Setaria homonyma (Steud.) Chiov.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Loosely tufted annual; culms 25–100 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades lanceolate, 5–25 cm. long, 5–35 mm. wide, plicate, thin, flaccid, light green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle narrowly pyramidal, 4–20 cm. long, the spikelets subsessile in 2 rows on raceme-like primary branches, these villous or sometimes merely pubescent; bristles 5–10 mm. long, almost smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly elliptic, 2–2.5 mm. long, slightly dorsally compressed; lower glume obtuse, 1/4 the length of the spikelet, the upper as long as the spikelet; lower floret barren, its palea ± reduced; upper lemma rugose.
Habitat
A weed of shady places, often associated with cultivation; 500–2200 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 Cameroun and Ethiopia to South Africaalso in India

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Loosely tufted annual.
Morphology Culms
Culms 25–100 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf laminae lanceolate, plicate, thin, flaccid, light green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 4–20 cm. long, narrowly pyramidal, the spikelets subsessile in 2 rows on raceme-like primary branches, these villous or sometimes merely pubescent; bristles 5–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, narrowly elliptic, slightly dorsally compressed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Inferior glume obtuse, 1/8–1/4 length of spikelet, superior glume 4/5 to as long as spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma rugose.
Superior
Superior lemma rugose.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms 25-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades spreading; plicate; 5-25 cm long; 5-35 mm wide; flaccid; light green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; 1-10(-20) cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches bearing spikelets almost to the base; sterile at the tips. Panicle branches secund (2-rowed); pubescent, or pilose, or villous. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 5-10 mm long. Involucral bristles persistent; 1 in principal whorl; flexible; smooth; glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.25 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.33-0.5 length of lemma. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; gibbous; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate. Palea surface rugose.
Distribution
Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Fan-leaved bristle grass.

Setaria homonyma (Steud.) Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Welwitsch [7176], Angola K000281815 Yes
s.coll. [23750], India K000281841 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000281842 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000281839 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000281840 Yes
Volkens, G. [914], Tanzania K000281860 holotype Yes
Broun [1114], Sudan K000281893 holotype Yes
Thollon [826], Congo, DRC K000281920 Unknown type material Yes
Thollon [826], Congo, DRC K000281919 Unknown type material Yes
Schlechter, F.R.R. [12647], Zaire K000281921 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 26: 78 (1919)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi. Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Chiov. in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 26: 78 (1919).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 87 (1965).
  • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 58 (1958).
  • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 292 (1934).
  • Stapf & C. E. Hubbard in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 857 (1930).

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