Cortaderia hapalotricha (Pilg.) Conert

This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Bolivia.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2000 - 4500 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms 100-150 cm long; 1-2 mm diam. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 2 mm long. Leaf-blades convolute; 8-50 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; lanceolate; 8-12 cm long; 4-6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 6-8 cm long. Panicle axis pilose. Panicle branches pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-3 mm long; ciliate. Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets resembling female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 16-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1 mm long; pilose. Floret callus hairs 2-2.5 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 16-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1 mm long; pilose. Floret callus hairs 2-2.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; similar to fertile lemma in texture; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 13-14 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume linear; 16-18 mm long; 1.5-1.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9-12 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma surface plumose; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 5-6 mm long. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with filiform lobes; with lobes 2-4 mm long; acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 9-11 mm long overall. Palea lanceolate; 4.5-5 mm long; 0.66 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface pilose; hairy on flanks. Palea apex emarginate, or truncate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
sex Male
Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets resembling female.
Distribution
South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, and western South America.
Reference
Arundineae. Conert 1993.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2000–4500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander.
Habit
Herb.

Native to:

Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

Cortaderia hapalotricha (Pilg.) Conert appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 1, 2008 Soderstrom, T.R. [1271], Colombia K000709700 No
Jan 1, 2008 Davidse, G. [25957], Costa Rica K000709631 No
Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [13954], Peru K000709720 No
Jan 1, 2008 Renvoize, S.A. [4927], Peru K000709714 No
Jan 1, 2008 Davidse, G. [24975], Costa Rica K000709630 No
Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [14932], Peru K000709719 No
Jan 1, 2008 Beck, St. G. [14753], Colombia K000709721 No
Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [14880], Peru K000709718 No
Jan 1, 2008 Solomon, J.C. [18334], Bolivia K000709722 No
Aug 1, 2004 Stergios, B. [20365], Venezuela K000709697 No
Aug 1, 2004 Stergios, B. [20571], Venezuela K000709699 No
Aug 1, 2004 Stergios, B. [20497], Venezuela K000709698 No
Apr 1, 2001 Estrada, A. [2773], Costa Rica K000709627 No
Jan 1, 1998 Laegaard, S. [19110], Ecuador K000709710 No
Jan 1, 1995 Laegaard, S. [101297], Ecuador K000709709 No
Jan 1, 1994 Laegaard, S. [102048], Ecuador K000709708 No
Jan 1, 1993 Killip [17467], Colombia K000308154 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Davidse, G. [25042], Costa Rica K000709629 No
Jan 1, 1993 Ramsay, P.M. [968], Ecuador K000709713 No
Jan 1, 1993 Renvoize, S.A. [5024], Peru K000709715 No
Jan 1, 1993 Soderstrom, T.R. [1313], Colombia K000709701 No
Jan 1, 1993 Soderstrom, T.R. [1243], Colombia K000709702 No
Jan 1, 1993 Peterson, P.M. [9153], Ecuador K000709712 No
Jan 1, 1993 Davidse, G. [24773], Costa Rica K000709628 No
Jan 1, 1993 Little, E.L. [8670], Colombia K000709703 No
Nov 1, 1988 Wood, J.R.I. [4148], Colombia K000709704 No
Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [54425], Ecuador K000709705 No
Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [53805], Ecuador K000709706 No
Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [71575A], Ecuador K000709707 No
Jan 1, 1964 Laegaard, S. [102048], Ecuador K000709708 Yes
Jun 1, 1934 Laegaard, S. [101297], Ecuador K000709709 Yes
Mar 1, 1899 Laegaard, S. [19110], Ecuador K000709710 Yes
May 15, 1891 Laegaard, S. [54425], Ecuador K000709705 Yes
Oct 1, 1890 Laegaard, S. [53805], Ecuador K000709706 Yes
Renvoize, S.A. [4920A], Peru K000709716 No
Steyermark, J.A. [104808], Venezuela K000709696 No
Renvoize, S.A. [4920B], Peru K000709717 No
Laegaard, S. [20955], Ecuador K000709711 No
Steyermark, J.A. [104808], Venezuela K000709696 Yes
Stergios, B.; Dorr, L.J.; Wurdack, K.J. [20365], Venezuela K000709697 Yes
Stergios, B.; Dorr, L.J.; Wurdack, K.J. [20497], Venezuela K000709698 Yes
Stergios, B.; Dorr, L.J.; Wurdack, K.J. [20571], Venezuela K000709699 Yes
Soderstrom, T.R. [1271], Colombia K000709700 Yes
Soderstrom, T.R. [1313], Colombia K000709701 Yes
Soderstrom, T.R. [1243], Colombia K000709702 Yes
Little, E.L. [8670], Colombia K000709703 Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [4148], Colombia K000709704 Yes
Laegaard, S. [71575A], Ecuador K000709707 Yes
Laegaard, S.; Eben, M.; Moller, P.; ulloa, C.; Narvaez, E. [20955], Ecuador K000709711 Yes
Peterson, P.M.; Judziewicz, E.J.; King, R.M. [9153], Ecuador K000709712 Yes
Ramsay, P.M.; Merrow-Smith, P.J. [968], Ecuador K000709713 Yes
Renvoize, S.A.; Laegaard, S. [4927], Peru K000709714 Yes
Renvoize, S.A.; Laegaard, S. [5024], Peru K000709715 Yes
Renvoize, S.A.; Laegaard, S. [4920A], Peru K000709716 Yes
Renvoize, S.A.; Laegaard, S. [4920B], Peru K000709717 Yes
Peterson, P.M.; Refulio Rodriguez, N. [14880], Peru K000709718 Yes
Peterson, P.M.; Refulio Rodriguez, N. [14932], Peru K000709719 Yes
Peterson, P.M.; Refulio Rodriguez, N. [13954], Peru K000709720 Yes
Beck, St. G. [14753], Colombia K000709721 Yes
Solomon, J.C. [18334], Bolivia K000709722 Yes
Colombia K001472233 Yes
Colombia K001472234 Yes
Venezuela K001472235 Yes
Ecuador K001472236 Yes
Peru K001472237 Yes
Bolivia K001472238 Yes
Bolivia K001472239 Yes

First published in Syst. Anat. Arundin.: 102 (1961)

Accepted by

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0