Hylebates cordatus Chippind.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Straggling annual, rooting at the lower nodes; culms 40–150 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–20 cm. long, 5–35 mm. wide, cordate and amplexicaul at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle ovate, 8–25 cm. long, effuse, the spikelets on long capillary pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, light green, glabrous except for the scaberulous nerves; lower glume 0.5–1 mm. long, separated from the upper by a short columnar internode; lower lemma with an awnlet 0.5–1 mm. long.
Habitat
Woodland and riverine forest, in shade; 800–1300 m.
Distribution
T4 T5 T6 T7

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Straggling annual, rooting at the lower nodes.
Morphology Culms
Culms 40–150 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf laminae narrowly lanceolate, cordate and amplexicaul at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 8–25 cm. long, ovate, effuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Inferior glume 0.5–1 mm. long, ovate, separated from the superior by a short columnar internode.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Inferior lemma with an awnlet 0.5–1 mm. long.
Inferior
Inferior lemma with an awnlet 0.5–1 mm. long. Inferior glume 0.5–1 mm. long, ovate, separated from the superior by a short columnar internode.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms prostrate; 40-150 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base amplexicaul. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-20 cm long; 5-35 mm wide; flaccid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 8-25 cm long; evenly furnished. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.2-0.3 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.8-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; scabrous; rough on veins; glabrous; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0.5-1 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; chartaceous. Lemma margins flat; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric.
Distribution
Africa: east tropical and southern tropical.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

Native to:

Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Hylebates cordatus Chippind. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Torre, A.R. [4945], Mozambique K000281569 isotype Yes
Torre, A.R. [4945], Mozambique K000281568 isotype Yes

First published in J. S. African Bot. 11: 128 (1945)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Chippindall in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 11: 128 (1945).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 65 (1965).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0