Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich.

First published in De Orchid. Eur.: 33 (1817)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe, Medit. to N. Iran. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.


Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia


Homotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dogignard, A. (2009). Contributions à la connaissance de la flore du Maroc et de l'Afrique du Nord. Nouvelle série. 2. La flore du Nord-Maroc. Journal de Botanique Société de Botanique de France 46-47: 1-136.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes


  • Kretzschmar, H., Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. The orchid genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea: phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation. (EchinoMedia: 2007).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2011 Day, C.D. [629] Turkey K000341570 Yes
Hooper, S. Greece K:SPC-07149.000 No
Emanuel, D. Malta K:SPC-39418.000 No
Blamey, P. [1] Spain K:SPC-38323.000 No
Messel Italy K:SPC-19443.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [4559] France K:SPC-31700.000 No
Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.] Portugal K000364040 Unknown Type Material Yes
Adams, L.G. [237] United Kingdom K:SPC-28327.000 No
K:SPC-00210.000 No
Chase [14201a] K:SPC-70554.000 No
Prescott [s.n.] Unknown K000364039 Unknown Type Material Yes
Italy K000364041 Unknown Type Material Yes
Howell, W. United Kingdom K:SPC-20419.000 No
Amini; Zare [6902] K:SPC-73600.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2586] Greece K:SPC-47453.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [1592] United Kingdom K:SPC-00207.000 No
Wood, J.J. [507] France K:SPC-45910.000 No
Scullan, J.J. Ireland K:SPC-00209.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2703] Italy K:SPC-47691.000 No
Chase [16360] K:SPC-71733.000 No
Green, M.L. United Kingdom K:SPC-20745.000 No
Wood, J.J. [775] Cyprus K:SPC-49268.000 No
Joseph, J.; Joseph, S. [377] Spain K:SPC-48815.000 No
Albury Turkey K:SPC-47428.000 No
Sandeman, C. [4] France K:SPC-00208.000 No
K:SPC-70689.000 No
Blamey, P. [10] Spain K:SPC-38321.000 No
Albury, S.D. [A. C & W 123] Turkey K:SPC-50665.000 No
United Kingdom K:SPC-20742.000 No
Fay, M.F. [MFF 258] K000364646 Yes
Edgar, G.H. [1005] United Kingdom K000718734 Yes
Lang, A.F. [s.n.] Russia K000364042 Unknown Type Material Yes
Suart, J.B. [A5] Cyprus K:SPC-26214.000 No
Wood, J.J. [213] Italy K:SPC-38949.000 No
Harley, R.M. Greece K:SPC-24814.000 No
Wood, J.J. [153] Greece K:SPC-38925.000 No
K:SPC-76409.000 No
Wood, J.J. [264] Greece K:SPC-39348.000 No
de Aguilar, A. Spain K:SPC-00206.000 No
Malta K:SPC-20420.000 No
Hubbard, C.E. United Kingdom K:SPC-20744.000 No
Barneby, T.P. France K:SPC-31654.000 No


  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Orchideae:

    • All Rights Reserved