Arenga engleri Becc.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Taiwan.

[PW]
Vernacular
Soan-tsang (Taiwanese), shan-tsong (Mandarin).
Biology
Lowland forest, at low elevations.
Distribution
Taiwan.
General Description
Stems clustered, to 4 m tall, 10-15 cm diameter. Leaves pinnate; sheaths fibrous; ocrea not seen; petioles to 1.8 m long, covered with dark brown, peltate scales; rachis to 3 m long, tomentose as the petiole; pinnae 38-41 per side of rachis, linear, flat adaxially, very briefly lobed along the margins, without ears at the base, regularly arranged and spreading in the same plane except for the basal few pinnae, these paired; middle pinnae 43-49 cm long, 2-2.2 cm wide. Inflorescences interfoliar, unisexual, to 60 cm long, not seen in their entirety; staminate rachillae 9.7-27.6 cm long, 3.6-4 mm diameter, numerous, glabrous; staminate flowers 8-14 mm long, spirally and distantly arranged; sepals 2-2.5 mm long; petals 9-14 mm long; filaments 2-4 mm long; anthers 3-6 mm long; stamens 25-37; pistillate rachillae 27-32 cm long, 5-7.4 mm diameter, glabrous; pistillate flowers spirally and distantly arranged, 3 mm long; sepals 2.5 mm long, broadly imbricate, gibbous; petals 3 mm long, valvate for about two thirds their length; fruits globose, 1.5 cm diameter, orange or red.

Native to:

Taiwan

Arenga engleri Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oldham, R. [624], Taiwan K000526342 isotype Yes
Oldham, R. [322], Taiwan K000526343 isotype Yes
Oldham, R. [626], Taiwan K000526341 isotype Yes
Cultivated [1966-50601] K000525035 No

First published in Malesia 3: 184 (1889)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Henderson, A.J., A New Species of Arenga (Palmae) in Taiwania 51(4). 2006

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0