Orchis mascula (L.) L.

First published in Fl. Suec., ed. 2: 310 (1755)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, N. & Central Europe to Iran. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Çimen, A.Ö., Güner, I., Ekşi, G. & Şen, F. (eds.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, P.J. (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Çimen, A.Ö., Güner, I., Ekşi, G. & Şen, F. (eds.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 21, 1970 Mill, J.S. [s,n,] Switzerland K000364054 Unknown Type Material Yes
Giles, J.J. [126] United Kingdom K000899994 Yes
Civeyrel et al [587 A, B, C] France K:SPC-78340.000 No
Edgar, G.H. [1000] United Kingdom K000718737 Yes
United Kingdom K:SPC-20777.000 No
Fay, M.F. [s.a.] Ireland K001069793 No
Wood, J.J. [485] France K:SPC-39536.000 No
Watson, J.M. [45] Turkey K:SPC-03001.000 No
K:SPC-00234.000 No
Leman [s.n.] United Kingdom K000364092 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sayers, B. [31056] K:SPC-77506.000 No
Watson, J.M. [51] Greece K:SPC-03000.000 No
Kenneth, A.G. United Kingdom K:SPC-30543.000 No
Graham, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000364091 Unknown Type Material Yes
Civeyrel, L. [513] K:SPC-73217.000 No
Sampson, F.W. United Kingdom K:SPC-20426.000 No
Kotschy, K.G.T. [71] Turkey K000796422 Unknown Type Material Yes
Civeyrel, L. [514 A-C] K:SPC-73216.000 No
Read, H.F.T. United Kingdom K:SPC-20428.000 No
Wood, J.J. [230] Italy K:SPC-39102.000 No
Barneby, T. France K:SPC-28708.000 No
K:SPC-76459.000 No
Watson, J.M. [52] Italy K:SPC-00231.000 No
Sayers, B. [30991] K:SPC-76524.000 No
Bateman, R.M. [1250] K:SPC-78191.000 No
Chase, M.W. [34552/34553] K:SPC-78194.000 No
Scott, A.K. United Kingdom K:SPC-00233.000 No
Bateman, R.M. [1245] K:SPC-78193.000 No
Joseph, J.; Joseph, S. [278] Spain K:SPC-48453.000 No
Nodder, C.R. Ireland K:SPC-20773.000 No
Todd, E.E. Spain K:SPC-20772.000 No
K:SPC-76452.000 No
Davidson, G.L. United Kingdom K:SPC-20424.000 No
Civeyrel, L. [518A] K:SPC-73218.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. United Kingdom K:SPC-00228.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K:SPC-62255.000 No
Shaw, H.K.A. United Kingdom K:SPC-20774.000 No
K:SPC-76453.000 No
Tineo [s.n.] Italy K000364090 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kenneth, A.G. United Kingdom K:SPC-28154.000 No
Parkes, H. Ireland K:SPC-00229.000 No
United Kingdom K:SPC-05841.000 No
Margetts, L. United Kingdom K:SPC-28704.000 No
Barneby, T. France K:SPC-28714.000 No
Dony, J.G. United Kingdom K:SPC-05842.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [5648] Spain K:SPC-00230.000 No
Civeyrel et al [580] France K:SPC-78339.000 No
Civeyrel, L. [512A+B] K:SPC-73211.000 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images