Adenia rumicifolia Engl. & Harms

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized to robust liana up to 20 (in W. and equatorial Africa up to 45) m., glabrous; older stems terete, 3–5-winged or with 5 rows of coarse fleshy tubercles, up to 10 cm. thick at base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades not punctate, entire or more rarely shallowly 3(–5)-lobed or coarsely sinuate, ovate to obovate, or orbicular to oblong, base acute to deeply cordate, or hastate, top acute to rounded, up to 2 cm. acuminate, 3.5–25 by 2.5–20 cm., pinninerved with 5–7 stronger nerves from near base; margin entire; petiole 1.5–15 cm.
Morphology General Glands
Glands at blade-base 2, in 2 ± hollowed auricles 1.5–6 mm. in diameter lateral at the top of the petiole; blade-glands submarginal, 0–6 on either half of the blade.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules triangular, 0.5–1 mm., withering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences peduncled for up to 12 cm., often sessile or subsessile on the lower part of the branches, up to 30-flowered in ♂, 1–6-flowered in ♀; tendril (0–)1, up to 20 cm., in sessile inflorescences tendril mostly absent; sterile tendrils simple or 3-fid, up to 25 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers broadly tubiform-campanulate, including the 0.5–2 mm. long stipe 16–37 mm.; hypanthium saucer-shaped, ± 5-saccate, 2.5–5 by 10–18 mm.; calyx-tube (5–)7–15 mm.; calyx-lobes ± elongate-triangular, subobtuse to acute, crenulate-laciniate, 7–14 mm.; petals mostly broadly spathulate, long-clawed, or elliptic-oblong, 4–13 by 2.5–5 mm., 3–5-nerved, lacerate-fimbriate, inserted at the same level as the corona; filaments 2–6 mm., connate 0.5–1.5 mm., inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (6–)7–12 mm., acute, apiculate; septa 0.5–1.5 mm. high; corona consisting of woolly hairs 1–2 mm.; disk glands 2–3 mm. Female flowers broadly tubiform-campanulate, resembling ♂ flowers, including the ± 0.5 mm. long stipe 12–25(–30) mm.; hypanthium flattish, 2–3 by 7–15 mm.; calyx-tube (4–)5–10 mm.; calyx-lobes 7–16 mm.; petals linear to spathulate, subobtuse, (4–)5–9 mm., 1–3(–5)-nerved, laciniate-fimbriate, inserted at the same level as the corona; staminodes 3–6 mm.; septa, corona and disk glands as in ♂; gynophore (0.5–)1–2.5 mm.; ovary ovoid to ellipsoid, (3.5–)4–8 mm.; styles free or connate for up to 2 mm., style-arms 1.5–5 mm.; stigmas reniform, woolly-papillate, each 2.5–5 mm. in diameter.
sex Male
Male flowers broadly tubiform-campanulate, including the 0.5–2 mm. long stipe 16–37 mm.; hypanthium saucer-shaped, ± 5-saccate, 2.5–5 by 10–18 mm.; calyx-tube (5–)7–15 mm.; calyx-lobes ± elongate-triangular, subobtuse to acute, crenulate-laciniate, 7–14 mm.; petals mostly broadly spathulate, long-clawed, or elliptic-oblong, 4–13 by 2.5–5 mm., 3–5-nerved, lacerate-fimbriate, inserted at the same level as the corona; filaments 2–6 mm., connate 0.5–1.5 mm., inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (6–)7–12 mm., acute, apiculate; septa 0.5–1.5 mm. high; corona consisting of woolly hairs 1–2 mm.; disk glands 2–3 mm.
sex Female
Female flowers broadly tubiform-campanulate, resembling ♂ flowers, including the ± 0.5 mm. long stipe 12–25(–30) mm.; hypanthium flattish, 2–3 by 7–15 mm.; calyx-tube (4–)5–10 mm.; calyx-lobes 7–16 mm.; petals linear to spathulate, subobtuse, (4–)5–9 mm., 1–3(–5)-nerved, laciniate-fimbriate, inserted at the same level as the corona; staminodes 3–6 mm.; septa, corona and disk glands as in ♂; gynophore (0.5–)1–2.5 mm.; ovary ovoid to ellipsoid, (3.5–)4–8 mm.; styles free or connate for up to 2 mm., style-arms 1.5–5 mm.; stigmas reniform, woolly-papillate, each 2.5–5 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1–4 per inflorescence, pear-shaped (obovate, tapering into the gynophore), obtuse, excluding the 1–5 mm. long gynophore 3–8 by 1.5–4.5 cm.; pericarp coriaceous outside, firmly fleshy inside, 4–10 mm. thick, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 40–150 per capsule, ellipsoid to suborbicular, 3.5–5(–6) mm.
Figures
Fig. 7.
Habitat
In moister places with a strong seasonal climate, in forest edges, semi-swamp forest, riverine forest and thicket; 0–1800 m.
Distribution
K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U2 U4 Z tropical Africa from Senegal east to S. Ethiopia, south to Angola and Mozambique

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Adenia rumicifolia Engl. & Harms appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13631], Cameroon K000581864 No
Jan 1, 1993 Kwangue, A. [7], Cameroon K000381564 No
Jan 1, 1968 Ejiofor, M.C. [29337], Cameroon K000050393 No
Jan 1, 1968 Maitland, T.D. [618], Cameroon K000050395 No
Jan 1, 1968 Ejiofor, M.C. [29337], Cameroon K000050394 No
Jan 1, 1968 Binuyo, A. [35650], Cameroon K000050390 No
Jan 1, 1968 Brenan, J.P.M. [9585], Cameroon K000050391 No
Faden [69/2051], Kenya 42314.000 No

First published in H.G.A.Engler & C.G.O.Drude, Veg. Erde 9(III 2): 603 (1921)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.

Not accepted by

  • van der Burg, W.J. (2014). Passifloraceae Flore du Gabon 46: 54-94. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. [Cited as Adenia lobata.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2) : 603 (1921).
  • Harms in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 8 : 296 (1923).
  • de Wilde in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 165 (1974).
  • de Wilde in Acta Bot. Neerl. 17 : 292 (1968)
  • de Wilde in Consp. Fl. Angol. 4 : 221 (1970)
  • de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 71–18 : 154 (1971)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0