Glycyrrhiza glabra L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 742 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Central Medit. to Mongolia and Pakistan. It is a perennial or subshrub and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Doubtfully present in:

Libya

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, China North-Central, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russia, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Algeria, Austria, Bangladesh, California, Cape Provinces, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, Hungary, Maldives, Nevada, New South Wales, Portugal, South Australia, Spain, Switzerland, Utah, Victoria

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Coulot, P. & Rabaute, P. (2020). Monographie des Leguminosae de France. Tome 2. Bulletin de la Société Botanique du Centre-Ouest: Nouvelle Serie: Numero Special 49: 1-518.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2023). Flora of North America North of Mexico 11(2): 543-1108. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Grankina, V. (2008 publ. 2009). The system of the genus Glycyrrhiza L. (Fabaceae). Novosti Sistematiki Vysshikh Rastenii 40: 89-108.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
  • Komiljon, T., Natalya, B., Avazbek, B., Dilnoza, A., Ziyoviddin, Y., Deng, T. & Sun, H. (2020). Flora of the Dzhizak Province, Uzbekistan: 1-523. China Forestry Publishing House.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Nikitin, V.V. (ed.) (1949). Flora Turkmenii 4: 1-364. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 2: 367-766. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II. Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 105–121.
  • Bisby, F. A., Buckingham, J. & Harborne, J. B. (1994). Phytochemical Dictionary of the Leguminosae. ILDIS. Vol. 1. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Duke, J. A. (1981). Handbook of Legumes of World Economic Importance. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Gracía Martín, F. (1999). Glycyrrhiza. In: Flora Iberica: Plantas Vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares, Volume 7, ed. Castroviejo et al., pp. 350–353. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M. (eds) (1999). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening, Volume 1 (A to C). Macmillan Reference, London.
  • Johns, C. (2009). Glycyrrhizic acid toxicity caused by consumption of licorice candy cigars. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine 11: 94–96.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-book: a Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classification and Uses. 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Sprent, J. I. (2001). Nodulation in Legumes. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al. (eds) (1968). Flora Europaea, Volume 2, Rosaceae to Umbelliferae. Cambridge University Press, London.
  • Valli, G. & Giardina, E. V. (2002). Benefits, adverse effects and drug interactions of herbal therapies with cardiovascular effects. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 39: 1083–1095.
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. (2005). Food Plants of the World: an Illustrated Guide. Timber Press, Oregon.
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. (2007). Legumes of China: a Checklist. ILDIS, Reading.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2023). Flora of North America North of Mexico 11(2): 543-1108. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II. Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Abdullaeva, M. N. (1981). In: Conspectus Flore Asiae Mediae. Vol. 6. Taschkent.
  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Balashev, L. L., Ed. (1970). Dictionary of useful plants in twenty european languages.
  • Barneby, R. C. (1989). Fabales. In: A. Cronquist et al. Intermountain Fl. 3B:1-20, 27-27
  • Bonnier G. & Layens G. (1970). Flore complete portative de la France de la Suisse et...
  • Gammerman, A. F. (1942). Transact. Turkoman. Branch Akad. Sci. USSR(Ashchabad), 2:55-92.
  • Geideman, T. S. (1986). Opredelitel vysshikh rasteni Moldavskoi SSR, 3rd ed.
  • Grigorjev, G. & Vassiczenko, I. (1948). In: Flora URSS, Vol. 13. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Grossheim, A. A. (1952). Flora Kavkaza, Vol. 5. Moscow, Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Hess, H. E. et al. (0). Flora Der Schweiz, Band 2. Birkhauser.
  • Heywood, V. H. & Ball, P. W. (1968). Leguminosae. In: Flora Europaea Vol. 2. ed. Tutin, T. G. et al.
  • Jafri, S. M. N. (1980). Fabaceae. In: Flora of Libya, Pt. 86. Jaffri & El Gadi
  • Komarov, V. L. (Ed.) (1948). Flora of the U. S. S. R. Vol XIII (Engl. Translation 1972)
  • Nikitin, V. V. & Geldikanov, A. (1988). Opredelitel rastenyi Turkmenistana. Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Sokolov, P. D. (1987). Rastitelnye resursy SSR. (Vol 4). Leningrad(Rus.)
  • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
  • Townsend, C. C. & Guest, E. (1974). Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.
  • Ulziykhutag, N. (1989). Bobovye Mongolskoi Narodnoi Respubliki, Vol. 2. Doct. Thes.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 22, 1966 Al-izzi, H.; Omar, S. [34672] Iraq K000764165 Yes
Dec 21, 1964 Haussknecht, H.C. [s.n.] Iraq K000881052 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dec 21, 1964 Haussknecht, H.C. [s.n.] Iraq K000881051 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jul 18, 1927 Krasheninnikov, I.M. [956] Kazakhstan K000118169 Type Yes
Jul 18, 1927 Krasheninnikov, I.M. [956] Kazakhstan K000118170 Type Yes
Lindberg, H. [s.n.] Cyprus K000764161 Yes
Gillett, J.B. [12454] Iraq K000764164 Yes
Lombard, A. [24855 (nat.Herb.)] South Africa K000764162 Yes
Townsend, C.C. [71/113] Cyprus K000764160 Yes
Davis [43596] Turkey K000316299 Yes
Acocks, J.P.H. [21677] South Africa K000764163 Yes
Davis; Polunin, O. [24780] Turkey K000316298 Yes
Dinsmore, J.E.; Meyers, F.S. [1630] K000316296 Yes
Xuang Xiulan; Wang Xingwu [s.n.] China K000764167 No
Toppin, S.M. [225] India K000764166 No
Lowne, B.T. [s.n.] Israel K000316297 Yes
Apr 4, 1992 Li, X.Y. [831265] China Glycyrrhiza alalensis K000881048 Isotype Yes
Rico, L.; Arevshatyan, I.; Rukhkyan, N. [1761] Armenia Glycyrrhiza hirsuta K000297274 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0