Ehrharta longigluma C.E.Hubb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 20-60 cm long. Culm-nodes pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2.5-12 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; 6-13 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.9 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1.2-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets dissimilar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 0.75 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; smooth; obtuse. Lemma of upper sterile floret elliptic; basally auriculate; 3.5-5.2 mm long; 1.3 length of lower sterile floret; cartilaginous; smooth; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-5.2 mm long; cartilaginous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous.
Distribution
Africa: south.
Reference
Ehrharteae. Gr S Afr 1993.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho

Ehrharta longigluma C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 1, 1933 Bayer [270], South Africa K000345407 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 501 (1933)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0