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This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, Taiwan to Tropical Asia and N. & E. Australia.
Vigna radiata

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Annual climbing or mostly erect herb, 0·2–0·6 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems covered with long spreading yellow-brown or brown rather bristly hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, the laterals somewhat oblique, 5–16 cm. long, 3–12 cm. wide, entire or 2–3-lobed, acuminate, broadly cuneate or rounded at the base, glabrous to bristly pilose on both surfaces, sometimes rather conspicuously 3-nerved from the base; petioles 5–21 cm. long; rhachis 1·5–4 cm. long; petiolules 3–6 mm. long; stipules peltate, ovate, rhomboid or obovate-oblong, 1–1·8 cm. long, 0·3–1 cm. wide, margins ciliate; stipels conspicuous, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, 4–several(–25)-flowered; peduncle 2·5–9·5 cm. long; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 4–5 mm. long, ultimately deciduous; bracteoles linear-lanceolate or oblong, 4–7 mm. long, striate, subpersistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube glabrous, 3–4 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular, 1·5–4 mm. long, ciliate, the upper pair joined to form a bifid lobe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard greenish-yellow outside, sometimes pinkish inside, oblate, somewhat asymmetrically incurved at the apex, 1·2 cm. long, 1·6 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous; wings yellow; keel green tinged reddish, incurved through 180°, the left-hand petal with a marked pocket.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod linear-cylindrical, 4–9 cm. long, 5–6 mm. wide, somewhat constricted between the (8–) 11–14 seeds, covered with dark brown short spreading bristly pubescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds greenish, brown or blackish, oblong-cylindrical to globose or subcubic, longest dimension 2·5–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3·2 mm., 2·3–2·8 mm. thick; hilum ± half the longest dimension; aril not developed; testa often with characteristic pattern of rather wavy raised ridges with close parallel riblets between, making the seed rough to the touch.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated, Zambezian grassland
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Amberique, Antandro, Atly Lobya, Bourbour, Bu-me, Chiruppataru, Chiruppayaru, Fagiolo Mungo, Fagiolo Semi Verdi, Fasol Zolotistaya, Fasola Zlota, Golden Gram, Greed Gram, Green Gram, Haricot Dore, Jerusalem-Bohne, Mash, Ma-sha, Mon-sran, Mosh, Mun, Mun-et

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Somalia. Ancient Indian crop cultivated for its edible seeds at fairly low altitudes throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Morphology General Habit
Annual erect or climbing herb; stem covered with long spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 3, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, glabrous or pilose on both surfaces
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules peltate, ± ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube glabrous, 3–4 mm long; lobes 1.5–4 mm long, ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard greenish-yellow outside, 1.2 cm long, glabrous; keel incurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 40–90 x 5–6 mm, somewhat constricted between the 8–14 seeds, with brown short spreading bristly pubescence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds greenish, brown or blackish, oblong-cylindrical to globose or cube-like, 2.5–4.2 x 2.5–3.2 x 2.3–2.8 mm; hilum c. half the length of the seed with aril not developed; testa often with characteristic pattern of rather wavy raised ridges with close parallel riblets between, making it minutely rough to the touch.

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, India, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Myanmar, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen

Introduced into:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Hainan, Honduras, Inner Mongolia, Iraq, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Marianas, Mozambique, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Oman, Peru, Philippines, Qinghai, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South European Russi, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Horsfield, T. [115], Indonesia K000900688 Unknown type material
Wallich, N. [5589], Myanmar K001097298
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5592] Phaseolus radiatus K001121398
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5592] Phaseolus radiatus K001121399
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5592] Phaseolus radiatus K001121396
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5592], India Phaseolus radiatus K001121397

First published in Fl. Congo Belge 6: 286 (1954)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
  • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 558 (1970).
  • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 386 (1954).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Babu, C. R. et al. (1987). Bull. Bot. Surv. India 27:1-28. Leguminosae: Tribe Phaseoleae.
  • Balashev, L. L., Ed. (1970). Dictionary of useful plants in twenty european languages.
  • Batorova, S. & al. (1989). Rasteniya tibetskoi meditzyny... Novosibisk. (Rus)
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
  • DuPuy, D. J. & Telford, I. R. H. (1993). Flora of Austalia 50 Oceanic Islands 2:188-236
  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Hotta, M et al (1989). Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu(Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
  • Karyagin, I. I. (1954). In: Flora Azerbaijana, Vol. 5. Baku. (Rus)
  • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
  • Marechal, R. et al. (1978). Boissiera 28:1-273 ... Phaseolus et Vigna...
  • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
  • Nikitin, V. V. (1949). In: Flora Turkmenii, Vol. 4. Ashkhabad. (Rus)
  • Palibin, I. V. (1948). In: Flora URSS, Vol. 13. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
  • Rasulova, M. R. (1978). In: Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR, 2nd ed. Vol. 5. Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
  • Roldugin, I. I. (1961). In: Flora Kazakhstana, Vol. 5. Alma-Ata. (Rus)
  • Roskov, Yu. R. (1997). Editing data for CD publication.
  • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
  • Stace, C. (1991). New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge Univ. Press
  • Townsend, C. C. & Guest, E. (1974). Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.
  • Vassilczenko, I. T. (1987). In: Flora Partis Europaeae URSS, Vol. 6. Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/