 19: 326 (1970)

Accepted by

  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • García Castro, N. J. (2011). Plantas nativas empleadas en alimentación en Colombia. Instituo de Investigaciones Biológicas Alexander von Humboldt. http://repository.humboldt.org.co/handle/20.500.11761/31275
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0