Adenia ovata W.J.de Wilde

This species is accepted, and its native range is Zambia.

[FZ]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 1·5–2·5 × 1 cm., obovoid-oblong, subacute at the apex, with smooth coriaceous pericarp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds unknown.
Morphology General Habit
Herb 5–10 cm. high, with napiform warty tuber.
Morphology Stem
Stems annual or partly perennial, 1–3 cm. long, with internodes 0·2–1 cm. long; leaves ± appressed to the ground.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 7–14 × 5–12 cm., broadly ovate to subcircular, broadly rounded and sometimes minutely apiculate at the apex, margin entire, broadly rounded and shortly cuneate at the base, subcoriaceous, brownish- or reddish-green or greyish-green above, paler, greyish-green and densely purplish-red mottled beneath, with (3)5(7) main nerves from the base and with 3–4(7) pairs of nerves from the midrib and distinct reticulation; petiole 0·1–0·4 cm. long.
Morphology General Glands
Glands of the lamina-base 0 or 2, 0·5–1 mm. in diameter, on the margin near the insertion of the petiole; glands of the lamina 0.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 2–4 mm. long, narrowly triangular, acute, entire or remotely dentate or dissected.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils 0.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1–10-flowered in male, hermaphrodite and female, the flowers cream; peduncle up to 0·4 cm. long; bracts and bracteoles 1·5–3·5 mm. long, narrowly triangular to linear, acute, denticulate; pedicels 2–5 mm. long in the hermaphrodite and female flower.
sex Male
Male flower: buds up to 10 mm. long; anthers as in the hermaphrodite flower, 3–3·5 mm. long incl. the blunt, papillate apiculum c. 1 mm. long; vestigial ovary 1–1·5 mm. long.
sex Hermaphrodite
Hermaphrodite flower: (14)18–22 × 4–7(8) mm. (incl. the (4)5–7 mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium 1·5–2 mm. long; calyx-tube 6–8 mm. long; calyx-lobes 3–5(7) mm. long, ovate-oblong, obtuse, fimbriate; petals 7–9 × 1–1·5 mm., lanceolate, subacute, (l)3-nerved, fimbriate-papillate in the upper 1/2, inserted at the same level as the corona, this consisting of hairs 1–2 mm. long; stamen-filaments 4–5 mm. long, ± long-connate at the base, inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (1·5)2–4 × 0·75–1·25 mm. incl. the obtuse papillate apiculum 0·5–1·25 mm. long; disk-glands 0·33–1 mm. long; pistil 7–10 mm. long; gynophore 1·5–3 mm. long; ovary 4–5 × 2–3 mm., oblong-ellipsoid, usually finely warty; styles connate for c. 1 mm., the arms 1–1·5 mm., ending in subglobular woolly-papillate stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: (12)17–19 × 4–6(8) mm. (incl. the 4–5(6) mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium c. 1·5 mm. long; calyx-tube 5–6 mm. long; calyx-lobes 3·5–5 mm. long, oblong, obtuse, subentire; petals (4)5–6 × 1–1·5(2) mm., obovate to oblanceolate, obtuse, (1)3-nerved, finely fimbriate in the upper 1/2, inserted at the same level as the corona, this consisting of hairs 1–1·5 mm. long; staminodes c. 4 mm. long, with the filaments shortly connate at the base and vestigial anthers c. 1 mm. long; disk-glands c. 0·5 mm. long; pistil 7–8 mm. long; gynophore 1–1·5 mm. long; ovary c. 4 × 2 mm., ellipsoid-oblong; styles connate at the base, with the arms 1–1·5 mm. long, ending in subglobular woolly-papillate stigmas. Hermaphrodite flower: (14)18–22 × 4–7(8) mm. (incl. the (4)5–7 mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium 1·5–2 mm. long; calyx-tube 6–8 mm. long; calyx-lobes 3–5(7) mm. long, ovate-oblong, obtuse, fimbriate; petals 7–9 × 1–1·5 mm., lanceolate, subacute, (l)3-nerved, fimbriate-papillate in the upper 1/2, inserted at the same level as the corona, this consisting of hairs 1–2 mm. long; stamen-filaments 4–5 mm. long, ± long-connate at the base, inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (1·5)2–4 × 0·75–1·25 mm. incl. the obtuse papillate apiculum 0·5–1·25 mm. long; disk-glands 0·33–1 mm. long; pistil 7–10 mm. long; gynophore 1·5–3 mm. long; ovary 4–5 × 2–3 mm., oblong-ellipsoid, usually finely warty; styles connate for c. 1 mm., the arms 1–1·5 mm., ending in subglobular woolly-papillate stigmas. Male flower: buds up to 10 mm. long; anthers as in the hermaphrodite flower, 3–3·5 mm. long incl. the blunt, papillate apiculum c. 1 mm. long; vestigial ovary 1–1·5 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower: (12)17–19 × 4–6(8) mm. (incl. the 4–5(6) mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium c. 1·5 mm. long; calyx-tube 5–6 mm. long; calyx-lobes 3·5–5 mm. long, oblong, obtuse, subentire; petals (4)5–6 × 1–1·5(2) mm., obovate to oblanceolate, obtuse, (1)3-nerved, finely fimbriate in the upper 1/2, inserted at the same level as the corona, this consisting of hairs 1–1·5 mm. long; staminodes c. 4 mm. long, with the filaments shortly connate at the base and vestigial anthers c. 1 mm. long; disk-glands c. 0·5 mm. long; pistil 7–8 mm. long; gynophore 1–1·5 mm. long; ovary c. 4 × 2 mm., ellipsoid-oblong; styles connate at the base, with the arms 1–1·5 mm. long, ending in subglobular woolly-papillate stigmas.

Native to:

Zambia

Adenia ovata W.J.de Wilde appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 1971 Fanshawe, D. B. [F 2516], Zambia K000242703 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool 71(18): 204 (1971)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0