Genus:
Stipa L.

Stipa lessingiana Trin. & Rupr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Greece to Mongolia and Iran.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms 100-150 cm long. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 20-40 cm long; 4-8 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; effuse; nodding; 50-75 cm long. Primary panicle branches 5-8 -nate; whorled at most nodes. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.75-3.25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent; obtuse.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.75-3.25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent; obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-3 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; scarious; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.75-3.25 mm long; 1.3-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; 1-keeled; 1(-3) -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex erose; obtuse; mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2-2.25 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins transversely connected at apex. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; straight, or flexuous; 6-8 mm long overall; deciduous. Palea elliptic; 0.8 length of lemma; 2 -veined; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; oblanceolate; 0.6 mm long; membranous. Anthers 1; 1 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. Embryo 0.3 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic.
Distribution
Europe: southeastern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and China.
Reference
Stipeae. WDC.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms 30-35 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.3-0.4 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 0.3-0.4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough abaxially; pubescent; densely hairy; hairy adaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle contracted; linear; 8-10 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1.5-1.8 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1.5-1.8 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 15-20 mm long; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; subterete; 7-9 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma surface pilose. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex surmounted by a ring of hairs; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn bigeniculate; 120-140 mm long overall; with twisted column; limb hirsute; with 1.8-2.3 mm long hairs. Column of lemma awn 35-40 mm long; glabrous. Palea without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 4.5-5 mm long.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia.
Reference
Stipeae. Kotuchov 2006.

Native to:

Altay, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, East European Russia, Greece, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Mongolia, North Caucasus, Romania, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang

Stipa lessingiana Trin. & Rupr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Cheese, M.J. [1503], Turkey K000457997 No
Kotukhov, A. [s.n.], Kazakhstan K000457996 No
Kuezerovskeja, S. [51], Russian Federation K000457995 No

First published in Sp. Gram. Stipac.: 79 (1842)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Nobis, M. & Gudkova, P.D. (2016). Taxonomic notes on feather grasses (Poaceae: Stipa) from eastern Kazakhstan with typification of seven names and one new combination Phytotaxa 245: 31-42.
  • Nobis, M. & al. (2020). A synopsis of the genus Stipa (Poaceae) in Middle Asia, including a key to species identification, an annotated checklist, and phytogeographic analysis Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 105: 1-63.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 2: 367-766. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Nobis, M. & al. (2020). A synopsis of the genus Stipa (Poaceae) in Middle Asia, including a key to species identification, an annotated checklist, and phytogeographic analysis Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 105: 1-63.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Ri?abinina, Z.N. & Kni?azev, M.S. (2009). Opredelitel sosudistykh rastenii Orenburgskoi oblasti: 1-757. Moskva: KMK.
  • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0