Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.
Genus:
Pentas Benth.

Pentas lanceolata (Forssk.) Deflers

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Mozambique, Comoros, Arabian Peninsula. It is used as a medicine and has environmental uses.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
crispeta

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1100 - 2500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto, arbusto

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Herb or subshrub with erect or straggling mostly woody stems 0.5–1.3 m. tall, hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate, lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 3–13 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, pubescent to densely velvety on both surfaces; petioles 0–5 cm. long; stipules with 3–9(–14) setae, 2–9 mm. long, bearing small colleters, from a short base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence with terminal and axillary components combined into a single cluster.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube hairy, 1–3 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide; lobes very unequal, the largest lanceolate, 0.5–1.3 cm. long, 0.5–3 mm. wide, the smallest 1–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers often trimorphic, either with style exserted and anthers included, anthers exserted and style included or both included. Flowers with both style and stigma and anthers included:tube 2–4 cm. long; lobes ovate-oblong 0.5–1.1 cm. long, 2.5–3.3 mm. wide; anthers sometimes with tips exserted 0.25 mm. but usually included; style and stigma always included. Short-styled flowers very similar, corolla-lobes 4.5–8 mm. long; anthers exserted 2.5–4 mm.; style and stigma usually completely enclosed or rarely tips of stigma-lobes exserted 2.5 mm. Long-styled flowers:corolla-tube (1–)2.3–3.9 cm. long, dilated at the apex to 3(–6) mm. wide for a distance of 4–8 mm., hairy or glabrous outside; lobes oblong-ovate to elliptic, 0.3–1 cm. long, (1–)1.5–4.5 mm. wide; throat hairy within; anthers completely included; style exserted 1.5–5.5 mm.; stigma 2–5 mm. long.
Long-styled
Long-styled flowers:corolla-tube (1–)2.3–3.9 cm. long, dilated at the apex to 3(–6) mm. wide for a distance of 4–8 mm., hairy or glabrous outside; lobes oblong-ovate to elliptic, 0.3–1 cm. long, (1–)1.5–4.5 mm. wide; throat hairy within; anthers completely included; style exserted 1.5–5.5 mm.; stigma 2–5 mm. long.
Short-styled
Short-styled flowers very similar, corolla-lobes 4.5–8 mm. long; anthers exserted 2.5–4 mm.; style and stigma usually completely enclosed or rarely tips of stigma-lobes exserted 2.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obtriangular, 4–6 mm. tall and wide; beak 1–2 mm. tall.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1100–2500 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Quindío, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Shrub, Subshrub.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FZ]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Herb or subshrub with erect or straggling mostly woody stems 0.5–1.3 m. tall, hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades 3–13 x 1–6 cm., ovate, lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, pubescent to densely velvety on both surfaces; petioles 0.5 cm. long; stipules with 3–9(14) setae, 2–9 mm. long, bearing small colleters, from a short base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence with terminal and axillary components combined into a single cluster.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube hairy, 1–3 x 1.5–2.5 mm. lobes very unequal, the largest 0.5–1.3 cm. x 0.5–3 mm., lanceolate, the smallest 1–3 mm. long.
Long-styled
Long-styled flowers: corolla tube (1 )2.3–4 cm. long, dilated at the apex to 3(6) mm. wide for a distance of 4–8 mm., hairy or glabrous outside; lobes 0.3–1 cm. x (1)1.5–4.5 mm., oblong-ovate to elliptic; throat hairy within; anthers completely included; style exserted 1.5–5.5 mm.; stigma 2–5 mm. long.
Short-styled
Short-styled flowers very similar; corolla lobes 4.5–8 mm. long; anthers exserted 2.5–4 mm.; style and stigma usually completely enclosed or rarely tips of stigma lobes exserted 2.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with both style and stigma and anthers included; tube 2–4 cm. long; lobes 0.5–1.1 cm. x 2.5–3.3 mm., ovate-oblong; anthers sometimes with tips exserted 0.25 mm. but usually included; style and stigma always included. Flowers often trimorphic, either with style exserted and anthers included, anthers exserted and style included or both included. Short-styled flowers very similar; corolla lobes 4.5–8 mm. long; anthers exserted 2.5–4 mm.; style and stigma usually completely enclosed or rarely tips of stigma lobes exserted 2.5 mm. Long-styled flowers: corolla tube (1 )2.3–4 cm. long, dilated at the apex to 3(6) mm. wide for a distance of 4–8 mm., hairy or glabrous outside; lobes 0.3–1 cm. x (1)1.5–4.5 mm., oblong-ovate to elliptic; throat hairy within; anthers completely included; style exserted 1.5–5.5 mm.; stigma 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–6 mm. tall and wide, obtriangular; beak 1–2 mm. tall.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Bangladesh, Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Colombia, Cook Is., Gilbert Is., Marianas, Marshall Is., Norfolk Is., Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Windward Is.

Pentas lanceolata (Forssk.) Deflers appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 27, 1951 Schweinfurth, G. [1310], Yemen K000760236 Unknown type material Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [7207], Tanzania 28491.000 No

First published in Voy. Yemen: 142 (1889)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 404, fig. (1974).
  • Deflers, Voy. Yemen: 142 (1889).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda, ed. 2: 160, fig. 103 (1972).
  • Verdc. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 23: 339, fig. 35/D, G (1953).
  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 6: 377 (1951)

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0