Adenia schliebenii Harms

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to N. Mozambique.

[FTEA]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Climber up to 5 m., growing from a tuberous rootstock, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades pale green, densely reddish punctate, finely pubescent especially on the nerves beneath, entire to deeply 3–5-lobed, suborbicular in outline, base cordate to subtruncate, top acute, up to 1 cm. acuminate, 5–12 by 4–13 cm., ± 5-nerved from base; lobes elliptic to oblong, ± constricted at base, 1–8 cm.; margin remotely up to 3 mm. dentate; petiole 2–6.5 cm.
Morphology General Glands
Glands at blade-base 2, on 2 small auricles lateral at the top of the petiole; no other glands present.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules triangular, acute-acuminate, ± 1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences peduncled for 0.5–6 cm., 3–15-flowered in ♂; tendril 1.5–5 cm.; sterile tendrils up to 15 cm.
sex Male
Male flowers tubular-infundibuliform, including the 3–6 mm. long stipe 25–35 mm.; hypanthium, including calyx-tube, (15–)18–24 by (6–)8–10 mm., lobes ovate-triangular, subacute, 4–5.5 mm., serrulate; petals lanceolate, 3–5 mm., 3-nerved, densely fimbriate, inserted 11–15 mm. above the base of the hypanthium; filaments 10–21 mm., connate for 1–2 mm., inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (3–)4–7 mm., obtuse; septa 0; corona 0; disk glands ± 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers and fruit not known. Male flowers tubular-infundibuliform, including the 3–6 mm. long stipe 25–35 mm.; hypanthium, including calyx-tube, (15–)18–24 by (6–)8–10 mm., lobes ovate-triangular, subacute, 4–5.5 mm., serrulate; petals lanceolate, 3–5 mm., 3-nerved, densely fimbriate, inserted 11–15 mm. above the base of the hypanthium; filaments 10–21 mm., connate for 1–2 mm., inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (3–)4–7 mm., obtuse; septa 0; corona 0; disk glands ± 1.5 mm.
sex Female
Female flowers and fruit not known.
Habitat
Bushland; ± 500 m.
Distribution
T8

[FZ]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous climber up to 5 m., arising from a tuberous rootstock.
Morphology Branches
Fertile branches 2–5 mm. in diameter, greenish, glabrous, with internodes 5–15 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 5–12 × 4–13 cm., entire to deeply 3–5-lobed, suborbicular, acute-acuminate and mucronate at the apex, cordate to subtruncate at the base, membranous, brownish-green on the upper surface, paler beneath, usually densely reddish-punctate, pubescent especially on the nerves, with 5 main basal nerves, up to 4 pairs of nerves from the midrib and indistinct reticulation; lobes 1–8 cm. long, elliptic to oblong, usually constricted at the base, remotely denticulate; petiole 2–6·5 cm. long.
Morphology General Glands
Glands of the lamina-base 2, on 2 auricles 1–1·5 mm. in diameter, lateral to the apex of the petiole.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules c. 1 mm. long, triangular.
Morphology General Tendrils
Sterile tendrils up to 15 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 3–15-flowered in male; peduncle 0·5–6 cm. long; bracts and bracteoles 3–6 mm. long, lanceolate, dentate-laciniate; pedicels 4–10 mm. long, glabrous.
sex Male
Male flower: 25–35 × (6)8–10 mm. (incl. the 3–6 mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium and calyx-tube (15)18–24 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4–5·5 mm. long, ovate-triangular, subacute, serrulate at the margin; petals 3–5 × 0·75–1(1·5) mm., lanceolate, subacute, 3-nerved, fimbriate, inserted 11–15 mm. above the base of the hypanthium; corona 0; stamen-filaments 10–21 mm. long, connate for 1–2 mm. at the base, inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (3)4–7 × 0·5–1 mm., obtuse, with apiculum up to 0·1 mm. long; disk-glands c. 1·5 mm. long; vestigial ovary 0·5–1 mm. long; gynophore 0·25–1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower and capsule unknown. Male flower: 25–35 × (6)8–10 mm. (incl. the 3–6 mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium and calyx-tube (15)18–24 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4–5·5 mm. long, ovate-triangular, subacute, serrulate at the margin; petals 3–5 × 0·75–1(1·5) mm., lanceolate, subacute, 3-nerved, fimbriate, inserted 11–15 mm. above the base of the hypanthium; corona 0; stamen-filaments 10–21 mm. long, connate for 1–2 mm. at the base, inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers (3)4–7 × 0·5–1 mm., obtuse, with apiculum up to 0·1 mm. long; disk-glands c. 1·5 mm. long; vestigial ovary 0·5–1 mm. long; gynophore 0·25–1 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower and capsule unknown.

Native to:

Mozambique, Tanzania

Adenia schliebenii Harms appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
May 10, 1958 Allen, C.E.F. [150], Mozambique K000372987 Yes

First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 13: 426 (1936)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. & R. Fernandes in Garcia de Orta 6 : 257, fig. 13 (1958).
  • Harms in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 13 : 426 (1936).
  • de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 71–18 : 175 (1971).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0